Basic Skills in Football Physical and Health Education Primary 4 First Term Lesson Notes Week 8

Class: Primary 4

Subject: Physical and Health Education

Topic: Basic Skills in Football and Players and their Positions

Sub-topic: Introduction to Basic Skills and Player Positions

Duration: 45 minutes

Term: First Term

Week: 9

Instructional Materials:

  • Footballs
  • Player position illustrations
  • Whiteboard and markers
  • Whistle

Previous Knowledge: Students should be familiar with the game of football but may not know specific player positions and basic skills.

Set Induction: Begin by showing pictures of football players in different positions and asking students what they think each player does on the field.

Behavioural Objectives:

  1. To introduce students to basic skills in football.
  2. To teach students about different player positions and their roles.

Teaching Methods:

  • Visual aids
  • Group discussions
  • Interactive demonstrations



These skills are essential for players to excel in the sport. They include:

  1. Dribbling: Controlling the ball while moving with your feet.
  2. Passing: Accurately sending the ball to a teammate.
  3. Juggling: Keeping the ball in the air using various parts of your body.
  4. Receiving: Controlling and bringing the ball under your command.
  5. Shooting: Striking the ball towards the goal to score.
  6. Trapping: Stopping and controlling the ball upon receiving it.
  7. Heading: Using your forehead to direct the ball during play.
  8. Throwing: Accurately throwing the ball in from the sidelines.

These skills are fundamental for success in football and are essential for players to develop and master.


  1. Goalkeeper: Their primary role is to prevent the opposing team from scoring goals. They are the only players allowed to use their hands, but only within the penalty area.
  2. Defenders: Positioned in front of the goalkeeper, their primary task is to defend their own goal and prevent the opposing team from entering their goal area.
  3. Outside Fullbacks: They play on the flanks (left and right) and focus on preventing the ball from passing them. They tend to stay in their positions.
  4. Central Defenders: Positioned in the center of the field, their main responsibility is to mark and defend against the opposition’s leading goal scorer.
  5. Midfielders: They act as a link between defenders and attackers. Midfielders need to be physically strong, as they cover a lot of ground. They also defend when the opposing team has the ball.
  6. Forwards: Their primary aim is to score goals or create scoring opportunities for their teammates.
  7. Center Forward (Striker): The center forward is typically the most skilled and dangerous player on the team. They are also known as strikers and are often the leading goal scorers.

These positions play different roles in a football team, contributing to the overall strategy and success of the team.


  1. Explain the importance of understanding player positions in football.
  2. Introduce the concept of basic skills in football.

Step 1: Teacher’s Activities:

  • Show pictures of different player positions (goalkeeper, defenders, midfielders, forwards).
  • Explain the roles and responsibilities of each position.
  • Encourage students to ask questions.

Step 2: Teacher’s Activities:

  • Demonstrate basic football skills like dribbling, passing, and shooting.
  • Use visual aids to illustrate these skills.
  • Engage students in a short discussion about the skills.

Step 3: Teacher’s Activities:

  • Divide students into groups.
  • Assign each group a player position to discuss and present to the class.
  • Encourage them to share their understanding of the roles.
  • Provide feedback and clarify any misconceptions.

Learners’ Activities: Step 1:

  • Observe the pictures and listen to the teacher’s explanations.
  • Ask questions if anything is unclear.

Step 2:

  • Watch the teacher’s demonstrations and discuss the skills with peers.
  • Try out basic skills under the teacher’s guidance.

Step 3:

  • Collaborate in groups to research and discuss player positions.
  • Prepare presentations on their assigned positions.

Evaluation: Observe group presentations and assess students’ understanding of player positions and basic skills. Encourage participation and ask questions to check comprehension.

  1. Dribbling is one of the basic _______ in football. a) positions b) skills c) goals d) players
  2. The primary aim of a goalkeeper is to stop the opposing team from _______. a) eating b) shouting c) scoring d) jumping
  3. Defenders are placed in front of the _______ to protect it. a) coach b) referee c) goalkeeper d) fan
  4. Outside fullbacks play on the left and right _______. a) tables b) corners c) flanks d) buildings
  5. Central defenders are positioned in the _______ of the field. a) middle b) sky c) ocean d) space
  6. Midfielders are the link between _______ and attackers. a) birds b) defenders c) music d) doctors
  7. Forwards’ main aim is to _______ goals. a) avoid b) score c) dance d) hide
  8. The center forward is also called a _______. a) striker b) singer c) teacher d) painter
  9. Passing the ball to a teammate is a _______ skill in football. a) passing b) basic c) running d) cooking
  10. Juggling involves keeping the ball in the air using various parts of your _______. a) hands b) head c) body d) teeth
  11. Defenders try to stop the opposing team from entering their own _______ area. a) goal b) picnic c) school d) garden
  12. Midfielders need to be fit and physically _______ than other players. a) taller b) stronger c) slower d) softer
  13. Heading the ball means using your _______ to direct it. a) head b) foot c) elbow d) knee
  14. Strikers are often the _______ goal scorers in the game. a) fastest b) youngest c) leading d) funniest
  15. Good dribblers keep the ball _______ to their feet. a) far away b) close c) high d) colorful

This lesson will help students grasp the fundamentals of football, including player positions and basic skills. It encourages interactive learning and active participation.