Sanitation (1)

Subject : 

Health Habits

Topic :

Sanitation (1)

Term :

Third Term / 1st Term



Class :

Nursery 1


Previous lesson : 

The pupils have the previous knowledge of

Health Habits Nursery 1 ( 2nd Term )

that was taught in the last lesson



Behavioural objectives :

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • Say the meaning of sanitation
  • Say places where pupils can show cleanliness and hygiene

Instructional Materials :

  • Water Basins
  • Cups
  • Charts
  • Picture books
  • Towel
  • Related Online Video

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks


Content :

Table of Contents

Sanitation (I)

Sanitation means being cleanliness.

Cleanliness hygiene is that law or state of always being clean and neat.

Sanitation involves the ability to keep our environment and physical surroundings free from solid and liquid waste.

Pupils are made to know that there is a need for them not to litter their environment with pieces of paper and they must always use the dustbin or the waste paper basket



How To Maintain Good Sanitation At Home 

1.  Always take your bath regularly

2. Brush your teeth at least two times in a day

3. Put on clean clothes always

4. Always use your nose mask

5. Wash your hands with soap and fre flowing water for at least 20 minutes

6. Keep all kitchen utensils neat, clean and dry

7. Take care of your fingernails

8. Do not leave your hair unkempt

9.  Watch what you eat and your weight

10. Dispose old useless items so that they don’t house rodents or pests


How To Maintain Good Sanitation In School 

1. Do not litter the school compound with pieces of paper.

2. Always make use of the toilets to ease yourself. Do not defecate in your classrooms or urinate on your body

3. Always put your bags and food flasks in the right place

4. Make sure food remnants or remains are not in your bags because they may become smelly or attract mice or rats

5. Mop up any water spillage to make the floor safe

6. Do not leave food remnants under your locker in school

7. Help the pupils (the young ones) to change their dipper when they become wet or messed up

8. Do not stain or dirty the wall painting

9. Do not mess up or tear the wall charts in your classrooms

10. Do not walk in the drainage that is meant for free flow of water






The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise




The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.



Mention four cleanliness rules at home

  1. ____________________________________
  2. ____________________________________
  3. ____________________________________
  4. ____________________________________



Mention four cleanliness rules in school.

  1. ____________________________________
  2. ____________________________________
  3. ____________________________________
  4. ____________________________________