PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION SECOND TERM E NOTE FOR BASIC 5

PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION SECOND TERM E NOTE FOR BASIC 5

WEEKS TOPICS

1 HOCKEY GAME

2. TABLE TENNIS

3. PHYSICAL FITNESS COMPONENT

4. MAINTENANCE OF PHYSICAL FITNESS

5. MEASURING PHYSICAL FITNESS CONT.

6. GYMNASTICS

7. GYMNASTICS CONT.

8. BASIC GYMNASTIC ACTIVITIES

9. RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES

10. INTRODUCTION TO DIRECTION

11. REVISION

Class:- Basic 5

Subject:- Physical and Health Education

Week:- 1

Topic: Hockey

Behavioral objective:- At the end of the lesson the pupils should be able to:-

1. Narrate the history of hockey in Nigeria;

2. State hockey facilities and equipment;

3. Draw and label the hockey pitch with dimensions.

Instructional material/Reference material:- Learn Africa Physical and Health Education UBE edition for primary school book 5.

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge : Students are familiar with football which is similar to hockey

Content

HISTORY, FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENTS OF HOCKEY IN NIGERIA

INTRODUCTION

Hockey is a sport in which two teams play against each other by trying to maneuver a ball into the opponent’s side using a hockey stick. There are different types of hockey such as field hockey and ice hockey.

HISTORY OF HOCKEY IN NIGERIA

Hockey game was introduced into Nigeria by European in 1928, who introduced and played the game in various schools and colleges in the country.

Hockey became regular feature in inter-house sport competitions of Kings’ College, Igbobi College and St. Gregory’s College, and with some army unit teams, friendly matches were being conducted.

The Nigeria Hockey Federation (NHF) is the governing body of Field Hockey in Nigeria. It is affiliated to IHF International Hockey Federation and AHF African Hockey Federation. The headquarter of NHF is in Abuja, Nigeria.

FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT

The hockey stick and ball

The protector (helmet/facemask with mouth guard, neck guard, shoulder/elbow/shin pads, gloves, paint)

The shoes (field and ice)

The whistle

HOCKEY PITCH

PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION SECOND TERM E NOTE FOR BASIC 5 PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION SECOND TERM E NOTE FOR BASIC 5 PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION SECOND TERM E NOTE FOR BASIC 5

Evaluation:-

1. Narrates the history of hockey in Nigeria;

2. Mention the facilities and equipment;

3. Draw and label hockey pitch.

 

Class:- Basic 5

Subject:- Physical and Health Education

Week:- 2 and 3

Topic: Table Tennis

Behavioral objective:- At the end of the lesson the pupils should be able to:-

1. Narrate the history of table tennis in Nigeria;

2. State basketball facilities and equipment;

3. Draw and label a table tennis board with dimensions.

Instructional material/Reference material:- Learn Africa Physical and Health Education UBE edition for primary school book 5.

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge : Students are familiar with table tennis

Content

TABLE TENNIS

Table tennis is one of the major sports in the world. It is played at all levels of competition. Both young and old people play the game but at world championships, it is a young person’s game. The game is played by a minimum two people in form of singles and maximum of four people in form of doubles or mixed doubles.

The game takes place on a hard table divided by a net.

HISTORY OF TABLE TENNIS IN NIGERIA

Unconfirmed reports had it that the game had its origin in the kitchen, played between Mum and Dad with potatoes used as balls and frying pans used as bats and played across the table.

Table Tennis was introduced in Nigeria in the early Thirties by British. In Nigeria, table tennis is played everywhere among people of all ages and sex. It is popular among students in the Universities, colleges, and post – primary schools. Nigeria has continued to take active part in the competition at both national and international levels.

The Nigeria Table Tennis Federation (NTTF) was formed 1951.

TABLE TENNIS FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT

The facilities and equipment of the game of table tennis are:

1. The table tennis board

2. The net

3. The bat/racket and table tennis ball

4. The jersey

5. The sock and canvas

PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION SECOND TERM E NOTE FOR BASIC 5

Basic Table Tennis Rules

The service must start with the ball in an open palm. …

The ball must be thrown vertically, at least 16 cm. …

The ball must be above and behind the table throughout the serve.

After throwing the ball, the server must get their free arm and hand out of the way.

TABLE TENNIS DIMENSION

PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION SECOND TERM E NOTE FOR BASIC 5

 

Evaluation:-

1. narrates the history of table tennis in Nigeria;

2. Mention the facilities and equipment;

3. Draw and label table tennis board with dimensions.

Class:- Basic 5

Subject:- Physical and Health Education

Week:- 3 and 4

Topic: Physical Fitness component

Behavioral objective:- At the end of the lesson the pupils should be able to:-

1. Explain what physical fitness means.

2. Mention activities for maintaining physical fitness.

Instructional material/Reference material:- Learn Africa Physical and Health Education UBE edition for primary school book 5.

