Sūratul-Fatihah recitation translation importance uses Islamic Religious Studies Primary 4 Second Term Lesson Notes Week 1

Subject: Islamic Religious Studies

Class: Primary 4

Term: Second Term

Week: 1

Topic: Sūratul-Fatihah

Sub-topic: Recitation, Translation, Importance, and Uses

Duration: 45 minutes

Entry Behaviour: Students are expected to have basic knowledge of Arabic alphabets and some familiarity with Islamic prayers.

Key Words:

  • Sūratul-Fatihah
  • Recitation
  • Translation
  • Importance
  • Uses

Behavioural Objectives: By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

  • Recite Sūratul-Fatihah in Arabic and transliteration.
  • Explain the English translation of Sūratul-Fatihah.
  • Illustrate the importance and uses of Sūratul-Fatihah in their daily lives.

Embedded Core Skills:

  • Oral communication
  • Comprehension
  • Critical thinking
  • Religious literacy

Learning Materials:

  • Lagos State Scheme of Work
  • The Holy Quran
  • Islamic Textbook Book 3




  • Arabic: Begin with “Bismillahir-Rahmanir-Rahim” and recite “Alhamdu lillahi Rabbil ‘alamin…”
  • Transliteration: Start with “Bismillahir-Rahmanir-Rahim” and say “Alhamdu lillahi Rabbil ‘alamin…”


  • English: “In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful. All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the worlds…”

Importance and Uses:

  1. Connection with Allah: It’s like saying “hello” to Allah, showing love and respect.
  2. Guidance: Teaches us about Allah’s mercy, power, and guidance.
  3. Daily Prayers: We recite it in every unit of our prayers, showing its importance.
  4. Protection: It shields us from evil and guides us towards righteousness.
  5. Unity: Muslims all over the world recite it, creating a bond of unity.

Remember, Sūratul-Fatihah is like a special key that opens the doors to our prayers and connects us with Allah 🌟.


Class Discussions about Sūratul-Fatihah:

  1. What is Sūratul-Fatihah?
    • Sūratul-Fatihah is the first chapter of the Quran, consisting of seven verses.
  2. Why is it important to recite Sūratul-Fatihah?
    • Reciting Sūratul-Fatihah is essential in our prayers as it acts as a conversation with Allah and expresses praise and gratitude.
  3. Can you explain the meaning of “Bismillahir-Rahmanir-Rahim”?
    • “Bismillahir-Rahmanir-Rahim” means “In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.” It is a reminder of Allah’s mercy and compassion.
  4. How does Sūratul-Fatihah guide us?
    • Sūratul-Fatihah provides guidance by teaching us about Allah’s attributes, reminding us of His mercy, power, and guidance.
  5. Do we recite Sūratul-Fatihah only in prayers?
    • While it’s primarily recited in prayers, Sūratul-Fatihah can also be recited for seeking protection, guidance, and blessings in daily life.
  6. Is there a specific time to recite Sūratul-Fatihah?
    • It can be recited at any time, but it holds special significance during prayers, especially in the first unit (rak’ah).
  7. Why is Sūratul-Fatihah called “The Opening”?
    • It’s called “The Opening” because it opens the Quran and serves as a gateway to understanding its message and guidance.
  8. Does Sūratul-Fatihah have any protective qualities?
    • Yes, reciting Sūratul-Fatihah is believed to provide protection from evil and guide us towards righteousness.
  9. Can children recite Sūratul-Fatihah?
    • Yes, children are encouraged to learn and recite Sūratul-Fatihah as it’s an essential part of Islamic prayers and daily life.
  10. What is the significance of reciting Sūratul-Fatihah in Arabic?
    • Reciting it in Arabic preserves the original words and meanings as revealed by Allah, enhancing its spiritual impact and connection.

