First Term


Week 3




Previous lesson: Pupils have previous knowledge of




that was taught in their previous lesson






Behavioural objectives: At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to


  • say the meaning of kinds of music
  • write out the classification of music
  • give examples of musical terms


Instructional Materials:

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching:

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials:

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks



Kinds of Music

We have several kinds of music and they include the following:

(i) Folk Music: This is refers to the traditional music of a people, which is performed in the people`s community according to the culture of the people. Usually, folk music is not written, rather it is transmitted orally from generation to generation.

(ii) Classical Music: This is refers to real standard music which develops as a result of education. It originated from Germany, France, England, Austria and other western countries. This class of music was composed by great masters like Bach, Handel, Schubert, Beethoven, Haydn etc. some examples of classical music are operas, symphonies, oratorios, sonatas, suites, chorales and so on.

(iii) Sacred Music: This is also called Religious music. It is mainly used for worship. Examples include hymns, anthems, canticles, masses, cantatas, organ music, and also traditional worship songs used for rituals.

(iv) Popular Music: This refers to the current music of the present time. It is designed for entertainment and commercial purposes. Some of them are reggae, disco, highlife, etc.

(v) Martial Music: This is military music, usually played by the Army, Navy, Air force, and Police. It is played during official functions and in time of war.

(vi) Art Music: This is a musical composition of a trained composer whose work is accepted as having reached a reasonable standard.


  1. State different categories of music.
  2. Distinguish between folk music and classical.

Classification of Music

Music can be classified into three principal groups, namely Vocal music, Instrumental music and Dance music pointing that:

  1. Vocal Music refers to music for the voice. It involves singing of songs e.g. hymns, anthems, and so on. Vocal music can be performed with or without instruments.
  2. Instrumental music means music for instruments only. It does not involve singing and dancing. It is purely instrumental work, often played for listening pleasures and appreciation.
  3. Dance Music is designed for body expression. In most cases, dance music involves  vocal music(singing), instrumental work (instrumentation) and costumes.


Musical Terms

Symbol Term Effect
MF Mezzo forte Moderately loud
FF Fortissimo Very loud
< or cres Crescendo Gradually becoming louder
> or decres Decrescendo/Dimuendo Gradually becoming softer





The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise




The class teacher wraps up or concludes the lesson by giving out a short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she makes the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.







  1. Define pitch.
  2. How many groups can we classify music?
  3. State the three major groups of music.
  4. Describe each of the music groups.
  5. List some elements of music.
  6. Describe rhythm as an element of music.
  7. State the uses and impact of music you know.
  8. State any three qualities of music.
  9. What is sound? Give examples.
  10. Name four sources of sound.





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