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge : Students are familiar with the meaning of physical fitness.

Content

PHYSICAL FITNESS COMPONENTS

Physical fitness is the state of health and well-being of a person. It is the ability to perform a certain sports, occupations and daily activities.

ACTIVITIES FOR MAINTAINING PHYSICAL FITNESS

1. 50 meters shuttle run

2. Carrying of weights

3. Sit up

4. Sergeant jump

5. Press up

6. Broad jump

7. Straight knee toe touch

8. Beam walk

9. Standing on one foot

Physical fitness is the state of health and well-being of a person. It is the ability to perform a certain sports, occupations and daily activities.

The following activities are for maintaining physical fitness – 50 meters shuttle run, carrying of weights, Sit up, etc.

PHYSICAL FITNESS COMPONENT – SCHOOL HEALTH PROGRAMME

This is a program which is meant to promote the health and safety and well being ofls and staff in the school.

COMPONENTS OF SCHOOL HEALTH PROGRAM

1. School health instruction and Health Education:This focuses on the physical, mental, emotional, and social ways of health. Through health education, pupils learn how to maintain and improve their health.

2. Healthful School Environment

This involves an environment that promotes the general well being of the school in all ways by keeping the school compound free of reptiles and broken bottles.

3. Nutrition services

In this program, pupils are provided nutritional needs. Under normal situation, these services are provided by the child nutrition experts.

4. Physical education

This provides means to achieve Learning objectives through a number of ways such as basic movement skills, physical fitness, rhythm and dance.

IMPORTANCE OF SCHOOL HEALTH PROGRAM

  1. It provides health services to pupils.
  2. It enhances wellness among pupils and staff.
  3. It promotes healthful situation such as prevention of illness and injury.

4. It ensures clean environment for learning

Evaluation

1. Explain what physical fitness means.

2. Mention 5 activities for maintaining physical fitness.

3. Mention any three physical fitness components.

4. Identify activities for measuring endurance, strength and speed.

5. Describe how endurance, strength and speed are measured.

Class:- Basic 5

Subject:- Physical and Health Education

Week:- 5 and 6

Topic: Measuring physical fitness component

Behavioral objective:- At the end of the lesson the pupils should be able to:-

1. explain the ways of measuring physical fitness

Instructional material/Reference material:- .Learn Africa Physical and Health Education UBE edition for primary school book 5.

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge : Students have learnt about the components of physical fitness in the previous lesson

Content

MEASURING PHYSICAL FITNESS COMPONENTS

The components of physical fitness mean total fitness. The followings are activities for maintaining total fitness –

1. Flexibility

The ability to move freely the joints and muscles. That’s range of motion available at a point.

2. Endurance

This is the ability to continue to perform a task without being tired – press up, minute run, walk – bench step on and off, squat thrust, etc.

3. Strength

The ability to exert force – pull ups, sit ups.

4. Agility

The ability to change position rapidly in space with speed and accuracy.

5. Balance

Maintenance of equilibrium.

6. Coordination – control

7. Power

The rate at which one can perform a task.

8. Time – within space.

9. Speed – 50 meters dash

The ability to cover a distant within a short period of time.

MEASURING PHYSICAL FITNESS COMPONENTS

1. Flexibility

2. Endurance

3. Strength

4. Agility

5. Balance

6. Coordination

7. Power

8. Time

9. Speed

Perform each activity of the physical fitness components for measurement.

MAINTAINING PHYSICAL FITNESS

There are three major ways of maintaining fitness namely:

  1. Wise nutrition
  2. Proper exercise
  3. Relaxation and proper rest

1. Wise nutrition: The kind of food you eat will determine your level wellness. By dieting properly you will stay healthy, strong and happy. Note that a proper diet should contain all the classes of food in their adequate proportions. Avoid eating junks and take fruits instead.

2. Proper exercise: Proper exercise helps us to stay in shape and also to be proactive. Recommended exercises are running, jogging, stretching, jumping, weight lifting, twisting pushups etc. You can design your own exercise programme to suit your lifestyle.

3. Relaxation and rests: rest is very important for the proper function of the body system. Doctor advises minimum of 8 hours of sleep. This is necessary so that your cells recharge and worn out tissues get replaced

Evaluation:-

1. Identify activities for measuring endurance, strength and speed.

2. Describe how endurance, strength and speed are measured.

3. Measure other pupils’ endurance, strength and speed correctly.

  1. List and explain the three major ways of maintaining fitness
  2. __________________________________________
  3. __________________________________________
  4. __________________________________________

 

Class:- Basic 5

Subject:- Physical and Health Education

Week:- 7 and 8

Topic: Gymnastics

Behavioral objective:- At the end of the lesson the pupils should be able to:-

1. Mention some basic activities with apparatus.

2. Perform basic activities with apparatus.

Instructional material/Reference material:- Learn Africa Physical and Health Education UBE edition for primary school book 5.

