Learning Safety and First Aid for Primary 2 Physical and Health Education Primary 2 Third Term Lesson Notes Week 5

Learn about safety education and first aid treatment in Primary 2. Understand how to keep safe and know what to do in emergencies.


Here’s a detailed lesson plan presentation for Primary 2 Third Term Week 5 on the topic of safety education, focusing on first aid treatment. This lesson plan follows a student-centered approach with emphasis on key components.


Lesson Plan

  • Subject: Physical and Health Education
  • Class: Primary 2
  • Term: Third Term
  • Week: 5
  • Topic: Safety Education
  • Sub-topic: First Aid Treatment
  • Duration: 60 minutes
  • Behavioral Objectives: By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:
    • Understand what first aid treatment is.
    • Learn safety measures for first aid treatment.
    • Identify steps to take during an emergency.
  • Key Words: Safety, first aid, emergency, treatment, accident.
  • Entry Behaviour: Pupils have a basic understanding of accidents and know they should seek help from an adult when someone is hurt.
  • Learning Resources and Materials:
    • First aid kit (with bandages, antiseptic wipes, gauze)
    • Picture charts of safety measures
    • Workbooks and worksheets
  • Building Background / Connection to Prior Knowledge:
    • Pupils are familiar with previous lessons on being safe at home and in school.
    • They know to ask for help from adults.
  • Embedded Core Skills:
    • Critical thinking
    • Problem-solving
    • Communication
  • Learning Materials:
    • Lagos State Scheme of Work
    • Reference books and online resources
    • Textbooks and workbooks
  • Instructional Materials:
    • First aid kit 🩹
    • Picture charts 📊
    • Worksheets 📄


Meaning of Safety Education: 🛡️

  • Safety education teaches us how to stay safe.
  • It helps us avoid accidents and know what to do in emergencies.

2. Safety Education Conditions for First Aid Treatment:

  • Stay Calm: 😌
    • Stay calm and think about what to do.
  • Ask for Help: 📞
    • Call an adult for help if someone is hurt.
  • Check for Breathing: 👃
    • Look and listen to see if the person is breathing.
  • Stop Bleeding: 🩸
    • Use a clean cloth to press on a cut if it’s bleeding.
  • Clean Wounds: 💧
    • Wash a cut with water.
    • Use a bandage to cover the cut.
  • Avoid Touching: 🚫
    • Don’t touch sharp or hot things.
  • Wash Hands: 🧼
    • Wash your hands after helping someone.
  • Tell an Adult: 🗣️
    • Always tell an adult if someone is hurt.
  • Know Emergency Numbers: 📱
    • Learn important numbers to call in an emergency.
    • Example: 112 is the emergency number in Nigeria.

Encourage pupils to follow these safety rules to stay safe and help others in case of an emergency.

First Aid and Safety Education

Class Activity Discussion

  1. What is safety education?
    • Safety education teaches us how to stay safe and avoid harm.
  2. Why is safety education important?
    • It helps us know how to prevent accidents and take care of ourselves and others.
  3. What should you do if someone is hurt?
    • Tell an adult and ask for help.
  4. How do you stay calm in an emergency?
    • Take deep breaths and think about what to do next.
  5. How do you stop bleeding?
    • Press a clean cloth on the wound to stop the bleeding.
  6. What should you do after helping someone?
    • Wash your hands with soap and water.
  7. How do you check if someone is breathing?
    • Look at their chest to see if it’s moving and listen for breathing sounds.
  8. Why should you avoid touching sharp or hot objects?
    • They can cause injuries and burns.
  9. What number should you call in an emergency in Nigeria?
    • Call 112 for emergency help.
  10. How do you clean a cut?
    • Rinse the cut with water and use a clean cloth to dry it.
  11. What should you use to cover a wound?
    • Use a clean bandage or cloth to cover the wound.
  12. Why should you tell an adult if you or someone else is hurt?
    • They can help and know what to do in an emergency.
  13. What can you do to avoid accidents at home?
    • Stay away from sharp objects and hot things. Be careful around water.
  14. How can you learn safety education?
    • Listen to your teacher and follow the rules for staying safe.
  15. What should you do if you see something dangerous?
    • Tell an adult and stay away from it.

