Power differs from influence in that it is

  1. persuasive while influence is directive
  2. coercive while influence is harmful
  • C. coercive while influence is persuasive

D. arrogant while influence is corruptive 2

The standing committee of a legislature is one…

  1. whose member stand while delibrating
  2. that has statutory responsibities
  • C. that perform adhoc functions

D. that has legislators as members.


Where the constitution is supreme,unconstitutional acts of the executive and the the legislature can be checked by the courts through

A. recall

  • B. judicial review

C. vote of no confidence

D. impeachment.


central decision-making organ of a confederation is made up of

  1. technocrats appointed by the units
  2. politicians elected from the confederal constituencies
  • C. politicians nominated by the government of member states

D. representatives of pressure groups.


Which of the following is true of a parliamentary system of government?

A. clear seperation of government organs.

  • B. strict operation of bicameral legislature.

C. removal of government by impeachment.

D. adherence to majority rule 6

A major feature of authoritarianism is that government is

  1. consensual
  2. personalized
  • C. centralized

D. decentralized.


The central point of capitalism, as expounded by Karl Marx, is that

  • A. capitalist profit is the surplus value obtained from workers labour
  1. workers are inherently incapable of being owners of their labour
  2. capitalists shall always increase worker earning capacity through wages
  3. capitslists shall always readily consent to workers welfare demands.


A constitution that requires a plebiscite or a referendum to be amended is

  1. rigid
  2. unwritten
  • C. flexible

D. written 9

An important function of a constitution is that it

  1. provide a framework for the study of government
  2. facilities cross-fertilization of ideas of governance
  • C. serves as the fountian head of authority for the execise of power

D. promotes citizen participation in government and administration.


when a bill passed by the legislature is vetoed by the executive, the action underscores the principle

  1. probity and accountability
  2. separation of powers
  3. collective responsibility
  • D. checks and balances.


In the legislative process, a bill is pass

  1. motion accepted for debate
  2. motion rejected after debate
  • C. proposal before the legislature

D. law pass by the legislature.


One of the advantages of a bicameral over a unicameral legislature is that it

  1. is cheap to maintain
  2. promotes social equality
  3. takes less time for the bills to be passed
  • D. prevents the passage of ill-considered bills.


The fundamental rights of citizens include rights the following except?

  • A. free education, employment and freedom of thought
  1. life, speech and association
  2. life, liberty and property
  3. association,property and social security.


The manipulation of boundaries of constituencies in order to win more seats is called

  1. devolution
  2. rigging
  • C. gerrymandering

D. delimitation


One argument against a multi-party system is the

  1. encouragement of opposition and instability
  2. banning of interest groups
  3. inability to attract foreign assistance
  • D. high cost of conducting election


Associational interest groups are organized to

  • A. further the interest of members
  1. specifically lobby the government
  2. support the government
  3. achieve goals affecting other associations.


public opinion is a view that is

  • A. held by the majority
  1. active in the public realm
  2. widely publicized
  3. no longer a secret.


The political neutrality of civil servants implies that they

  1. are not allowed to join any organisation or group
  2. have no dealings with politicians
  • C. are not allowed to be involved in partisan politics

D. are not allowed to vote.


The idea of making the civil service permanent, neutral and anonymous is to

  • A. enhance efficiency in administration
  1. ensure loyalty and support
  2. prevent opposition to government
  3. make civil servants a founctional elite.


The western zone of the Sokoto caliphate was administered from

  1. kebbi
  2. Ilorin
  3. Bida
  • D. Gwandu.


Some pre-colonial Nigerian societies are described as stateless because

  • A. they had no formal governmental institutions
  1. they had no definite political boundaries
  2. their population was too small
  3. they were not independent.


The method used by the British to facilitate the administration of Southern Nigeria was

  1. persuation
  2. dialogue
  • C. divide and rule

D. trade association.


A major function of the warrant chiefs was to

  1. prevent tribal wars
  2. supervise native courts and markets
  3. stop ritual killings
  • D. take charge of local administration. 24

After 1945, the demand of African nationalists changed from reform to independence because

  1. colonial rule became less oppressive
  2. colonial rule was in disarray
  • C. the second world war boosted their morale

D. the second world war enhanced colonial rule.


When Nigeria achieved independence in 1960, the head of state was the

  1. president
  2. prime minister
  3. Governor-General
  • D. Queen of England 26

Delegated legislature becomes unavoidable when

  1. legislators cannot reach a consensus
  2. issues under consideration are personal
  • C. issues under consideration are technical

D. legislators have to proceed on a recess.


One major disadvantage of public opinion is that

A. the critics of government policies are always harassed

  • B. a vocal minority claims to represent the majority

C. gossip and rumours thrive

D. leaders are unncessarily criticized.


Citizenship in a modern state expresses the status of a person who possesses

  • A. full political rights
  1. some religious rights
  2. social right only
  3. exclusive economic rights.


Communism is a system which recognizes

  • A. class stratification
  1. the existence of the state
  2. the existence of the individual
  3. the ability of the individual


The delineation of constituencies is a major duty of the

  1. national assembly
  2. political parties
  3. boundary commission
  • D. electoral commission 31

The structure of the civil service is based on

  1. lateral organisation
  2. merit system
  3. patronage system
  • D. hierachical organisation 32

A common feature of a multi-party system is that government is formed by

  1. the major political party
  2. all the registered political parties
  3. a coalition of political parties
  • D. the party with the highest votes.


