Oonka Ede Yoruba ookanla (11) titi dé ogún (20) Yoruba Primary 1 First Term Lesson Notes Week 5 

Lesson Title: Learning Yoruba Numbers (11 to 20)

Learning Objectives: By the end of this lesson, students will be able to:

  1. Recite and recognize Yoruba numbers from 11 to 20.
  2. Understand the variations for numismatics or currencies like cowries or coins.

Embedded Core Skills:

  • Numeracy: Learning numbers and counting.
  • Language: Enhancing vocabulary and pronunciation.
  • Cultural Awareness: Understanding variations in Yoruba language usage.

Learning Materials:

  • Flashcards with Yoruba numbers and their variations.
  • Visual aids showing coins or cowries.
  • A whiteboard and markers.
  • Handouts with exercises.


1 – Ení or ọ̀kan (for numismatics or currencies like cowries or coins).


2 – È jì or Eéji (for numismatics or currencies like cowries or coins).


3 – Ẹta or ẹẹ́ta (for numismatics or currencies like cowries or coins, same pattern till 19).


4 – Ẹrin, ẹ̀rin or ẹẹ́rin


5 – Àrún or aárùn


6 – Ẹfà or ẹẹ́fà


7 – Èje or eéje


8 – Ẹjọ, ẹ̀jọ or ẹẹ́jọ


9 – Ẹsan, ẹ̀sán or ẹẹ́sàn


10 – Ẹwa, ẹ̀wá or ẹẹ́wà


11 – Ọkanla, ọ̀kanlá, oókànlá


12 – Ejila, èjìlá, eéjìlá


13 – Ẹtala, ẹ̀talá, ẹẹ́talá


14 – Ẹrinla, ẹ̀rinlá, ẹẹ́rìnlá


15 – Ẹdogun (Ẹedogun, ẹ́ẹdógún)


16 – Ẹrindinlogun, ẹẹ́rìndílógún


17 – Ẹtadinlogun, eétàdílógún


18 – Ejindinlogun, eéjìdílógún


19 – Ọkandinlogun, oókàndílógún


20 – Ogun, ogún, okòó or Okowo (ọkẹ owo for numismatics or currencies like cowries or coins).


  1. Begin the lesson by reviewing numbers 1 to 10, using flashcards and encouraging students to recite them.
  2. Introduce the numbers 11 to 20, explaining that these numbers have variations when used in the context of numismatics or currency like cowries or coins.
  3. Show visual aids of coins or cowries, and highlight their significance in Yoruba culture and history.

Teacher’s Activities:

  • Present the numbers clearly and emphasize correct pronunciation.
  • Explain the variations in numbers when used for currency.
  • Engage students through interactive activities and discussions.

Learners’ Activities:

  • Listen and repeat the numbers after the teacher.
  • Participate in a group discussion about the cultural significance of cowries and coins in Yoruba history.
  • Practice writing and saying the numbers with exercises on handouts.


  1. Formative assessment: During the lesson, observe students’ participation and pronunciation of the numbers.
  2. Summative assessment: At the end of the lesson, conduct a written assessment where students write down the numbers 11 to 20 and their variations correctly.

Ten Evaluation Questions:

  1. What is the Yoruba word for 13?
  2. How do you say “15” in Yoruba?
  3. Explain the significance of cowries in Yoruba culture.
  4. What are the variations for Yoruba numbers when used for currency?
  5. Write the Yoruba number for 18.
  6. Describe the cultural importance of coins in Yoruba history.
  7. Say the Yoruba number for 12.
  8. Recite the numbers 16 and 17 in Yoruba.
  9. How do you pronounce “19” in Yoruba?
  10. Write down the Yoruba numbers from 11 to 20.

Conclusion: In this lesson, we have learned Yoruba numbers from 11 to 20, and we’ve discovered their variations when used for currency like cowries or coins. Understanding these numbers is not only essential for language proficiency but also for appreciating the cultural significance of numeracy in Yoruba culture. Keep practicing these numbers to become fluent in Yoruba counting


  1. Iro Ede:

Di alafo awon leta wonyii

A ______ d ______ e ______ g ______ h

______ j ______ l ______ n ______ o ______ r _______ s

  1. Kini Oruko awon aworan wonyii
  2. (Lodo, opon)
  3. (ibon, igi)
  4. (irin, okun)
  5. (ayan, eye)
  6. (igba, irin)
  7. Di awon alafo wonyii
  8. O j ____ (u, k)
  9. O w ____ (p, o)
  10. E s ____ (e, m)
  11. O r ____ (y, i)
  12. I k ____ (a, m)
  13. Onka ni ede Yoruba:

Kini oruko awon nomba wonyii ni ede Yoruba

  1. 2 = (eeji, eerin)
  2. 3 = (eefa, eeta)
  3. 5 = (arun-un, eejo)
  4. 1 = (eeta, ookan)
  5. 4 = (eerin, eesan)
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