Review of Indirect speech Structure English Grammar Primary 6 First Term Lesson Notes Week 8

Class: Primary 6

Subject: Grammar

Topic: Indirect Speech

Duration: 45 minutes

Term: First Term

Week: 8

Previous Knowledge: Students should have basic knowledge of direct speech and sentence structure.

Set Induction: Begin the lesson with a brief recap of direct speech. Ask students to provide examples of direct speech and explain how it is different from indirect speech.

Behavioral Objectives:

  1. To understand the concept of indirect speech.
  2. To learn how to convert direct speech into indirect speech.
  3. To practice constructing sentences in indirect speech.

Embedded Core Skills: Grammar, Communication, Writing

Learning Materials:

  • Chalkboard/Whiteboard
  • Chalk/markers
  • Sentences in direct speech
  • Sentences for conversion into indirect speech

Teaching Methods:

  • Interactive discussion
  • Examples and practice exercises


  1. Begin by explaining what indirect speech is and why it is used.
  2. Provide examples of direct speech sentences.
  3. Teach the rules and changes required to convert direct speech into indirect speech.


Indirect Speech:

  1. What is it? Indirect speech is a way to report what someone else has said without quoting their exact words.
  2. Why use it? We use indirect speech to:
    • Show what someone said more politely.
    • Share what someone said without using their exact words.

Examples of Direct Speech and Indirect Sentences:

Direct Speech: She said, “I love ice cream.”

Indirect Speech: She said that she loved ice cream.

Direct Speech: Tom said, “I will go to the park.”

Indirect Speech: Tom said that he would go to the park.

Rules and Changes for Indirect Speech:

  1. Change pronouns:
    • I → She, He, or They
    • You → We, They, or You
    • He/She → They
    • My → Her, His, or Their
  2. Change verb tenses:
    • Simple present → Simple past
    • Will → Would
    • Am/is/are → Was/were
  3. Change time expressions:
    • Now → Then
    • Today → That day
    • Tomorrow → The next day
  4. Add conjunctions like ‘that’ after the reporting verb.

So, in indirect speech, we report what others say by making these changes. It helps us communicate in a more organized and polite way.


Direct Speech Indirect Speech
Tosin said, “I am going to the market.” Tosin said that she was going to the market.
Hassan said, “I will visit my grandmother.” Hassan said that he would visit his grandmother.
Akorede said, “I have finished my homework.” Akorede said that he had finished his homework.
Adigun said, “I like playing football.” Adigun said that he liked playing football.
Daniel said, “I can swim in the pool.” Daniel said that he could swim in the pool.
Kareem said, “I am reading a book.” Kareem said that he was reading a book.
Bashorun said, “I’ll come to the party.” Bashorun said that he would come to the party.
Balogun said, “I’m meeting with Mr. Smith.” Balogun said that he was meeting with Mr. Smith.
Ogunkanmi said, “I have a new bicycle.” Ogunkanmi said that he had a new bicycle.
Kehinde said, “I visited my grandparents.” Kehinde said that she had visited her grandparents.
Darasimi said, “I’m playing with my dog.” Darasimi said that she was playing with her dog.
Joseph said, “I’m eating a delicious cake.” Joseph said that he was eating a delicious cake.
Segun said, “I will travel to Lagos.” Segun said that he would travel to Lagos.
Bolujo said, “I have finished my work.” Bolujo said that he had finished his work.
Anthony said, “I’m going to a concert.” Anthony said that he was going to a concert.
Bola said, “I’ll call you later.” Bola said that she would call later.
Tinubu said, “I’m studying for the test.” Tinubu said that he was studying for the test.
Ahmed said, “I bought a new phone.” Ahmed said that he had bought a new phone.
Peter said, “I can solve math problems.” Peter said that he could solve math problems.
Janet said, “I will meet you at the library.” Janet said that she would meet at the library




  1. Indirect speech is a way of __________ what someone else has said. a) repeating b) understanding c) ignoring d) changing
  2. Indirect speech is used to report what someone else has said without using __________ speech. a) direct b) funny c) written d) imaginative
  3. In direct speech, we use quotation marks to show the exact __________ of the speaker. a) meaning b) emotions c) words d) volume
  4. When converting direct speech into indirect speech, we often change the __________ of the speaker. a) clothes b) name c) words d) hairstyle
  5. In indirect speech, we generally move the __________ and the verb. a) noun b) adjective c) pronoun d) subject
  6. For example, “I am going to the park” becomes “He said that he __________ going to the park.” a) was b) is c) am d) be
  7. We change “can” to “__________” when reporting indirect speech. a) will b) could c) can d) might
  8. In indirect speech, we usually change the tense of the verb one step __________. a) backward b) forward c) larger d) similar
  9. “She said, ‘I like chocolate'” becomes “She said that she __________ chocolate.” a) liked b) likes c) liking d) like
  10. We change “here” to “__________” when reporting indirect speech. a) there b) now c) yesterday d) today
  11. Indirect speech is often used when we’re sharing information, __________, or stories. a) opinions b) secrets c) questions d) quizzes
  12. We use indirect speech to make our __________ more accurate and concise. a) lives b) sentences c) stories d) dreams
  13. When reporting a question in indirect speech, we often use “__________” instead of “Did.” a) can b) should c) could d) would
  14. “Direct speech” and “____________” are two common ways of reporting speech. a) Written speech b) Indirect speech c) Shouting d) Singing
  15. In indirect speech, we need to be aware of the __________ of tense changes and pronoun changes. a) speed b) complexity c) distance d) amount of rain.


Presentation: Step 1: Start by revising direct speech. Provide sentences like “She said, ‘I am going to the park’.”

Step 2: Explain how the sentence can be changed to indirect speech, such as “She said that she was going to the park.”

Step 3: Provide more examples and practice exercises for students to convert sentences into indirect speech.

Teacher’s Activities:

  • Explain the concept of indirect speech.
  • Provide examples and explanations.
  • Lead discussions and practice exercises.

Learners Activities:

  • Listen and understand the concept.
  • Participate in discussions.
  • Practice converting sentences into indirect speech.


  • Assess students by giving them sentences in direct speech and asking them to convert them into indirect speech.
  • Ask students to construct their own sentences in indirect speech to check their understanding.

By following this review, students can strengthen their understanding of indirect speech and practice converting direct speech into indirect speech effectively.

Spread the word if you find this helpful! Click on any social media icon to share