JSS 1 / BASIC 7
Previous lesson: Pupils have previous knowledge of
that was taught in their previous lesson
Differentiate between Baroque period and classical period.
- Understand the characteristics and historical context of the Baroque period and the Classical period in music.
- Identify the key differences in musical style, instrumentation, and forms between the Baroque and Classical periods.
- Appreciate the contributions of prominent composers from each period.
Embedded Core Skills:
- Critical thinking and analysis.
- Listening and observation skills.
- Historical and cultural understanding.
- Communication and presentation skills.
- Whiteboard or chalkboard with markers/chalk.
- PowerPoint presentation or visual aids displaying relevant images and musical examples.
- Audio recordings of representative pieces from the Baroque and Classical periods.
- Handouts summarizing the characteristics of each period.
The differences between the Baroque period and the Classical period in music. Here’s a list that outlines the distinctions:
- Time Period: The Baroque period spanned roughly from 1600 to 1750.
- Ornamentation: Baroque music is characterized by elaborate ornamentation, with intricate melodies and embellishments.
- Dynamics: The dynamic range in Baroque music was generally limited, with a consistent volume throughout a piece.
- Basso Continuo: The use of basso continuo, a bass line played by a keyboard instrument (such as harpsichord) and a bass instrument (such as cello), was common in Baroque music.
- Polyphony: Baroque compositions often featured polyphonic textures, with multiple melodic lines woven together.
- Opera and Oratorio: The Baroque era saw the rise of opera and oratorio, two significant vocal genres.
- Composers: Prominent composers of the Baroque period include Johann Sebastian Bach, George Frideric Handel, and Antonio Vivaldi.
- Time Period: The Classical period emerged around 1750 and lasted until the early 19th century.
- Simplicity and Clarity: Classical music emphasized simplicity, clarity, and balanced structures. The melodies were more straightforward and less ornate compared to the Baroque period.
- Dynamics: The use of dynamics expanded during the Classical period, allowing for greater contrast between loud and soft sections.
- Homophony: The dominant texture in Classical music was homophonic, with a single melodic line supported by harmonies.
- Symphony and Sonata: The symphony and sonata became important instrumental forms during the Classical era.
- Composers: Prominent composers of the Classical period include Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Joseph Haydn, and Ludwig van Beethoven.
- Development of the Piano: The piano, a versatile and expressive instrument, gained popularity during this period.
These points highlight some of the key differences between the Baroque and Classical periods in music. It’s important to note that these are general characteristics, and there may be variations within individual compositions and composers of each era
- The Baroque period in music spanned from __________ to __________. (a) 1600, 1750 (b) 1750, 1820 (c) 1820, 1900
- Baroque music is characterized by __________ ornamentation and intricate melodies. (a) simple (b) minimal (c) elaborate
- In Baroque music, the use of basso continuo involved a __________ instrument and a keyboard instrument. (a) percussion (b) wind (c) bass
- The dynamic range in Baroque music was generally __________ throughout a piece. (a) varied (b) consistent (c) nonexistent
- The dominant texture in Classical music was __________, with a single melodic line supported by harmonies. (a) polyphonic (b) homophonic (c) monophonic
- The Classical period in music emerged around __________ and lasted until the early 19th century. (a) 1600 (b) 1750 (c) 1820
- Classical music emphasized __________ and balanced structures. (a) complexity (b) simplicity (c) dissonance
- The use of dynamics expanded during the __________ period, allowing for greater contrast between loud and soft sections. (a) Baroque (b) Classical (c) Romantic
- The piano gained popularity during the __________ period. (a) Baroque (b) Classical (c) Romantic
- Prominent composers of the Baroque period include Johann Sebastian Bach, George Frideric Handel, and __________. (a) Ludwig van Beethoven (b) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (c) Antonio Vivaldi
- Introduction (5 minutes)
- Greet the students and provide a brief overview of the topic.
- Explain the importance of understanding the historical periods in music.
- Historical Context (10 minutes)
- Present a timeline highlighting the Baroque and Classical periods.
- Discuss the societal and cultural factors influencing music during each period.
- Show images of significant composers and landmarks from the respective eras.
- Characteristics of the Baroque Period (15 minutes)
- Discuss the ornate ornamentation, elaborate melodies, and intricate harmonies of Baroque music.
- Explain the use of basso continuo, polyphonic textures, and the development of opera and oratorio.
- Play audio examples of representative Baroque compositions.
- Characteristics of the Classical Period (15 minutes)
- Contrast the Classical period with the Baroque, emphasizing simplicity, clarity, and balance.
- Discuss the homophonic textures, dynamic contrasts, and the rise of symphony and sonata forms.
- Play audio examples of representative Classical compositions.
- Comparison and Contrast (10 minutes)
- Facilitate a class discussion on the differences between the Baroque and Classical periods.
- Encourage students to identify key characteristics and express their observations
- Presenting the historical context and characteristics of each period.
- Playing audio examples of representative compositions.
- Facilitating class discussions and encouraging student participation.
- Guiding students in analyzing and comparing the two periods.
- Actively listening to the presentation and audio examples.
- Taking notes on the key characteristics of each period.
- Participating in class discussions and sharing their observations.
- Asking questions to clarify their understanding
- Formative Assessment: Throughout the lesson, the teacher will gauge students’ understanding by asking questions, encouraging discussions, and providing feedback.
- Summative Assessment: At the end of the lesson, students will be given a short quiz to assess their knowledge of the differences between the Baroque and Classical periods.
- When did the Baroque period in music occur?
- What are some characteristics of Baroque music?
- Which texture dominated music in the Classical period?
- How did dynamics differ between the Baroque and Classical periods?
- What are some instrumental forms that emerged during the Classical period?
- Name one prominent composer from the Baroque period.
- Explain the concept of basso continuo in Baroque music.
- What were some societal influences on music during the Classical period?
- Describe the differences in ornamentation between Baroque and Classical music.
- How did the piano gain popularity during the Classical period
- Recap the key differences between the Baroque and Classical periods.
- Encourage students to continue exploring music from these eras.
- Emphasize the importance of understanding historical contexts and musical styles in order to appreciate and analyze music from different periods.
- Thank the students for their participation and engagement throughout the lesson.
- Provide any additional resources or recommendations for further exploration of Baroque and Classical music.
- Encourage students to continue developing their listening skills and appreciation for different musical styles.
By the end of this lesson, students should have a solid understanding of the differences between the Baroque and Classical periods in music. They will be able to identify the key characteristics of each period, recognize representative compositions, and appreciate the historical and cultural contexts that shaped these musical eras. The lesson also aims to foster critical thinking, communication, and listening skills, which are essential in the study of music and other disciplines
THIRD TERM EXAMINATION FOR PRIMARY SCHOOLS PRIMARY 1 TO PRIMARY 6 MUSIC