Types of Sentences (Functional) Questions, Statements, and Commands.















Instructional Materials:

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards



Methods of Teaching:

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation




Reference Materials:

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks


Previous lesson: 

The pupils have previous knowledge of

  Consonant Sounds /h/; /w/ and /j/,Punctuation Marks (Full Stop) and Formal Letters (Letter to the School Principal)

that was taught as a topic during the last lesson.




Speech Work: Consonant Sounds /k/ and /g/.

Structure: Types of Sentences (Functional) Questions, Statements, and Commands.

Comprehension/Vocabulary Development: Mining. Reading to Identify the Meanings of Words in the Context: Money: A Medium of Exchange (NOSEC. Pages 123-124)

Composition: Informal Letter (Guided Composition)

Literature: Poetry: Structure, themes and literary devices in… ‘Official Robber’


ASPECT: Speech Work

TOPIC: Consonants /k/ and /g/

Consonant /k/

To produce /k/, the back of the tongues makes contact with the velum. This contact results in a total blockage of the flow of air. The air pressure which builds up is suddenly released with an explosive sound. The glottis is open so that the vocal cords do not vibrate as /k/ is produced. This consonant, which is a voiceless sound, has many spelling symbols as shown below:

“k”   as in king, ken, keep, kit

“c”   as in coat, case, across, car

“cc” as in account, accuse, accost, accord

“ch” as in chemistry, chemical, school, ache

“q”   as in liquor, queen, quick, marque

“ck” as in back, sack, lack, peck

‘’x’’ as in six, anxious, axe, axis

The “k” is usually not pronounced when it is used before “n”. Examples: know, knock, knew, knee, knot, etc

Consonant /g/

This consonant is the voiced counterpart of /k/. This means that the process of production of /g/is similar to that of /k/ except that the vocal cords vibrate as/g/ is produced. /g/ is therefore a voiced velar plosive which is spelt “g” and “gh” as in “give” and “ghost” respectively. The “g” is not pronounced before “n” at the beginning or end of words such as “gnaw”, “gnash”,  gnat, gnarled, gnomic, gnu, sign, reign, malign, foreign, benign” and before “m” at the end of words such as “paradigm” and “diaphragm”. Pronounce the following words with /g/ at the beginning and end of the words:

God dog
gas sag
gum mug
gut tug

Now, pronounce the following pairs of words and take note of the contrast between /k/ and /g/.

/k/ /g/ /k/ /g/
cane gain pick pig
call gall peck peg
could good lack lag
cold gold duck dug
kilt guilt leak league


  1. Describe these two sounds /k/ and /g/.
  2. Give 5 examples on each of the sounds.


ASPECT: Structure

TOPIC: Types of Sentences

A sentence is a group of words that contains a subject and a finite verb and expresses a complete thought. A sentence must begin with a capital letter and end with a full stop, question mark or exclamation mark.

Each sentence in English provides some type of information. For example, a sentence can be a statement, a question, or a command. Hence, the following types of sentences can be identified:

  1. Declarative Sentence
  2. Imperative Sentence
  3. Interrogative Sentence

Declarative Sentence

Most statements are in the declarative form. That is, they only tell us facts. An important feature of declarative sentences is that they have a subject that comes before the verb. Examples:

  1. Our dog eats any old thing.
  2. Our dog won’t just eat any old thing.
  3. The dog has already been fed.
  4. The dog hasn’t been fed yet.

Interrogative Sentence

Most questions are in the interrogative, that is, they ask questions. An important feature of an interrogative sentence is that they normally have a subject that comes after an auxiliary verb. Examples are:

  1. Does your dog eat any old thing?
  2. Has the dog already been fed?
  3. Hasn’t the dog been fed yet?

Imperative Sentence

Many commands are in the imperative, that is, they give order. Commands in the imperative have no words that act as a subject, though the subject is understood to be you. Examples are:

  1. Eat up quickly. We have to go!
  2. Leave me alone.
  3. On your marks, get set…go!


  1. Mention the types of sentences and explain.
  2. Give examples of each of the type of sentences


ASPECT: Comprehension/Vocabulary Development

TOPIC: Mining. Reading to Identify the Meanings of Words in the Context: Money: A Medium of Exchange (NOSEC. Pages 123-124)

Money: A Medium of Exchange (NOSEC. Pages 123-124)

All of us are familiar with money. All of us have bought one thing or the other with money. Day in day out, we still continue to depend on money. Everybody …

Vocabulary Development: Words Associated with Mining-NOSEC Pages 178-179.


ASPECT: Composition

TOPIC: Informal Letter



ASPECT: Literature



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