Home Economics


First Term


Week 4




Previous lesson: Pupils have previous knowledge of

The care of the Children

that was taught in their previous lesson




Behavioural objectives: At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • Say the causes of common childhood ailments
  • Explain the prevention or treatment of common childhood ailments


Instructional Materials:

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching:

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials:

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks




There are a number of common childhood ailments that can affect kids. Some of the most common ones include:

– Ear infections
– Respiratory infections (like the common cold)
– Sinus infections
– Gastrointestinal issues (like constipation and diarrhea)
– Fever

Each of these conditions can cause considerable discomfort for kids, and in some cases, they can also be quite serious. It’s important to be aware of the signs and symptoms of these conditions so that you can seek medical help if necessary.



Colic is one of the most common ailments in children. It is a condition characterized by prolonged and often intense crying spells. Although the exact cause of colic is unknown, it is thought to be related to gastrointestinal discomfort. Colic typically begins around 2 weeks of age and generally resolves by 4 months of age.

There are several possible treatments for colic, including home remedies such as providing a pacifier or white noise to help soothe the baby. In some cases, medications may be necessary to relieve the discomfort and crying. If you think your child may be suffering from colic, it is important to talk to your pediatrician.


One of the most common problems that parents have to deal with is their child’s constipation. It can be a real pain (literally!) for both the child and the parent.

There are many causes of constipation in children, including a diet lacking in fiber, not drinking enough fluids, or even certain medical conditions. The good news is that there are treatments available.

One of the most common treatments is to have the child drink more fluids. This can help to soften the stool and make it easier to pass. Other treatments may include changes in diet, such as adding more fiber-rich foods, or even medication.

If your child is seriously constipated, then the cause should be reported to a medical doctor


  • What is diarrhea?
  • causes of diarrhea
  • treatment for diarrhea

Diarrhea is a condition characterized by frequent, watery bowel movements. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including viral or bacterial infections, certain medications, and food intolerances. Treatment for diarrhea typically involves replenishing fluid levels and may also include over-the-counter medications to slow down bowel movements. In severe cases, diarrhea can lead to dehydration, which can be dangerous for young children. Prevention of diarrhea typically involves good hygiene practices and prompt treatment of any underlying infections.

Nappy Rash

When your little one has a rash, it can be difficult to know what to do. Here’s a quick guide to some of the most common types of rashes in children. Nappy rash is a general term used to describe any irritation or inflammation of the skin in the nappy area. It’s a very common condition, and most babies will get it at some point. Nappy rash is usually caused by a combination of wetness, friction, and irritation from urine and stools. It can also be caused by skin sensitivity or allergies. If your baby has a nappy rash, you may notice that their skin is red, inflamed or sore.


Step 1

The subject teacher introduces the new topic

Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise



1)What is a nappy rash?

A) A type of acne that commonly affects infants and toddlers in the nappy ares

B) a fungal infection that develops in the diaper area

C) Inflammation of the skin in the diaper area

D) none of the above

2) What are the causes of nappy rash?

A) Wearing a dirty or wet diaper for too long

B) Using harsh soaps or detergents on the diaper area

C) Sensitive skin

D) All of the above

3) How can you treat diaper rash?

A) Apply a barrier cream or ointment to the diaper area

B) Allow the skin to air out as much as possible.

C) Avoid using harsh soaps or detergents on the diaper area.

D) All of the above

4) How can you prevent “nappy rash”?

A) Change your baby’s diaper

B) Abadon the child

C) Shout on the baby

D) None of the above

5). What is the meaning of the term “common ailment”?

A) A disease that is not contagious and affects many people

B) A condition that is not serious and does not require medical treatment.

C) An illness that is very rare and affects only a small number of people.

for each question.


6}. What are some common causes of childhood ailments?

A) Poor hygiene

B) Lack of exercise

C) hereditary factors


7} How can common childhood ailments be treated?

A) With antibiotics

B) By drinking plenty of fluids and getting rest

C) With over-the-counter medications


8) What is the most common childhood ailment?

A) The flu

B) A cold

C) Pink eye


9) Are common childhood ailments contagious?

A) No, they are not contagious.

B) Yes, they are contagious.

C) It depends


  1. Define common childhood aliments
  2. List three childhood ailments
  3. What is diarrhea?
  4. Mention two treatments of diarrhea
  5. Mention two causes of diarrhea
  6. Say the causes of common childhood ailments
  7. Explain the prevention or treatment of common childhood ailments
  8. What is Nappy rash
  9. Mention two causes of constipation
  10. What casues colic?


The subject goes round to mark the pupil’s notes. He does the necessary corrections