Sources of Danger and Insecurity Food Poisoning Security Education Primary 2 First Term Lesson Notes Week 5

Lesson Plan Presentation

Topic: Sources of Danger and Insecurity in Food Poisoning

Grade: Primary 2

Term: First Term

Week: 5

Learning Objectives:

  1. Identify common sources of danger and insecurity related to food poisoning.
  2. Understand basic safety measures to prevent food poisoning.
  3. Describe the effects of food poisoning.

Embedded Core Skills:

  • Reading comprehension
  • Critical thinking
  • Communication

Learning Materials:

  • Whiteboard and markers
  • Pictures of contaminated food
  • Handwashing station (for demonstration)
  • Sample food safety posters

Reference Materials:

  • Textbook: Food Safety for Kids
  • Visual aids on food safety
  • Online resources (for further reading)

Previous Lesson: Sources of Danger and Insecurity – Suspicious Movement

Set Induction:

  1. Begin the lesson by showing pictures of various food items (e.g., raw chicken, unwashed vegetables, expired milk).
  2. Ask the students to describe what they see in the pictures.
  3. Encourage them to think about whether these foods are safe to eat or not.
  4. Engage in a brief discussion about the importance of safe food handling.


What happens that causes food poisoning?

Food poisoning happens when we eat food that’s gone bad or is contaminated. It can make us sick. 😷

There are different types of food poisoning. Let me explain with examples:

  1. Bacterial Food Poisoning: This is when harmful germs or bacteria get into our food. 🦠 An example is when we leave cooked rice out for too long, and bacteria grow, making us sick.
  2. Chemical Food Poisoning: Sometimes, chemicals like pesticides or cleaning products can get into our food. 🧪 It’s like if you accidentally put soap in your juice, and then you drink it. That’s not good!
  3. Toxin-Mediated Food Poisoning: Certain foods can produce toxins if they’re not handled or cooked properly. 🍤 For instance, if seafood isn’t fresh or cooked well, it can make us sick.
  4. Viral Food Poisoning: Viruses can also cause food poisoning. 🦠🍔 For example, if someone with a stomach virus prepares your food without washing their hands, you could get sick too.

Remember to wash your hands before eating, store food safely, and make sure your food is cooked properly. Stay safe and healthy! 😄🍽️

Some common effects of food poisoning:

  1. Stomach Pain: Food poisoning often causes severe stomach cramps and abdominal pain.
  2. Nausea: It can lead to a strong feeling of sickness in the stomach, which may make you want to vomit.
  3. Vomiting: One of the most common symptoms of food poisoning is throwing up.
  4. Diarrhea: Food poisoning can cause frequent and watery bowel movements.
  5. Fever: Many types of food poisoning can result in a high body temperature, leading to fever.
  6. Headaches: Some people may experience headaches as a result of food poisoning.
  7. Muscle Aches: You might feel achy and have muscle pain.
  8. Dehydration: Frequent vomiting and diarrhea can lead to dehydration, which is a serious concern.
  9. Fatigue: Food poisoning can make you feel very tired and weak.
  10. Loss of Appetite: You might not feel like eating due to the discomfort.
  11. Symptoms Vary: The specific symptoms and their severity can vary depending on the type of bacteria or contaminant causing the food poisoning.
  12. Longer-Term Effects: In some cases, food poisoning can lead to more serious complications, especially in vulnerable populations like the elderly, young children, or individuals with weakened immune systems.

Remember that it’s important to seek medical attention if you suspect food poisoning, especially if it’s severe or if you show signs of dehydration. Proper treatment and hydration are essential to recover from food poisoning

Introduction (10 minutes):

  • Explain that today’s lesson is about the sources of danger and insecurity in food poisoning.
  • Discuss briefly what food poisoning is and why it’s important to avoid it.
  • Share the learning objectives with the students.

Presentation (15 minutes):

  • Show pictures of common sources of food contamination, such as dirty hands, flies on food, and raw meat touching other foods.
  • Discuss each source, explaining why it can be dangerous.
  • Use simple language and encourage questions from students to ensure understanding.

Teacher’s Activities:

  • Use visual aids and examples to make the lesson engaging.
  • Encourage active participation by asking questions.
  • Relate the sources of danger to real-life situations.

Learners’ Activities:

  • Observe the pictures and discuss with classmates.
  • Ask questions if something is not clear.
  • Share their own experiences or stories related to food safety.