Lagos State Emergency Services and Call Numbers Security Education Primary 4 Third Term Week 8

  • Presentation:
    • Step 1: Revises the previous topic on home and school safety.
      • Teacher’s Activities: Ask pupils about safety rules at home and school.
      • Learners’ Activities: Pupils share their understanding and experiences.
    • Step 2: Introduces the new topic of first aid treatment.
      • Teacher’s Activities: Explain the meaning of first aid and when it is needed.
      • Learners’ Activities: Listen and ask questions for better understanding.
    • Step 3: Discusses the conditions for first aid treatment.
      • Teacher’s Activities: Demonstrate using the first aid kit. Explain each item and when to use it.
      • Learners’ Activities: Observe the demonstration and ask questions.
  • Teacher’s Activities: Guide pupils in understanding the topic, answer their questions, and provide examples.
  • Learners’ Activities: Listen, ask questions, and practice with the teacher’s guidance.


  • Observe pupils as they practice using the first aid kit.
  • Ask questions to check their understanding.
  1. Safety education teaches us how to ____. a) Play games
    b) Stay safe
    c) Eat food
    d) Watch TV
  2. If someone is hurt, you should ____. a) Walk away
    b) Play with them
    c) Ask for help
    d) Ignore them
  3. To stop bleeding, use a ____. a) Toy
    b) Clean cloth
    c) Brush
    d) Pillow
  4. Wash your hands after ____. a) Eating
    b) Sleeping
    c) Playing
    d) Helping someone
  5. If someone is not breathing, you should ____. a) Call an adult
    b) Give them water
    c) Cover them with a blanket
    d) Sing a song
  6. In an emergency, you should call ____ in Nigeria. a) 911
    b) 119
    c) 112
    d) 111
  7. A bandage can be used to cover a ____. a) Cut
    b) Pencil
    c) Cup
    d) Hat
  8. You should tell an adult if ____. a) You are tired
    b) Someone is hurt
    c) You are hungry
    d) It is raining
  9. Safety education helps us learn how to ____. a) Sing songs
    b) Ride a bike
    c) Avoid accidents
    d) Draw pictures
  10. When you see something dangerous, ____. a) Touch it
    b) Run away
    c) Stay and play
    d) Tell an adult
  11. If you see a sharp object, you should ____. a) Use it
    b) Touch it
    c) Avoid it
    d) Hide it
  12. Always use a ____ to cover a cut. a) Plate
    b) Bandage
    c) Cup
    d) Paint
  13. After a wound is cleaned, you should ____. a) Keep it open
    b) Cover it
    c) Put water on it
    d) Ignore it
  14. To stay safe, you should ____ at home. a) Run around
    b) Touch everything
    c) Follow safety rules
    d) Play with fire
  15. When helping someone, you should ____. a) Wash your hands
    b) Play music
    c) Eat food
    d) Ride a bike

These questions help pupils learn about safety education and how to handle first aid treatment.

First Aid and Materials

Evaluation Questions

  1. What is first aid?
  2. Why is it important to know first aid?
  3. What is the first thing you should do if someone is hurt?
  4. Name one thing you can use to stop bleeding.
  5. What should you do after using first aid on someone?
  6. What is an antiseptic wipe used for?
  7. Why is it important to stay calm in an emergency?
  8. What should you do if you see someone who is not breathing?
  9. Who should you ask for help if someone is hurt?
  10. What should you tell an adult if you or someone else is hurt?


  • Go around to check pupils’ understanding and provide help.
  • Make necessary corrections and summarize the topic.
  • Assign practice exercises to reinforce learning.

This lesson plan provides a thorough approach to teaching pupils about first aid treatment and how to stay safe.

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