Evaluation :

  1. Sūratul-Fatihah is the ______________ chapter of the Quran.
    • a) First
    • b) Last
    • c) Middle
    • d) Tenth
  2. The recitation of Sūratul-Fatihah starts with the phrase ______________.
    • a) Alhamdulillah
    • b) Bismillahir-Rahmanir-Rahim
    • c) SubhanAllah
    • d) Allahu Akbar
  3. “Bismillahir-Rahmanir-Rahim” means “In the name of ______________.”
    • a) The Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
    • b) The Almighty, the All-Knowing
    • c) The Forgiving, the Merciful
    • d) The Creator, the Sustainer
  4. Sūratul-Fatihah consists of ______________ verses.
    • a) Five
    • b) Six
    • c) Seven
    • d) Eight
  5. Reciting Sūratul-Fatihah in prayers is a way to ______________.
    • a) Praise the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)
    • b) Communicate with Allah
    • c) Seek forgiveness from other people
    • d) Perform a ritualistic act
  6. Sūratul-Fatihah teaches us about Allah’s ______________.
    • a) Anger and Punishment
    • b) Mercy and Guidance
    • c) Power and Authority
    • d) Wealth and Prosperity
  7. Sūratul-Fatihah is also known as ______________.
    • a) The Conclusion
    • b) The Revelation
    • c) The Opener
    • d) The Reminder
  8. Reciting Sūratul-Fatihah can provide ______________ from evil.
    • a) Protection
    • b) Wealth
    • c) Fame
    • d) Happiness
  9. Muslims recite Sūratul-Fatihah in every ______________ of their prayers.
    • a) Second
    • b) Third
    • c) Fourth
    • d) Unit (Rak’ah)
  10. Sūratul-Fatihah serves as a ______________ to understanding the Quran’s message.
    • a) Barrier
    • b) Gateway
    • c) Roadblock
    • d) Distraction
  11. The phrase “Rabbil ‘alamin” in Sūratul-Fatihah refers to ______________.
    • a) The Lord of the worlds
    • b) The Creator of the sun
    • c) The Guardian of the angels
    • d) The Provider of water
  12. Reciting Sūratul-Fatihah daily helps in ______________ with Allah.
    • a) Building a relationship
    • b) Winning a competition
    • c) Finding a job
    • d) Acquiring knowledge
  13. Sūratul-Fatihah is recited in ______________, not just during prayers.
    • a) Dreams
    • b) Meetings
    • c) Dua (supplication)
    • d) Movies
  14. “Alhamdu lillahi Rabbil ‘alamin” expresses ______________ to Allah.
    • a) Gratitude
    • b) Displeasure
    • c) Indifference
    • d) Envy
  15. Learning to recite Sūratul-Fatihah is encouraged for ______________.
    • a) Adults only
    • b) Children only
    • c) Everyone
    • d) Scholars


Step 1: Revision

  • The teacher revises the previous topic, which was the importance of Salah (prayer) in Islam.

Step 2: Introduction of New Topic

  • The teacher introduces the new topic, Sūratul-Fatihah, explaining that it is the opening chapter of the Quran and holds significant importance in Islamic worship.

Step 3: Teacher’s Activities:

  1. The teacher recites Sūratul-Fatihah in Arabic, emphasizing proper pronunciation.
  2. The teacher explains the meaning of each verse in English, ensuring students understand the translation.
  3. The teacher discusses the importance of Sūratul-Fatihah in daily prayers and its role in connecting Muslims with Allah.
  4. The teacher provides examples of how Sūratul-Fatihah can be used for guidance, protection, and seeking blessings in various situations.

Learners Activities:

  1. Students repeat after the teacher to practice reciting Sūratul-Fatihah in Arabic and transliteration.
  2. Students listen attentively and participate in discussions about the meaning and importance of Sūratul-Fatihah.
  3. Students share their understanding of how Sūratul-Fatihah can be applied in their daily lives.


  • The teacher assesses students’ understanding through oral questions and discussions.
  • Students’ ability to recite Sūratul-Fatihah accurately and explain its meaning is evaluated.

Evaluation Questions:

  1. What is the topic of today’s lesson?
  2. Can you recite Sūratul-Fatihah in Arabic?
  3. What does “Bismillahir-Rahmanir-Rahim” mean?
  4. Why is Sūratul-Fatihah important in Islamic prayers?
  5. How many verses are there in Sūratul-Fatihah?
  6. What are the uses of Sūratul-Fatihah in Muslims’ lives?
  7. Can you explain the English translation of Sūratul-Fatihah?
  8. When do Muslims recite Sūratul-Fatihah in their prayers?
  9. How does Sūratul-Fatihah provide guidance to Muslims?
  10. Give an example of when you can recite Sūratul-Fatihah for protection.


  • The teacher goes round to mark and provide feedback on students’ participation and understanding of the topic. Any misconceptions are clarified, and further resources for independent study are provided.


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