First Term


Week 5




Previous lesson: Pupils have previous knowledge of




that was taught in their previous lesson






Behavioural objectives: At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to


  • Describe the Recorder
  • Hold the Recorder properly


Instructional Materials:

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching:

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials:

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks



Description of the Recorder

The recorder is an ancient instrument. Its history dates back to the medieval period of music history. Actually, the recorder belongs to the flute family, but then it is regarded as a member of the wood wind family and really operates on the same mechanism as other wood wind instruments. However, whereas the other instruments of woodwind family are used in the orchestra, the recorder does not appear in the orchestra.

Nowadays, the recorder is very popular in schools as it used to be in England between the 16th and 17th century. Its popularity rises from the fact that it is quite cheap to buy the mass-produced type and also portable, thus it is easy for students to carry about.


Parts of the Recorder

The family consists of Descant (Soprano), Alto, Tenor, Bass. The descant recorder is the smallest in size and produces very high pitch. The bass recorder, on the other hand is the largest member of the family and produces a more mellow tone.


Holding the Recorder

Normally, the left hand is used to hold the recorder. The thumb of the left hand is placed behind the instrument and is used to cover the only hole at the back. Then, the next three fingers of the left hand are adjusted to cover the first three holes in front, nearest to the mouthpiece. These four fingers, first to fourth, keep the instrument in position as below. (Left hand).

Similarly, the thumb of the right hand is placed underneath the instrument, just midway between the third and fourth holes. The rest of the fingers of the right hand are kept in the position to take charge of the remaining holes in the front of the recorder.





The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise




The class teacher wraps up or concludes the lesson by giving out a short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she makes the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.







  1. Describe the recorder.
  2. State the recorder family.