INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT)
Previous lesson :
The pupils have previous knowledge of ICT in their previous class
Behavioural objectives :
At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to
- DEFINE COMPUTER SYSTEM
- EXPLAIN TYPES OF SOFTWARES
- MENTION TYPES OF HARDWARES
Instructional Materials :
- Wall charts
- Related Online Video
- Flash Cards
- A Desktop computer of Laptop
Methods of Teaching :
- Class Discussion
- Group Discussion
- Asking Questions
- Role Modelling
- Role Delegation
Reference Materials :
- Scheme of Work
- Online Information
- 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
A computer system is an electronic device that can accept data, process it and turn it into useful information for man’s use like decision making. It is also a group of different devices that work together with the help of stored programs to accept process, store and retrieve information.
Different parts of computer system that can be seen or touched are called HARDWARE while the stored programs or written instructions that enables the computer system to function better are called SOFTWARE.
The hardware of a computer system are explained below.
Examples of input devices are: keyboard, Mouse, Joystick, Light pen, Scanner etc. All these are used to send messages, data or information in form of data and instructions into the computer. The most common of these are keyboard and mouse.
Examples of output devices are: Monitor, printer, speakers, plotters, data projector etc. They are used for displaying or showing information from the computer.
The topic is presented step by step
The class teacher revises the previous topics
He introduces the new topic
The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise
The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.
The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.
He or she does the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.
- Explain the meaning of a computer system
- Mention two output devices
- Write out three input devices
- What is hardware
- Mention five computer users
Prepare for the next lesson by reading about computer networks