FOOD PREPARATION AND HYGIENE
FOOD PREPARATION AND HYGIENE
At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to
- say what is food hygiene
- List the guidelines for food hygiene
- explain how to cook food
JSS 2 / BASIC 8
MAINTENANCE OF THE FAMILY HOUSE MATERIALS THAT ARE NEEDED FOR HOUSEHOLUD CLEANING
- Wall charts
- Related Online Video
- Flash Cards
- Mopping stick
Methods of Teaching:
- Class Discussion
- Group Discussion
- Asking Questions
- Role Modelling
- Role Delegation
- Scheme of Work
- Online Information
- 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
Guidelines for Food Hygiene
- FOOD HYGIENE
Food hygiene is the prevention of harmful bacteria from growing in the food by keeping the kitchen clean as well as washing, cooking and storing food properly. Food hygiene are the conditions and measures necessary to ensure the safety of food from production to consumption. Food can become contaminated at any point during slaughtering or harvesting, processing, storage, distribution, transportation and preparation. Food hygiene is important because harmful bacteria can grow in food and spread food-borne disease such as typhoid and botulism.
GUIDELINES FOR FOOD HYGIENE
- Wash cooking utensils and surfaces with hot soapy water every time you prepare food
- Wash fresh fruits and vegetables thoroughly with a little salt water
- Wash the tops of can foods such as sardine and evaporated milk before opening them
- Use clean plate for cooked food
- Keep pests such as dogs and cats out of the kitchen
- Wash your hands after using the toilet and before you handle food
- Cover your hair when in the kitchen so as to keep hair out of food
- Store perishable food (meat, fresh fish) in the freezer
- Once food is cooked, keep it hot until it is eaten
- Store leftover food in the refrigerator
GUIDELINES FOR SUCCESSFUL COOKING AND SERVING OF MEALS
As you get ready to cook, there are certain procedures you have to follow these are:
- Plan how to cook balanced meals
- List all the ingredients required and use food in season
- Clean all the utensils
- Make yourself clean and ready for work by:
- Your hair must be covered with a clean scarf
- Wear a clean apron
- Wash your hands thoroughly
- Avoid sneezing into the food
- Cook food by the best method in order to have maximum retention of nutrients cooking includes:
- boiling: i.e. cooking food in boiling water e.g yam
- steaming: i.e. cooking food in the steam not boiling water
- frying: cooking food in hot oil e.g akara
Tidy up the kitchen after cooking
The topic is presented step by step
The class teacher revises the previous topics
He introduces the new topic
The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise
The class teacher wraps up or concludes the lesson by giving out a short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.
The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.
He or she makes the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.
In conclusion, I would say that the world of homemakers is not dead and can be revived if we focus on its positive values. I hope that my blog post will help you to understand what a real homemaker does and share your own experience as well.
1. Define Food Hygiene?
2. List FIVE guidelines for Food Hygiene?
3, What is boiling?
4, What is steaming?