To qualify for absorption into the administration cadre of the civil service in Nigeria, an applicant must be

A. knowledgable in civil services rule

  • B. a holder of a first university degree

C. specifically trained in public administration

D. a senior civil serv.ant 34

The final interpretation pf the provisions of a federal constitution is vested in the

  1. head of state
  2. council of state
  3. highest legislative body
  • D. highest court of the land .


A major issue that distinguishes pressure groups from political parties is

A. membership drive

  • B. the objective

C. the voting pattern

D. idealogy.


Proportional representation is a system of allocating seats in the legislature based on

  1. gender participation in polities
  2. an area
  3. contribution to the national economy
  • D. total votes in an election. 37

The application of the principle of separation of powers seems impracticable because powers is

  1. delegated
  2. centralized
  • C. fused

D. separated


When did Nigeria gain her Independence?

  1. 1st October, 1963
  2. 31st October, 1690
  3. 1st October, 2012
  • D. 1st October, 1960

E. 12th October, 1992 39

The central legislature of Nigeria became bicameral in A. 1960

B. 1951

C. 1959

  • D. 1963


Which of these constitutions recognized local government as a third tier of government in Nigeria?

  1. 1946 Constitution.
  2. 1960 Constitution.
  3. 1963 Constitution.
  • D. 1979 Constitution.

The process by which electorates remove elected official is called 41

A. impeachment

  • B. re-call

C. vote of no confidence

D. referendum 42.

The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is an organ of the

  1. African Union
  2. Commonwealth of Nations
  • C. United Nations

D. New Partnership for Africa’s Development


Nigeria joined the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) in

A. 1970

  • B. 1971

C. 1972

D. 1973


International Criminal Court (ICC) has its headquarters in

  • A. Hagues, Netherlands
  1. Vienna, Austria
  2. New York, United States
  3. Ottawa, Canada 45

current Secretary-General of the United Nations is

  1. Ban Ki-moon
  2. Filippo Grandi
  3. Jorge Sampaio
  • D. Antonio Guterres


The Nigerian Youth Movement collapsed as the result of

  1. its failure to win election
  2. shortage of funds to run its affairs
  3. the harassment of its leadership by government.
  • D. the breakup of its leadership. 47

The first restructure of the Nigerian Federation took place with the

  • A. creation of mid-west Region in 1963
  1. abolition of federalism in 1966
  2. military counter-coup in 1966
  3. creation of states in 1967


The land use decree of 1978 vested the ownership of land in Nigeria in the

  1. local chiefs
  2. local govrnments
  • C. state governments

D. federal governments 49

The main source of financing local government in Nigeria is

  1. internal revenue generation
  2. statutory revenue allocation
  3. special state grants
  4. grants-in-aid


The most remarkable legacy of the 1976 Local Government Reform in Nigeria was the introduction of

  1. the office of sole administrators
  2. caretaker management committees
  • C. uniformity in struture and functions

D. the third tier of government.


The Murtala/Obasanjo regime in Nigeria increased the number of states from

A. 4 to 12

  • B. 12 to 19

C. 19 to 20

D. 30 to 36 52

The major factor influenced the formulation of Nigerian foreign policy in the First Republic was

A. geographical location

  • B. the colonial legacy

C. economic consideration

D. the parliamentary system


The Barclay’s Bank and the British Petroleum Company in Nigeria were nationalized in the late 1970’s for transacting business with

A. France

  • B. South Africa

C. Portugal

D. Libya 54

South-South cooperation is a major policy plan on which Nigeria bases her relations with

  1. developed countries
  2. countries of the southern hemisphere
  • C. developing countries

D. member countries of OAU


Nigeria’s recognition of the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola to lead that country was made under

A. General Yakubu Gowon

  • B. General Murtala Mohammed

C. General Muhammadu Buhari

D. General Ibrahim Babangida 56

The first Nigerian Permanent Representative to the United Nations was

A. Alhaji Yusuf Maitama Sule

  • B. General Joseph Garba

C. Professor Ibrahim Gambari

D. Cheif Samuel Adebo 57

In 1981,Nigeria participated in an Organization of African Unity peace-keeping force to replace Libyan forces in…..

A. Somalia

  • B. Chad

C. Ethiopia

D. Zaire 58

During the Civil War, the major power that expressed moral support for Biafra’s self- determination was

  • A. France
  1. China
  2. the United States
  3. Great Britain 59

Nigeria’s withdrawal from the Edinburgh Commonwealth Games in July 1986 was in protest against British

  1. support for UNITA rebels in Angola
  2. supply of arms to Rhodesia
  • C. failure to impose sanctions on South Africa

D. negative utterances on Nigeria 60

The major demand of the Third World countries on the United Nations in recent times is the

  • A. expansion of the permanent membership of the security Council
  1. post of the Secretary-General of the organization
  2. withdrawal of the veto power from the security council
  3. enforcement of resolutions on the super powers