Water Projects in Nigeria Basic Science and Technology 2nd Term Primary 6 Week 4

Subject : 

Basic Science and Technology

Term :

Second Term


Week 4

Class :

Primary 6 /  Basic 6


Previous lesson : 

The pupils have previous knowledge of   Responsible Parenthood

in Basic Science in their previous lesson

Topic :

Water Projects

Behavioural objectives :

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • give examples of water projects in Nigeria
  • Mention the benefits of water projects in Nigeria
  • list out the possible hazards of Water projects in Nigeria


Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbook



Water is liquid . Water is made up of two gases which are hydrogen and oxygen . Water is universally needed by everybody in the whole wide  world . Water has no enemy. Most countries  try to preserve and maintain the water level and reserve of their countries .


Uses of Water 

Water is used by individuals , industries or Nations for the following purposes

  • Bathing
  • Drinking
  • Washing
  • Transportation
  • Source of Commerce
  • Sporting Activities
  • Breeding catfish


Sources of Water 

  • Rain
  • Tap
  • Well
  • Sea
  • Oceans
  • Stream
  • River
  • Canals
  • Dams
  • Lake etc

In Nigeria , There are water channels both natural and artificial waterways . These are the types of waterways that we have in Nigeria

  1. Canals
  2. Ports
  3. Lakes
  4. Dams



What are Canals ?

Canals are artificial waterways that allow the movement of sea vehicles like boats or ships . Examples of canals in Nigeria are Charlie Boy bus stop canal , Ajegunle canal , National Art theatre canal etc


What are ports ?

Ports are terminal for ships and large ocean liners or vessels . Ships can load or unload goods in containers at ports . Examples of ports in Nigeria are Apapa ports, Tin Can Island port , Port Harcourt etc


What are lakes ?

Lakes are pools of water that are surrounded by land . Lakes are made to raise or breed sea creatures like catfish , tilapia or other fishes . Lake Chad and Lake Victoria are well known in Nigeria


What are dams ?

Water dams are constructed in order to raise a barrier and restrict  the flow of such water so that it can later be used to generate electricity or water farm lands . Examples of dams in Nigeria are the Kanji dam ,  asejire dam etc



Importance and Benefits  of Water Projects In Nigerian 

  • It is a means of Transportation
  • It serves as source of employment and engagement for people that live in the riverine area
  • It can be used for recreational activities or sports
  • Educational purposes like excursions
  •  Some water projects in Nigeria are built purposely to support large agricultural projects and make water available throughout the year
  • Dams like Kanji dam and others are built to supply Hydro electricity




The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise




The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.



  • What are water projects
  • give examples of water projects in Nigeria
  • Mention four  benefits of water projects in Nigeria
  • list out the possible hazards of Water projects in Nigeria
  • Write out four uses of water
  • What does hazard mean
  • Mention two hazards of water projects




Prepare for the next lesson by reading about Air



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