Common Crimes: Falsehood and Theft







Week : Week 8


Topic :  Common Crimes: Falsehood and Theft


Previous Knowledge : Pupils are conversant with some of the previous topics that have been taught in the previous lessons most especially Natural Talent


Behavioural Objectives : At the end of the lesson , pupils should be able to

  • explain the meaning of crimes
  • give examples of crimes
  • say the rewards of crimes
  • know that crime does not pay

Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks


Content :


Crime can be defined as an offence committed by a person by breaking the rules or laws to which legitimate punishment or sanctions are attached. A crime is a violation of rules or laws by individuals or group of individuals e.g. Falsehood, Theft, Murder, Rape, Fraud, Embezzlement etc.



Falsehood: A statement or assertion known to be untrue and intended to deceive people. It is a willful act or declaration that is contrary to the truth. Falsehood is an untrue statement or the act of lying.

Theft: is an act of stealing. It is the taking of another person’s property without that person’s permission or consent with the intent to deprive the rightful owner of it. It is a criminal act in which property belonging to is taken without another person’s consent.


These are the reasons for falsehood and theft

  1. Poverty
  2. Unemployment
  3. Family neglect
  4. Influence of bad group
  5. Bad value system
  6. Inequality between the rich and the poor is also responsible for the increase in crime rule in the country.
  7. Poverty: Poverty is the state of being poor. When people lack basic needs such as food, clothing, water, shelter etc
  8. Unemployment: This is another cause of crime in the society. The level of unemployment is so high that young graduates are attracted to crime because of joblessness.
  9. Family Neglect: Crime also occurs because of lack of good parenting. Some parents abandoned their children; some do not give proper supervision to their children. This may lead them to joining bad group that may introduce them to crime.
  10. Influence of bad of group: May cause criminal behavior among the young people.
  11. Bad Value System: Corruption now pervades all sectors of the society. This is also responsible for criminal behaviors among individuals in the society.
  12. Inequality between the rich and the poor is also responsible for the increase in crime rate in the country: Ostentatious show of wealth, that social event should be reduced.




The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise



i Define crime

ii List some common crimes in the society

iii Explain the term ‘’falsehood and theft


Simplified Basic Social Studies for Basic 7


1.All these are crimes except—–A]Falsehood B] Murder C]Honesty D]Embezzlement

2.A statement known to be untrue and intended to deceive people is —– A]Falsehood B]Rape C]Murder D]Poverty

3. These are the causes of crimes in the society except———-A]Discipline B]Poverty C] Unemployment D] Bad value system

4. Crime can be defined as ————A] An offence committed by a person for breaking the rules B]Developing the country C]Natural talent D] Ability to tell the truth

5. The taking of another person’s property without permission is —- A]Theft B] Disobey C] Falsehood D]obedience


1. Explain the following crimes:

a. Falsehood and theft

b. Murder

2. Mention and explain five reasons for falsehood and Theft.

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