AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE. JSS 1 TYPES OF AGRICULTURE.

WEEK 3
DATE:……………………………………
SUBJECT: AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE.
CLASS: JS 1

 

TOPIC: TYPES OF AGRICULTURE.
Sub–Matter
1: Forms of Agriculture
     There
are two kinds of agriculture. They embody:

Subsistence Agriculture

Industrial Agriculture.
SUBSISTENCE
AGRICULTURE
:
That is the kind of agriculture
whereby a farmer produces meals sufficient to feed himself and his household, with
little or extra on the market. No matter he sells serves as revenue to the household.
Traits of Subsistence Agriculture

Produces purposely for household consumption.

Small land is used for manufacturing

Farmer and his relations do the
labour.

Easy farm instruments like hoe, cutlass,
spade, rake and many others. are used.

Many crops are planted on the identical
plot. e.g. maize, melon, yam, greens. In different phrases, he practices blended
cropping system.

Fertilizers, herbicides, pesticides
are usually not used generally.

Often owned by peasant farmers.

No specialization on any specific
crop.

Small capital is required by the
farmer.
Industrial
Agriculture
That is the kind of agriculture
whereby a farmer produces purposely on the market. His need is to make most
revenue. It’s due to this fact a profit-oriented enterprise/enterprise.
Traits
of Industrial Agriculture

Produce purposely on the market to make
most revenue.

Massive space of land is used as a
consequence large-scale manufacturing is made.

Employed and expert employees are used
for labour.

Fashionable farm, implements are used.

Mono-cropping system is often
practiced e.g. solely maize or rice due to the usage of farm machines in farm
operation.

Fertilizers, herbicides pesticides
and plenty of different chemical substances are used

It’s often owned authorities or
restricted corporations.

It results in specialization on
sure kinds of crops.

Massive capital is concerned.
EVALUATION
·
Outline Subsistence Agriculture
·
Checklist (4) 4 traits of
subsistence agriculture.
·
Outline business agriculture.
·
Checklist the traits of
business agriculture.
Sub
– Matter 2: Distinction between Subsistence and Industrial Agriculture
.
    
SUBSISTENCE
AGRICULTURE
COMMERCIAL
AGRICULTURE

Produces purposely for
household consumption

Small land is required
for manufacturing

Easy farm instruments e.g.
cutlass, hoe, axe, spade, rake, watering can and many others.

Many crops are planted on
the identical plot (blended cropping system) which doesn’t encourage mechanization
Household labour is used
      .
Small capital is concerned

It’s personal by peasant
farmers

Fertilizers, chemical substances
e.g. herbicides, pesticides are usually not usually used.

Produces purposely for
sale to make revenue

Massive space of land is
required for manufacturing

Fashionable farm equipment
e.g. Bulldozer, tractors, planters, mixed harvesters, air craft and many others.

Just one crop is planted
on similar land which inspires mechanization

Employed and expert employees
are used for labour

Massive capital is concerned

Personal by Governments or
Restricted Firms.

Herbicides, Pesticides
and plenty of different chemical substances are used.
EVALUATION

State 5 variations between
subsistence agriculture and business agriculture.

 

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