Maintenance : Meaning, Needs and Advantages of Maintenance

Subject : 

Basic Science and Technology

Term :

Second Term

Week:

Week 11

Class :

Basic 5 / Primary 5

 

Topic :

Maintenance : Meaning, Needs and Advantages of Maintenance

 

 

 

Behavioural objectives :

At the end of lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Formulate the meaning of Maintenance
  • State the need for maintenance
  • Explain the advantages of proper maintenance
  • Students will understand the different types of maintenance and their purposes
  • Students will understand the benefits of regular maintenance
  • Students will be able to identify the different types of maintenance and their purposes

 

Learners Activities

  • Class discusses what they do to their possession from getting bad and then brainstorm on the meaning of maintenance
  • Pupils in pairs mention the reasons why they should be properly maintained
  • Pupils in small groups, brainstorm on the ways of maintaining materials
  • Pupils in small groups create and write down a plan for maintaining their personal belongings and share this plan with the class

Embedded Core Skills

  • Creativity and Imagination
  • Communication and Collaboration
  • Critical thinking and problem solving
  • Leadership skills and Personal Development

 

Instructional Materials:

  • Audio-visual Resources
  • Engine oil
  • Rag
  • Soap
  • Sponge

 

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation

 

Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum

 

Content:

Meaning of Maintenance

Maintenance refers to the act of keeping something in good working condition through regular upkeep and repairs. This can include activities such as cleaning, inspecting, testing, and replacing parts as needed. Maintenance can apply to a wide range of things, including machinery, buildings, vehicles, and even computer systems. The goal of maintenance is to prevent breakdowns, prolong the life of the item being maintained, and ensure that it continues to function as intended

 

Needs for Maintenance

  1. Preventive maintenance: Regular inspections and repairs to prevent breakdowns and prolong the life of the equipment.
  2. Predictive maintenance: Using data and technology to predict when equipment is likely to fail and schedule maintenance accordingly.
  3. Corrective maintenance: Repairing equipment or parts that have already broken down or are not functioning properly.
  4. Condition-based maintenance: Monitoring the condition of equipment and scheduling maintenance based on its current state.
  5. Emergency maintenance: Responding to unexpected breakdowns or malfunctions as soon as possible to minimize downtime.
  6. Cleaning and lubrication: Keeping equipment clean and lubricated to ensure proper functioning and prevent wear and tear.
  7. Replacement of consumables: Replacing consumable parts such as filters and batteries as needed.
  8. Safety checks: Conducting safety inspections to ensure equipment is safe to operate and to prevent accidents.
  9. Software updates and upgrades: Keeping software systems up to date to ensure they are functioning properly and to fix any bugs or security vulnerabilities.
  10. Training: Ensuring that operators and maintenance personnel have the necessary skills and knowledge to safely and effectively maintain equipment

Advantages of Maintenance.

  1. Increased equipment reliability: Regular maintenance can help prevent breakdowns and prolong the life of equipment.
  2. Reduced downtime: By identifying and addressing potential problems before they become major issues, maintenance can reduce the amount of time equipment is out of service.
  3. Cost savings: Regular maintenance can help prevent costly repairs and replacements in the long run.
  4. Improved safety: Regular maintenance can help ensure that equipment is safe to operate, reducing the risk of accidents and injuries.
  5. Increased efficiency: Properly maintained equipment will operate more efficiently, potentially reducing energy and resource consumption.
  6. Increased productivity: With less downtime and more efficient equipment, maintenance can lead to increased productivity.
  7. Better quality: Maintenance can help ensure that equipment is functioning properly and producing high-quality products.
  8. Compliance: Regular maintenance can help ensure that equipment is in compliance with relevant regulations and standards.
  9. Better forecasting: Predictive maintenance use data and technology to predict when equipment will fail, allowing for proactive maintenance which leads to better forecasting of downtime.
  10. Better understanding of equipment: Regular maintenance provides an opportunity to gain a better understanding of how equipment works and how to troubleshoot problems.

Evaluation

  1. What is the main goal of maintenance? a) To prevent breakdowns b) To prolong the life of equipment c) To ensure equipment is functioning properly d) All of the above
  2. What type of maintenance involves regular inspections and repairs to prevent breakdowns? a) Predictive maintenance b) Corrective maintenance c) Preventive maintenance d) Emergency maintenance
  3. What type of maintenance involves using data and technology to predict when equipment is likely to fail? a) Predictive maintenance b) Corrective maintenance c) Preventive maintenance d) Emergency maintenance
  4. What type of maintenance involves repairing equipment or parts that have already broken down? a) Predictive maintenance b) Corrective maintenance c) Preventive maintenance d) Emergency maintenance
  5. What type of maintenance involves monitoring the condition of equipment and scheduling maintenance based on its current state? a) Condition-based maintenance b) Predictive maintenance c) Corrective maintenance d) Preventive maintenance
  6. What type of maintenance involves responding to unexpected breakdowns or malfunctions as soon as possible? a) Emergency maintenance b) Predictive maintenance c) Corrective maintenance d) Preventive maintenance
  7. What type of maintenance involves keeping equipment clean and lubricated? a) Cleaning and lubrication b) Predictive maintenance c) Corrective maintenance d) Preventive maintenance
  8. What type of maintenance involves replacing consumable parts such as filters and batteries? a) Replacement of consumables b) Predictive maintenance c) Corrective maintenance d) Preventive maintenance
  9. What type of maintenance involves conducting safety inspections to ensure equipment is safe to operate? a) Safety checks b) Predictive maintenance c) Corrective maintenance d) Preventive maintenance
  10. What type of maintenance involves keeping software systems up to date? a) Software updates and upgrades b) Predictive maintenance c) Corrective maintenance d) Preventive maintenance

Lesson Presentation

Introduction:

  • Begin the lesson by asking students what they know about maintenance and why it is important.
  • Show a short video or real-life example of the consequences of not performing maintenance on equipment.

Direct Instruction:

  • Use the PowerPoint presentation to introduce the different types of maintenance and their purposes: preventive, predictive, corrective, condition-based, emergency, cleaning and lubrication, replacement of consumables, safety checks, software updates and upgrades, and training.
  • Discuss the benefits of regular maintenance, such as increased equipment reliability, reduced downtime, cost savings, improved safety, increased efficiency, increased productivity, better quality, compliance, better forecasting, and better understanding of equipment.
  • Use examples to help students understand the different types of maintenance.

Guided Practice:

  • Hand out a worksheet with a series of scenarios and ask students to identify the type of maintenance that would be appropriate for each scenario.
  • Encourage students to ask questions as needed.

Independent Practice:

  • Assign students a project where they research a specific type of equipment and create a maintenance plan for it.

Assessment:

  • Administer a multiple-choice quiz to assess students’ understanding of the different types of maintenance and their purposes.
  • Evaluate students’ projects and maintenance plans.

Closure:

  • Review the key points of the lesson and ask students to share their takeaways.
  • Ask students to explain the importance of maintenance in their own words.
  • Remind students that regular maintenance is crucial for keeping equipment in good working condition and preventing costly repairs

 

error: Content is protected !!