Practice (10 minutes):

  • Demonstrate proper handwashing techniques using a handwashing station.
  • Have students practice washing their hands with soap and water.
  • Discuss when and why it’s essential to wash hands before eating.

Evaluation :

1. Food poisoning can cause __________ pain in the stomach.
A) happy
B) severe
C) colorful
D) funny

2. Nausea often makes you feel like __________.
A) dancing
B) sleeping
C) vomiting
D) laughing

3. Vomiting is a common __________ of food poisoning.
A) symptom
B) game
C) song
D) dance

4. Diarrhea leads to frequent and __________ bowel movements.
A) watery
B) dry
C) noisy
D) colorful

5. Food poisoning can result in a __________.
A) vacation
B) party
C) fever
D) gift

6. Headaches can be one of the __________ of food poisoning.
A) surprises
B) symptoms
C) jokes
D) stories

7. Muscle aches can make your body feel __________.
A) strong
B) achy
C) quiet
D) happy

8. Frequent vomiting and diarrhea can lead to __________.
A) dehydration
B) laughter
C) sleepiness
D) bravery

9. Food poisoning can make you feel very __________.
A) energetic
B) tired
C) jumpy
D) colorful

10. Loss of appetite means you might not feel like __________.
A) dancing
B) eating
C) singing
D) drawing

11. The specific symptoms of food poisoning can __________.
A) change
B) disappear
C) sparkle
D) shout

12. Food poisoning can be more serious for __________ populations.
A) strong
B) young children
C) dancers
D) artists

13. Dehydration is a serious concern due to __________ and diarrhea.
A) fever
B) vomiting
C) dancing
D) sweating

14. It’s important to seek __________ if you suspect food poisoning.
A) medical attention
B) a new toy
C) a friend
D) a party

15. Proper __________ and treatment are essential for food poisoning recovery.
A) dancing
B) hydration
C) laughter
D) singing






More Practice Questions 

1. Food poisoning happens when we eat food that is __________.
A) fresh
B) contaminated
C) colorful
D) small

2. Bacterial food poisoning can occur when harmful __________ get into our food.
A) vegetables
B) bacteria
C) toys
D) books

3. Chemical food poisoning can happen if we accidentally mix our food with harmful __________.
A) water
B) air
C) chemicals
D) music

4. Toxin-mediated food poisoning can occur if certain foods produce __________ when not handled properly.
A) candy
B) toys
C) toxins
D) laughter

5. Viral food poisoning can be caused by __________ in our food.
A) music
B) viruses
C) flowers
D) bicycles

6. It’s important to wash our hands before __________.
A) sleeping
B) eating
C) playing
D) singing

7. Storing food __________ helps keep it safe to eat.
A) in the sun
B) safely
C) in the rain
D) on the floor

8. Food should be cooked __________ to prevent food poisoning.
A) quickly
B) secretly
C) properly
D) loudly

9. Leaving cooked rice out for too long can lead to __________ food poisoning.
A) magical
B) bacterial
C) colorful
D) musical

10. Chemicals like __________ can sometimes get into our food.
A) crayons
B) pesticides
C) flowers
D) books

11. Seafood that is not fresh or properly cooked can cause __________ food poisoning.
A) tasty
B) toxin-mediated
C) musical
D) healthy

12. If someone with a stomach virus prepares your food without washing their hands, it can lead to __________ food poisoning.
A) viral
B) colorful
C) musical
D) happy

13. To stay safe from food poisoning, we should always __________ our hands before eating.
A) wash
B) clap
C) jump
D) dance

14. Keeping food __________ can help prevent contamination.
A) on the floor
B) uncovered
C) safely
D) in the sun

15. It’s important to make sure your food is cooked __________ to avoid food poisoning.
A) properly
B) quickly
C) noisily
D) secretly


Assessment (10 minutes):

  • Ask the students to name at least two sources of danger related to food poisoning.
  • Show images of safe and unsafe food handling practices and have students identify which is which.
  • Evaluate their understanding through class participation.

Conclusion (5 minutes):

  • Summarize the key points of the lesson.
  • Reiterate the importance of food safety.
  • Assign homework or a project related to food safety, such as creating a food safety poster.


  • Create a simple food safety poster at home, highlighting the sources of danger in food poisoning and how to stay safe.

Additional Notes:

  • Encourage open communication and a safe environment for students to ask questions or share concerns.
  • Use positive reinforcement to acknowledge active participation and understanding
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