The Nigerian Constitution and The Mace

The Nigerian Constitution and The Mace

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Subject   :  Civic Education


Class  : Basic 3 / Primary 3  / Class 3


Term : First  Term


Week  : Week


Topic  :  The Nigerian Constitution and The Mace


Previous Knowledge : The pupils have previous knowledge of Nigerian National Symbols that was taught  in their previous classes

Behavioural  Objectives : At the end of the lesson , pupils should be able to

  • Explain the meaning of the constitution
  • say the purpose of the mace
  • mention the importance  of the Constitution and the mace in The Hose of Senate

Instructional Materials 

  • Pictures of objects commonly seen at home
  • Objects seen at home
  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Online Resource
  • Textbooks

Methods of Teaching 

  • Role modelling
  • Questions and Answers
  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Recitation
  • Imitation

Content :  

The Nigerian constitution  : The Nigerian constitution is a set of written rules , regulations and laws by which the affairs of the nation is governed . The president and other political officials in Nigeria derive their power and authority to rule or lead us from the provision of the constitutions . If the president or any other political official does anything that is against the provision of the law, then such action is said to be illegal , null and void . The activities of the Nigerian citizens are also guided by the provision of the Nigeria constitution . If any citizen does anything that is against what is written inside the constitution , then such acts of the citizen may be termed as criminal acts and he or she may be subjected to criminal prosecution  .


The Mace : The mace the symbol of authority . It must be present before the preceding of any sitting in the house . It is in the custody of the Sergeant-at-Arm . It is respected and honoured as one of the National symbols in Nigeria





The topic is presented step by step

Step 1 : The class teacher revises the old topic

Step 2 : The class teacher introduces the new topic

Step 3 : The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own contributions and gives room for pupils” participation


Class Teacher And Pupils Activities. Interaction or  Participation 

This involves class teacher  and pupils interaction , conversation , imitation or modeling through discussion , play method or just by recitation or asking and answering questions that are related to the topic that has just been taught

  • The class teacher will make available for the pupils a copy of The Nigerian 1999 constitution
  • Pupils are to make an improvised mace for their classroom
  • The class teacher may appoint one pupil to be the sergeant at arm that will carry the mace in


  1. The constitution is a book that directs and guide leader on how to direct the affairs of a county ( true / false )
  2. The Nigerian constitution is unwritten  ( true / false )
  3. The mace is a symbol of authority ( true / false )
  4. at times The Mace had been used as weapon of war during hot arguments in the house ( true / false )
  5. The Nigerian flag can be seen in some churches in Nigeria .( true / false )
  6. The colour of the Nigerian flag ( true / false )is blue , red and blue
  7. Police is your friend ( true / false )
  8. The mace stands for authority in the house . ( True / false )
  9. The National pledge has two stanzas ( true / false )
  10. The Nigerian Constitution can be amended ( true / false )


The class teacher does the necessary corrections and he or she goes round to mark .



The class teacher should stimulate the pupils’ interest  on flag and the coat of arms as national symbols


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