HISTORICAL PERIODS OF MUSIC
JSS 1 / BASIC 7
Previous lesson: Pupils have previous knowledge of
GRAND STAFF/GREAT STAFF
that was taught in their previous lesson
HISTORICAL PERIODS OF MUSIC
Behavioural objectives: At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to
- Define of Clef
- Mention the functions of Clef
- State different kinds of Clef
- Draw treble Staff or Stave
- Wall charts
- Related Online Video
- Flash Cards
Methods of Teaching:
- Class Discussion
- Group Discussion
- Asking Questions
- Role Modelling
- Role Delegation
- Scheme of Work
- Online Information
- 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
Musical Periods and Some Major Composers
The historical development of western music is divided into stages, popularly referred to as “musical periods”. Apart from the early musical periods from B.C. to 1400 A.D., there are such periods as:
(i) Renaissance period (1400 – 1600AD)
(ii) Baroque period (1600 – 1750AD)
(iii) Classical period (1750 – 1820 AD)
(iv) Romantic period (1820 – 1900AD)
(v) Modern period (1900 to date)
Life and Works of G. F. Handel
George Frederick Handel was in born Halle, Germany, near Berlin in 1685, the same year that Johann Sebastian Bach was born. He was one month older than Bach. His father was a prosperous Barber-Surgeon. Unlike Bach, he was not from a musical family.
His father wanted him to study law, but by age 9, his outstanding musical ability had manifested that he was allowed to study with a local organist and composer.
By 11, he could compose and was able to give musical lessons to some. At 18, he had finished reading law in the University, and he could speak German, French and Italian and English.
At 21, he successfully produced his first Opera Almira.
He first visited England in 1710 and by 1712, he settled there for the rest of his life. He became England’s most important composer and a favourite of Queen Ann. He was the director of Royal Academy of Music (a commercial Opera company)
The job afforded him the opportunity of composing a number of brilliant operas for outstanding sopranos and castrati (male singings with soprano voices).
In the later part of his life, Handel did not enjoy good health. His last twenty two years were spent struggling against paralysis and blindness, yet it was in the last twenty years that he wrote the Oratorios. He became partially blind in 1751 and totally in 1753.
He died in London in 1759 and was buried in Westminster Abbey. Three thousand mourners attended his funeral. He died full of fame and mush love in England, his adopted country.
Handel wrote a great deal of instrumental music suites, organ concertos, concerti grossi. The Messiah which lasts about 21/2 hours when performed was composed in just 24 days.
The Hellalujah Chorus, which ends part II OF THE Messiah, is one of the world’s most famous choral pieces.
The text is taken from the book of Revelation which celebrates God as the Almighty ruler.
Handel’s Operas include Almira, Rinaldo, Guilo Cesare (Julius Caesar) and Orlando.
His Orchestra music include Water music and Music for the Royal Fire Works.
The topic is presented step by step
The class teacher revises the previous topics
He introduces the new topic
The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise
The class teacher wraps up or concludes the lesson by giving out a short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.
The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.
He or she makes the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.
- Who are the two great musicians born the same year and whose eyes were unsuccessfully operated upon by the same oculist?
- State three works of the composer.