1st Term Examination AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE JSS 3

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Subuode Gbaga Gasline Ogun State

1st Term Examination

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

JSS 3

Section A

Attempt all questions

  1. What is packaging? (a)a way of preparing a finished product (b)a ways of packing products away (c)a way of mixing products together (d)a way of clearing a product
  2. Which of these soaps is not packaged in the market? (a)Eva (b)Lux (c)Joy (d)Key
  3. Why must a product be packaged before sales? (a)to make it beautiful for buyers (b)to prepare the product in a decent way (c)to protect it from damage (d)all of the above
  4. What is branding? (a)any special type of variety of something made (b)a type of something (c)a particular kind of designed something (d)all of the above
  5. Which of these is an advantage of branding? (a)attractive branding (b)good branding (c)special branding (d)rough branding
  6. What is pricing? (a)the assessment value (b)the costing of something (c)weighs the importance of a product (d)all of the above
  7. Which of these factors can affect pricing? (a)scarcity (b)spoilage (c)surplus (d)all of the above
  8. Why is pricing necessary for products? (a)to cost its value (b)to weigh its importance (c)to maximize profit (d)all of the above
  9. What is advertisement? (a)create awareness of something (b)publicize something for market (c)to promote something for sales (d)all of the above
  10. Which of these is a way of advertising? (a)sing or talking about something over radio and television (b)pasting of handbill and banners everywhere (c)dancing and demonstrating something on streets (d)all of the above
  11. Which of the following pathogens can only be seen with an electron microscope? (a)virus (b)bacteria (c)fungi (d)chlorophyll
  12. Plant nutrients are lost in the soil through the following ways (a)leaching (b)mulching (c)turning (d)planting
  13. Animals that live in water or reared are called __________ (a)aquatic (b)invertebrates (c)vertebrates (d)water animals
  14. The following are agricultural practices in West Africa EXCEPT (a)fishery (b)poultry (c)crop cultivation (d)hunting
  15. ___________ are animals that gives birth to their young ones alive (a)reptiles (b)mammals (c)birds (d)amphibians
  16. Which of these is not a farm machine? (a)spray (b)planter (c)saw (d)harvester
  17. The multiplication of crops through the use of the vegetative part of the plant is called __________ (a)propagation (b)seed sowing (c)asexual method (d)sexual method
  18. Organisms that can infect other organisms with disease are known as _____________ (a)vector (b)predator (c)animal (d)ghost
  19. __________ is the reproductive organ of a plant (a)stem (b)leaf (c)flower (d)root
  20. The mainstay of Nigeria ECONOMY is __________ (a)education (b)hospitality (c)agriculture (d)none of the above
  21. Forest is defined as an area of land covered with ——- a. shrubs, b. vegetation, c. wood, d. trees and other plants.
  22. Which of these is a product from forest? a. Gum, b. dye, c. rock, d. wood
  23. A natural forest is the one that a. has been cut down, b. has not been cut down, c. has grown back, d. has be replanted.
  24. Which of the following is not an important of forest? a. provision of fruits, b. control of erosion, c. provision of job for the forest guards, d. home for wildlife.
  25. The following are types of forest except a. acquired forest, b. natural forest, c. regenerated forest, d. established forest.
  26. Which of these products from the forest is used as fuel? a. charcoal, b. gum, c. bark, d. leaves
  27. 3. Tucks can be obtained from one of the following forest animals’ a. Lion, b. Antelope, c. Monkey, d. Snail.
  28. 4. Baskets and chairs can be made from the following forest products. A. timber, b. gum, c. ropes and canes
  29. 5. Carrots and tomatoes are cultivated majorly in the ——– belt of Nigeria. A. rain forest, b. Sahel savanna, c. mangrove and swamp forest, d. Sudan Savanna
  30. Forest is a source of wild animals used a.for game, b. for research, c. for meat, d. sport
  31. Which of these is not a product from the forest? a.wild fruits, b. wild leaves, c. nuts, d. flowers.
  32. Forest trees serves as a. an obstacles, b. flowers, c. wind breaks, d. shrubs
  33. Deforestation is the …….. a. clearing of land , b. planting of new tree seedlings c. destruction of forest, d. cutting down of trees.
  34. The integration of crop farming with forest trees is term a. afforestation, b. deforestation, c. taungya farming, d. forest reserve.
  35. Contagious abortion affects a. poultry, b. cattle, c. goats, d. swine
  36.  Persistent cough, emaciation, death are symptoms of a. Anthrax, b. Foot and Mouth, c. Tuberculosis
  37. Fowl typhoid is caused by a. virus, b. bacteria, c. fungi, d. nematodes.
  38. Blisters on comb and wattle is a symptom of a. Swine fever, b. Newcastle, c. Rinderpest, d. Fowl Pox.
  39.  Difficulty in breathing, nasal discharge, loss in Weight are symptoms of a.Chronic Respiratory Disease(CRD), b. Rinderpest, c. Newcastle, d. Typanosomiasis
  40.  New castle disease is caused by a. virus, b. bacteria, c. protozoan, d. nematodes
  41. The causative organism of coccidiosis is a.protozoan , b. bacteria, c. Virus, d. nematodes
  42. Feeding on succulent pasture can lead to a disease known as a. Rickets, b. Boat, c. Anaemia, d. Osteomalacia.
  43.  Insufficient blood is a symptom of a nutritional disease known as a. Bloat, b. Osteomalacia, c. Anaemia. d. Rickets
  44. Feeding animals with rich calcium and phosphorus serves as the control measure of —— a. Rickets, b. Boat, c. Anaemia, d. Osteomalacia
  45. Crops damage lead to what is called ………A. crop sickness B. crop management C. crop loss D. crop destruction.
  46. Which of these is not an effect of pests on crops A. reduction in quality B. sickness C. crop improvement D. infection?
  47. crops is affected by different pests such crop is called…A .host plant B. affected plant C. eaten plant D. damaged crop.
  48. Which of these is not a pest of cassava and yam? A. rodents B. birds C. nematode D. grasshoppers.
  49.  Grasshopper may likely cause damage to …..A. root B. flower C. leaves D tuber.
  50. One of these is not a scientific method A. observation B. decision taking C. taking of action D. picking.
  51.  The methods applied on pest reduction is called A. pest elimination B crop reduction. C Crop preservation D. crop rotation.
  52. The use natural enemies of pest in controlling pests is called……….A. biological pest control B. mechanical pest control C. planting of resistant varieties D. physical method.
  53. Hand picking, use of trap, setting of net along the pathway of birds is……….
  54. A physical method B. chemical method C. fumigation D. cultural method.
  55.  The pest control that is very expensive is …..A .chemical method B. cultural method C. physical method D. biological method.
  56. The food preservation method of cooling food to a temperature just above the freezing point of water is known as……..A. irradiation B. freezing C refrigeration D. steaming.
  57.  The method of grinding crop grains and storing them as powder is known as……A. Milling. B Bickling, C. Curing. D. Irradiation.
  58.  Refrigeration is best used for preserving………..   A. Oranges and other fruits B. Fresh meat and fresh meat C.Amaranthus and Okra D. banana and plantain.
  59.  Which of the following sets of crops are best stored in sacks?A.yam, cassava and potatoes B. millet, kola nut and plantain C.vegetables, tomatoes and okra.D.cowpea, rice and maize.
  60.  Refrigeration is best for which of these farms produce……..A. yam B. okra C fish D potato.
  61. Which of the following methods cannot be used for preserving fish? A. Drying.B.Smoking.C. Freezing.D. Non of the above.
  62. 2 Which of the following causes freshly harvested food to get spoiled? A. yeast B. Bacteria C. Mould D. Enzymes
  63.  The most reliable method for long term preservation at room temperature is ……..A. refrigeration B. cooking C.Canning D. baking.
  64.  Which of the following is not a curing method of food preservation?A. Smoking B. Addition of vinegar C. Salting D. Canning
  65.  Which of these is not an hygienic method of food preservation.A. Drying B. Refrigeration C. Irradiation D. Canning
  66. An agent who purchases goods directly from middlemen and sells them in small quantities to consumers is called…..A. buyer B. sellers C. wholesaler D. retailers.
  67.  Who among the following is a middleman? A. Consumer, B. Farmer C Manufacturer D. Retailer.
  68. The producers are ……A farmers B people C. manufacturer D. wholesaler.
  69. The place where producers and consumers meet is …………  A. bank B.farm C. market D. home.
  70. The market where farm produce are sold within the country is called………. A. international market B. Local market C farm gate market D. super market.
  71. An agent who purchases goods directly from middlemen and sells them in small quantities to consumers is called…..A. buyer B. sellers C. wholesaler D. retailers.
  72. Who among the following is a middleman?
    A. Consumer, B. Farmer C Manufacturer D. Retailer.
  73. The producers are ……A farmers B people C. manufacturer D. wholesaler.
  74. The place where producers and consumers meet is …………
    A. bank B.farm C. market D. home.
  75.  The market where farm produce are sold within the country is called……….
    A. international market B. Local market C farm gate market D. super market.
  76. Consumers of farm produce are….A. people generally B. agro-allied industries C. beverages D. all of the above.
  77. Which of these is not challenge in agricultural marketing?A. Keeping qualities B.Transportation C.Lack of standard weight and measure D. presence of standard weight.
  78.  The movement of agricultural produce from farm to market is called………A sorting B marketing C. planting D transportation.
  79. Which of these is not one of the activities of channel of distribution.A. Offloading B. packaging.C. stocking d. planting.
  80. ___ deals with rearing of animals and planting of crops for man’s use (a) banking (b) Agriculture (c) farming (d) Accounting

