Literature: Introduction to Figures of Speech

Subject : 

English Studies

Term :

First Term

Week:

Week Eight

Class :

JSS 1

Previous lesson : 

The pupils have previous knowledge of  Composition: Introduction to Letter Writing and Types

Topic :

Comprehension: Unit 9

Composition: Features of an Informal Letter with sample model

Literature: Introduction to Figures of Speech ( Simile, Metaphor, Personification, Alliteration,

Behavioural objectives :

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • say the features of letter writing
  • explain some figures of speech

Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching :a

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation

 

Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks

 

Content :

WEEK EIGHT

Topic: Comprehension: Unit 9

Content: Read and study the use of language.

Evaluation: Attempt the questions in the practices below.

 

Topic: Features of an Informal Letter with sample model

Content:

A. Informal letters are very friendly and casual in their tone. Their greatest distinction from a formal letter is this casualness of tone. Informal letters are never official or excessively polite, nor do they contain much terminology.

B. Informal letters always contain questions pertaining to the person’s well-being, as well as that of those around him, like his family and friends.

C. Informal letters also rely a lot on memories, shared secrets, humorous moments of the past and shared dreams or conversations.

Below is an example of an informal letter, written by a son to his mother. This will help you understand the tone of an informal letter.

 

56,Adeniji Adele Street,

Off Freeman Street ,

Lagos Island ,

Lagos.

12th April., 2017

Dear Ma,

How are you? How’s Dad? And Ben? Is Ben alright? Has he tripped and broken his leg yet again? I can just imagine poor clumsy Ben falling and crying his eyes out. The poor lad does need to be more careful in his wandering. Very soon he’ll turn ten and start calling himself a big boy!

I’m feeling quite excellent here. The academic requirements keep me so busy! I hardly have time to miss you. Though, sometimes, I do miss eating with you people very much. I can’t wait for vacations to begin! I’m going to gorge on all your dishes like there’s no tomorrow!

I’ve started to develop a keen interest in English Language and I’ve been taking an introductory course in it this term. Who knows, I might even major in it! Hopefully, though, my interest in English shouldn’t wane—the way it did for Civic Education, remember, Ma?

I hope Dad’s doing well. And please don’t skip your signature

Informal Letter Template Writing Tips:*.Informal letters are very friendly and casual in their tone. Their greatest distinction from a formal letter is this casualness of tone. Informal letters are never official or excessively polite, nor do they contain much terminology.*.Informal letters always contain questions pertaining to the person’s well-being, as well as that of those around him, like his family and friends.*.Informal letters also rely a lot on memories, shared secrets, humorous moments of the past and shared dreams or conversations.*

.Below is an example of an informal letter, written by a son to his mother. This will help you understand the tone of an informal letter meds, Ma. I miss you guys a lot and I cannot wait to see you.

Yours faithfully,

Samson

Topic: Literature: Introduction to Figures of Speech ( Simile, Metaphor, Personification, Alliteration, Assonance)

A figure of speech is a phrase or word having different meanings than its literal meanings. It conveys meaning by identifying or comparing one thing to another, which has connotation or meaning familiar to the audience. That is why it is helpful in creating vivid rhetorical effect.

Types of Figures of Speech:

There are many types of figures of speech. Here are a few of them with detailed descriptions:

Personification: It occurs when a writer gives human traits to non-human or inanimate objects. It is similar to metaphors and similes that also use comparison between two objects. For instance,“ Hadn’t she felt it in every touch of the sunshine, as its golden finger-tips pressed her lids open and wound their way through her hair?”

Simile

It is a type of comparison between things or objects by using “as” or “like.” See the following example: My heart is like a singing bird, whose nest is in a water’d shoot; My heart is like an apple-tree. My heart is like a rainbow shell…

Metaphor

Metaphor is comparing two unlike objects or things, which may have some common qualities.

Example: He is the dark horse

Tobi is a dog

Evaluation: Write on five types of figures of speech

General Evaluation:

1. Write on the following:

A. Simile

B. Metaphor

C. Assonance

D. Alliteration

Weekend Assignment:

Write a letter to your cousin, telling him/ her of your experience in school.

 

Presentation

 

The topic is presented step by step

 

Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics

 

Step 2.

He introduces the new topic

 

Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise

 

 

Conclusion

The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.

 

 

 

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