DISEASES AND PREVENTION

Subject :

PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION

Topic :

MEANING OF SICKNESS  AND ILLNESS

Class :

PRIMARY FIVE (5)

 

THIRD TERM

 

 

WEEK 6

 

 

LEARNING MATERIALS

  • Whiteboard/Chalkboard
  • Explanatory posters/pictures
  • Fruits
  • Palm oil
  • Vegetable oil
  • Vegetables
  • Grains

 

 

 

Instructional Materials :

  • Lagos State Scheme of Work.
  • Online Materials.
  • Physical and Health Education for Primary Schools

 

 

Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have been taught

 

Types of strokes

 

in their previous lesson

 

Behavioural Objectives :  At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • Write out The meaning of Sickness.
  • Explain The meaning of illness.
  • Say How to prevent diseases

 

Content :

 

MEANING OF SICKNESS AND ILLNESS

A DISEASE is an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning.

PATHOGENS: Any disease-producing agent (especially a virus, bacterium or other microorganism)

MEANING OF SICKNESS 

  • It is a state when the body is not in a comfortable position
  • It is the unsoundness of the body
  • It is illness, disorder, disease.
  • When one is emotionally disturbed
  • One is physically disturbed.

When a person is sick, the person should see a doctor to check what is wrong with him or her. And the person should use drugs recommended by the doctor.

PREVENTION OF SICKNESS

To prevent sickness and diseases, we must ensure we eat the six classes of food (balanced diet). And we should maintain good hygiene.

MEANING OF ILLNESS

ILLNESS: It is the length of time of being unwell, as a result of diseases. If the disease(s) that cause illness is contagious, then such diseases can be caught, transmitted or transferred and passed on from one person to another.

 


Presentation

The topic is presented step by step

 

Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics

 

Step 2.

He introduces the new topic

 

Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise

 

Evaluation :

  • What is the meaning of Sickness?
  • What is the meaning of illness?
  • How can we prevent disease?
  • Mention four ways by which sickness can be prevented

 

Conclusion :

 

The teacher summarize the lesson. He or she gives out a board summary of the topic as note . He or she goes round to mark and does the necessary corrections

 

 

 

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