SECTION B THEORY

Instruction: Answer all questions

  1.  Define the term pest
  2. state some agricultural pest you know
  3. List five methods of controlling pest in a cocoa farm and on animal farm.
  4. What is the difference between insecticide and rodenticide?
  5. State three types of advertisement you know
  6. Why is pricing necessary to producer
  7. Give three importance of packaging
  8. State five disadvantages of poor packaging
  9.  State twenty different products you know and their producing companies
  10. Design a packet of your own product personally, give it a brand and advertise your product in your own way.
  11. Define forest
  12. Name 5 forest trees and 5 forest animals
  13. Write 6 importance of forest
  14. Explain afforestation and deforestation
  15. List some common examples of pest that affect farm produce.
  16. Discuss the various ways by which pests can cause damage to crops?
  17. Explain the following:
    • Cultural method of pest control
    • Physical pest control
    • Biological pest control
  18.  What is pest elimination and the problem that may occur during pest control
  19. Discuss pest control and management
  20. How do farm produce get spoilt? Explain details.
  21.  List ways of preserving sea food.
  22. Differentiate between storage of farm produce and preservation.
  23.  List the methods of preservation of livestock produce and crop produce.
  24. Explain five ways in which stock exchange is important to agriculture.
  25.  List the people that are involved in stock exchange
  26. Define the following: stock exchange, shares, stock.
  27. Discuss the functions of stock brokers
  28. List five challenges in agricultural stock exchange.
  29. Discuss the activities that take place at the channel of distribution of farm produce.
  30. What is packaging?