*Briefly discuss the arguments of: Economic Determinism, Hegelian Marxism and Critical Theory* Pg 77
In a question like this, please I suggest *you just hit the nail on the head using key points* instead of writing lengthy essay. Examiners know that it is exam conditions. Besides, some of them don’t have that luxury of time to read lenghty essay
A Economic Determinism
Economic determinism was promoted by the early Marxists. Pg 77
Economic determinism would argue that economic system itas a primary influence on other aspects of society to the extent that economic factors determine all other sectors of the society such as religion, politics, education, sports, value system, etc Pg 74
Economic determinism focuses on a single aspect of social life outside of its broader context. Pg 77
B Hegelian Marxism
The Hegelian Marxists’ concern is to restore the dialectic between the subjective and the objective aspects of social life (Ritzer, 1996). PDE709 Pg 75
Some of the prominent thinkers in this group such as Lukacs refuses to see the individual as simply being constrained and regulated by forces external to him, but rather as the architect of his own fate. PDE709 Pg 75
Some of the prominent thinkers in this group such as Lukacs believe that an individual is the architect of his own fate rather tah the argument by others that an individual is simply being constrained and regulated by forces external to him. PDE709 Pg 75
C Critical Theory
It stresses the importance of social totality. PDE709 Pg 77
It rejects a focus on a single aspect of social life outside of its broader context such as that promoted by the economic determinists. PDE709 Pg 77
A. Economic Determinism:
- Early Marxists endorsed economic determinism.
- Economic determinism emphasizes that the economic system primarily influences other aspects of society, such as religion, politics, education, and more.
- It argues that economic factors determine all other sectors of society.
- The focus is on economic influence at the expense of broader context.
B. Hegelian Marxism:
- Hegelian Marxists aim to restore the dialectic between subjective and objective aspects of society.
- Prominent figures like Lukacs believe individuals aren’t solely constrained by external forces; they shape their destinies.
- This view contrasts with the idea that individuals are solely products of external constraints.
C. Critical Theory:
- Critical Theory highlights the significance of the social totality.
- It rejects narrow focus on a single aspect of social life in isolation.
- Unlike economic determinism, it stresses understanding within a broader context.
It seems that NTI might be shifting back towards incorporating Past Questions and Answers, but it’s important to be prepared for a well-rounded understanding of concepts rather than just memorizing specific answers
1. Economic determinism, promoted by early Marxists, asserts that the ________________ influences all other sectors of society. (A) a) political system b) economic system c) educational system
2. Economic determinism claims that economic factors hold primary influence, determining aspects like religion, politics, and ________________. (A) a) sports b) entertainment c) technology
3. Economic determinism narrows its focus to a single aspect of social life, often ignoring its ________________ context. (A) a) historical b) cultural c) broader
4. Hegelian Marxists aim to restore the dialectic between ________________ and objective aspects of society. (B) a) national b) subjective c) global
5. In Hegelian Marxism, some thinkers like Lukacs see individuals as architects of their own fate, rejecting the idea of being constrained by ________________ forces. (B) a) internal b) external c) personal
6. Hegelian Marxists strive to highlight the role of individuals in shaping their destinies, challenging the notion of total ________________ by external forces. (B) a) autonomy b) regulation c) constraint
7. Critical Theory emphasizes the importance of understanding social issues within their ________________ context. (C) a) broader b) isolated c) ideological
8. Critical Theory differs from economic determinism in that it refuses to focus solely on one aspect of social life, recognizing the need for ________________. (C) a) specialization b) diversification c) broader context
9. Economic determinism asserts that the economic system holds ________________ influence over other societal sectors. (A) a) primary b) secondary c) minimal
10. Hegelian Marxists like Lukacs challenge the idea that individuals are merely ________________ by external forces, advocating for their agency. (B) a) shaped b) constrained c) liberated
11. Critical Theory underscores the significance of comprehending social issues within their ________________ context. (C) a) specific b) cultural c) broader
12. Economic determinism focuses on the ________________ of economic factors on various societal aspects. (A) a) isolation b) dominance c) integration
13. Hegelian Marxists emphasize restoring the balance between subjective and ________________ elements in society. (B) a) economic b) objective c) political
14. Critical Theory’s rejection of a narrow focus aligns with its emphasis on considering social issues within their ________________ context. (C) a) localized b) isolated c) broader
15. Economic determinism oversimplifies by concentrating on the ________________ impact of economic factors on society. (A) a) comprehensive b) broad c) singular