Explain what ‘Research Design’ is
The research design is the plan, structure and strategy operated by the rescher in order that the research question can be answered. The hypothesized relationships can observed only through a through and effective control of all sources of variance de study ie extraneous variance, systematic variance, and error variance. There se various designs available to do this. The resacrcher have to select the most prate for the study.
A research design refers to the blueprint or framework that a researcher develops in order to effectively address their research question. It’s like a roadmap that guides the entire research process, ensuring that the study is conducted in a systematic and organized manner.
Research designs are crucial because they help researchers determine how they will collect, analyze, and interpret data to answer their research question. A well-thought-out research design allows researchers to control various factors that could potentially impact the results of their study.
There are different types of research designs available, and the choice of design depends on the nature of the research question and the goals of the study. Let’s explore a few common types of research designs with examples:
- Experimental Design: This design involves manipulating one or more variables to observe their effects on another variable. For instance, a researcher might investigate the impact of a new teaching method on student performance. They would have a control group (students taught using the old method) and an experimental group (students taught using the new method).
- Quasi-Experimental Design: In situations where true experimental control is not possible, quasi-experimental designs are used. For instance, researchers might examine the effects of a new school curriculum across different schools where they can’t randomly assign schools to different curricula.
- Correlational Design: This design explores the relationships between variables without manipulation. For example, a researcher might examine the correlation between students’ study hours and their exam scores to see if there’s a relationship between the two.
- Descriptive Design: In this design, researchers aim to provide a detailed snapshot of a specific phenomenon. For instance, a study might describe the daily routines and study habits of high-achieving students.
- Longitudinal Design: Researchers using this design follow the same group of participants over an extended period to observe changes or developments. This could involve tracking students’ academic progress from elementary school to college.
- Cross-Sectional Design: This design involves collecting data from different groups of participants at the same point in time. For example, researchers might compare the learning preferences of students from different age groups.
The choice of research design depends on the research question, available resources, ethical considerations, and the level of control the researcher wants to have over variables. Each design has its own strengths and limitations, and researchers need to carefully select the one that aligns with their research goals and constraints.
Discuss the common errors committed by students during micro teaching
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1. The research design is a ________ that guides the research process.
2. Research designs help in addressing the ________ of the study.
a) participants’ preferences
b) research question
c) funding sources
3. A research design involves a systematic plan to control various sources of ________ in a study.
4. The primary goal of a research design is to ensure effective ________ of the research question.
5. Experimental design involves the manipulation of ________ to observe their effects.
6. Quasi-experimental designs are used when true experimental ________ is not possible.
7. Correlational design explores ________ between variables.
8. Longitudinal design involves studying participants over a(n) ________ period.
9. The choice of research design depends on research ________ and constraints.
10. Descriptive design provides a ________ snapshot of a phenomenon.
11. Cross-sectional design involves collecting data from different groups ________.
a) at random
b) at the same time
c) over time
12. The researcher selects a design that aligns with their research goals and ________.
a) funding availability
b) ethical considerations
c) preferred participants
13. The researcher aims to control extraneous variance, systematic variance, and ________.
a) error variance
b) participant variance
c) observational variance
14. The research design is like a ________ that guides the entire research process.
15. A well-thought-out research design helps researchers ________ data effectively.