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge : Students are familiar with sporting activities

Content

GYMNASTIC ACTIVITIES WITH APPARATUS

Gymnastics are activities which are performed on the floor, and with apparatus. Gymnastics can be performed in an open space, indoors or outdoors. Gymnastics refer to exercises adaptable to or carried out in the gymnasium. It involves those performed on the ground and those performed with apparatus.

Floor or ground exercises include the agility or acrobatic feats while apparatus exercises refers to exercises performed on apparatus such as climbing structures like horizontal bar, balance beams, climbing ropes.

GYMNASTIC ACTIVITIES PERFORMED WITH APPARATUS

Gymnastic activities performed with apparatus are –

Swinging with one or two ropes

Skipping

Vaulting

Balancing on the parallel bars

Somersault

Climbing

FLOOR ACTIVITIES

  1. Forward roll
  2. Backward roll
  3. Cartwheel

4. Arab spring

STUNTS

  1. Single stunts
  2. Bent knee
  3. Coffee grinder
  4. Crab walk
  5. Dog run
  6. Partners stunts
  7. Duck walk
  8. Egg sit
  9. Frog jump
  10. Jumping jack PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION SECOND TERM E NOTE FOR BASIC 5 C

PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION SECOND TERM E NOTE FOR BASIC 5

Evaluation

1. Mention 3 basic activities with apparatus.

2. Perform basic activities with apparatus.

3. Name at least five floor activities

4. List three stunts

5. Stunts are exercises performed on the apparatus. True or false?

Class:- Basic 5

Subject:- Physical and Health Education

Week:- 9 and 10

Topic: Recreation

Behavioral objective:- At the end of the lesson the pupils should be able to:-

1. Explain the meaning of recreation.

2. Identify recreational activities.

3. Participate in recreational activities.

4. Mention at least four important of recreation.

Instructional material/Reference material:- Learn Africa Physical and Health Education UBE edition for primary school book 5.

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge : Students are familiar with some recreational activities

Content

MEANING AND IMPORTANCE OF RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES

Recreation is an after work or free time activity. It is done for pressure and enjoyment. Recreation means refreshment or renewal of body and mind. It can be done through any pleasurable exercise. It can also be in the form of play or amusement. Recreation is something that we do to occupy our time in a good way.

Some recreational activities are:

  1. Walking and jogging
  2. Swimming
  3. Gardening
  4. Climbing hills and mountains
  5. Playing games
  6. Visiting people, places and things
  7. Taking part in sports, exercises and many others

IMPORTANCE OF RECREATION

  1. Recreation is good for our amusement. It makes us laugh.
  2. It helps us to exercise and rebuild our body
  3. . activities help us to spend time usefully.j

It also helps us to refresh our minds.

  1. It unites family.
  2. It reduces stress.
  3. It improves life quality.
  4. It promotes healthy quality.
  5. It creates room for friendship.
  6. It enhances friendship skills.
  7. It builds self esteem.
  8. It reduces boredom.
  9. It creates room for enjoyment.
  10. It protects the environment.
  11. It promotes cultural diversity.

16. It increases tourism.

17. It creates space to feel and enjoy nature.

18 It creates place for social interaction

Evaluation:-

1. Explain the meaning of recreation.

2. Identify recreational activities.

3. Mention at least 5 important of recreation.

4. Participate in recreational activities.

Class:- Basic 5

Subject:- Physical and Health Education

Week:- 11

Topic: Introduction to Direction

Behavioral objective:- At the end of the lesson the pupils should be able to identify the four cardinal points

Instructional material/Reference material:- Learn Africa Physical and Health Education UBE edition for primary school book 5.

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge : Students have heard about the North which is one of the four cardinal point Content

INTRODUCTION TO DIRECTION

Direction is the position along which someone or something moves or faces. Direction is used to describe or determine the position of someone or something. Sometimes, it is used as right, left, forward (up) or backward (down).

Geographically, north, south, east and west are used in describing directions. This is called cardinal points.

Cardinal points are the four major directions in space. They are shown on a compass as follows: North (N), South (S), East €, West (W).

A compass is an instrument used to show the direction in space. It has a needle that points north. From that point, many other points can be indicated.

For example:

N = North

NE = North East

NW = North West

E= East

S = South

SE = South East

SW = South West

W = West

FOUR CARDINAL POINTS

1. North

2. South

3. East

4. West

PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION SECOND TERM E NOTE FOR BASIC 5 PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION SECOND TERM E NOTE FOR BASIC 5

IMPORTANCE OF FOUR CARDINAL POINTS

1. It is used to calculate time.

2. It is used to locating places.

3. It is used for directions.

4. It is used for tracking someone or something.

Evaluation:-

1. Mention the four cardinal points.

2. Draw and indicate the four cardinal points.

 

 

 

 

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