Sources of Energy Basic Science Primary 1 First Term Week 5

Subject : Basic Science and Technology

Topic : Sources of Energy 

Term :First Term

Week:Week  5

Class :Primary 1 / Basic 1


Previous lesson : 

The pupils have previous knowledge of Types of Rooms at Home



Behavioural objectives :

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • Explain energy
  • List sources of energy
  • Explain the uses of energy

Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures different types of local roads or highways
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards
  • Table, Chair, Chalkboard, Ruler, Bag, Basic Science Book

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks


Content :

Energy is like a superpower that makes things happen. 💥

Imagine when you run and play, you have energy that makes you move. 🏃‍♂️🏃‍♀️

Energy is also what makes your toys work, like when you wind up a toy car, and it goes vroom! 🚗💨

When you eat food, it gives you energy to do things like jumping, dancing, and even thinking. 🍎🤔

The Sun gives us energy, too! ☀️ It helps plants grow, and we get energy from the food we eat, which comes from plants and animals. 🌱🐔

So, energy is all around us, helping us do everything we do, like playing, eating, and learning! 🌟😊

Do you have any questions about energy, little scientist? 🔬👩‍🔬👨‍🔬







🌟 Energy is the ability to do work. It’s like having the power to make things happen or get things done. When we have energy, we can do all sorts of activities like running, lifting things, and even turning on the lights. It’s what keeps our world moving! 💪💡




10 sources of energy :

  1. The Sun ☀️: It gives us heat and light energy. We see it during the day!
  2. Food 🍎: When we eat, our bodies get energy from the food. Yummy!
  3. Wind 🌬️: Wind can make things move, like kites in the sky.
  4. Water 💧: Moving water, like in rivers, can make electricity.
  5. Batteries 🔋: They power things like toys and remote controls.
  6. Muscles 💪: Our muscles give us energy to run, jump, and play.
  7. Oil ⛽: It’s used in cars and machines to make them go.
  8. Coal ⛏️: It’s used to make electricity in power plants.
  9. Natural Gas 💨: It’s another way to make electricity and cook food.
  10. Fire 🔥: It gives us heat and light energy, like in a fireplace.

These are some of the sources of energy we use in our daily lives! 😊🌟





The uses of the 10 sources of energy:

  1. The Sun ☀️: It provides light and warmth. We use it for sunlight during the day, and solar panels can turn it into electricity.
  2. Food 🍎: We eat food for energy to do all our activities, like playing and learning.
  3. Wind 🌬️: Wind energy is used to turn windmills or wind turbines, which generate electricity for our homes.
  4. Water 💧: The energy from moving water is used in hydropower plants to make electricity. We also use water for drinking and cleaning.
  5. Batteries 🔋: Batteries provide energy for things like toys, remote controls, and even some cars.
  6. Muscles 💪: Our muscles give us the energy to move our bodies, run, jump, and play sports.
  7. Oil ⛽: It’s used to make gasoline for cars, diesel for trucks, and to power machines and factories.
  8. Coal ⛏️: It’s burned in power plants to produce electricity and is used in some industries.
  9. Natural Gas 💨: It’s used for heating our homes, cooking, and also to make electricity in power plants.
  10. Fire 🔥: Fire provides heat and light energy. We use it for cooking, staying warm, and even for camping.

These sources of energy make our lives easier and more comfortable by powering our homes, transportation, and the gadgets we use every day! 😊🏠🚗📱





1. Energy is the ability to do _______.
(a) Play games (b) Eat food (c) Work (d) Sleep

2. The Sun provides us with _______ and _______ energy.
(a) Heat, light (b) Wind, water (c) Food, toys (d) Music, colors

3. Wind energy can be harnessed using _______.
(a) Solar panels (b) Wind turbines (c) Batteries (d) Bicycles

4. Moving water is used to generate _______ in hydropower plants.
(a) Food (b) Electricity (c) Toys (d) Wind

5. Batteries provide energy to power _______ and _______.
(a) Cars, trucks (b) Toys, remote controls (c) Trees, plants (d) Stars, planets

6. Muscles give us energy to _______ and _______.
(a) Watch TV, sleep (b) Run, jump (c) Drive cars, ride bikes (d) Eat, drink

7. Oil is used to make gasoline for _______.
(a) Cooking (b) Flying airplanes (c) Cars (d) Swimming

8. Coal is burned in power plants to produce _______.
(a) Food (b) Water (c) Electricity (d) Toys

9. Natural gas is used for _______ and _______.
(a) Making music, dancing (b) Heating homes, cooking (c) Playing games, reading (d) Building houses, painting

10. Fire provides _______ and _______ energy.
(a) Water, wind (b) Heat, light (c) Food, toys (d) Cars, bicycles

11. Energy is the power to _______ things happen.
(a) Prevent (b) Stop (c) Make (d) Forget

12. Solar panels convert _______ energy from the Sun into electricity.
(a) Wind (b) Food (c) Light (d) Water

13. Hydropower plants use the energy from _______ to generate electricity.
(a) Moving water (b) Wind (c) Sand (d) Birds

14. The energy in food helps us _______ and _______.
(a) Fly, swim (b) Run, play (c) Sleep, sing (d) Paint, build

15. Wind turbines are used to capture _______ energy from the wind.
(a) Heat (b) Light (c) Mechanical (d) Sound


Introduction (5 minutes):

  • Begin by asking students if they know what energy means.
  • Share a simple definition: “Energy is the power to make things happen.”
  • Use a toy car to demonstrate how energy makes it move.
  • Explain that today, we’ll learn more about energy, where it comes from, and how we use it.

Teacher’s Activities (10 minutes):

  1. Show pictures of the Sun, wind turbines, and moving water.
  2. Discuss these sources of energy:
    • Sun provides heat and light energy.
    • Wind turbines capture wind energy.
    • Waterfalls and rivers produce hydropower.
  3. Ask students to identify other sources of energy (e.g., food, batteries, muscles).


Learners’ Activities (15 minutes):

  1. In pairs, students draw and label their own sources of energy on their notebooks.
  2. Share and discuss their drawings as a class.



Teacher’s Activities (10 minutes):

  1. Explain the uses of energy:
    • Food gives us energy to play and learn.
    • Batteries power toys and flashlights.
    • Muscles help us run, jump, and play.
    • Sunlight and electricity light up our homes.
    • Wind energy can turn wind turbines to make electricity.
    • Water can spin turbines to generate electricity.

Learners’ Activities (10 minutes):

  1. Give students props like a flashlight, a toy car, and food items.
  2. Ask them to demonstrate how these items use energy.
  3. Encourage them to explain their demonstrations to the class.



Assessment (5 minutes):

  • To assess understanding, ask students to name one source of energy and how it’s used.
  • Praise and provide feedback for correct responses.

Conclusion (5 minutes):

  • Summarize the main points: energy is the power to do things, it comes from different sources, and we use it in many ways.
  • Ask if anyone has questions or wants to share something they learned.



  • Ask students to find and draw one more source of energy they observe at home.
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