First Term


Week 2




Previous lesson: Pupils have previous knowledge of




that was taught in their previous lesson






Behavioural objectives: At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to


  • say the meaning of the elements of music
  • write out the elements of music
  • define pitch


Instructional Materials:

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching:

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials:

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks



Meaning of Elements of Music

The term elements refer to those factors or component which makes up a music, without those factors, music has no meaning and effect.


The Elements of Music

The elements of music include the following:

(i) Pitch: This refers to height or depth of sound. This means the highest or lowness of sound.

(ii) Rhythm: This refers to the movement of music. The movement of music depends on the time arrangement of notes, beats, accents, and so on. Thus, music can move in 2 (duple) 3 (triple) 4 (quadruple) time. Similarly, the movement of music can be fast, slow or moderate.

(iii) Melody: This means the main tune of a piece of music. It is a succession of musical notes arranged to produce a tune.

(iv) Harmony: This means combination of musical notes to form chords. It is the clothing of melody.

(v) Timbre: This is the sound quality that helps to differentiate between one instrument and another.

(vi) Texture: It refers to the number of instruments or voices performing together.

(vii) Form or structure: It refers to the shape and arrangement of music.

(viii) Dynamics: The degree of loudness and softness of musical sound.

Musical Words Meaning
Adagio Slow, leisurely
Andante Moderately slow (at a walking pace)
Moderato At a moderate pace
Allegretto Moderately quick (slightly slower than Allegro)






The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise




The class teacher wraps up or concludes the lesson by giving out a short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she makes the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.







  1. Define pitch.
  2. List some elements of music.
  3. Describe rhythm as an element of music.
  4. State the uses and impact of music you know.
  5. State any three qualities of music.
  6. What is sound? Give examples.
  7. Name four sources of sound.
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