BASIC CONCEPT OF DRUG AND DRUG ABUSE, NATURE OF DRUG ABUSE.

Subject :

Social Studies

Topic :

BASIC CONCEPT OF DRUG AND DRUG ABUSE, NATURE OF DRUG ABUSE.

Class :

Primary 6

Term :

Second Term,

Week :

Week 10

Instructional Materials :

  • Meaning of drugs, drug abuse
  • Consequences of drug abuse

 

Reference Materials

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum

Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have previous knowledge of PEACE EDUCATION

 

 

Behavioural Objectives :  At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • Meaning of drugs, drug abuse
  • Consequences of drug abuse

 

 

Content :

Drugs are what we take to prevent or cure illness or diseases.

Types of drugs

  1. Legal drugs: they are used in treating diseases and injuries. They are in the form of liquid (syrup) or solid (tablets) which a person can drink or swallowed. Sometimes the liquid drug is taken through the use of injection. Legal drugs are gotten from a pharmaceutical stores, hospital.

A person that sells drugs legally can be called any of these names; a druggist, a pharmacist, a chemist.

Legal drug is divided into two

  1. Naturally occurring drugs: these are chemical substance produce by nature. These are drugs obtained from natural sources  like vegetable, kolanut, coffee.herbs, etc
  2. Synthetic drugs: these are chemical substance produced by human being to prevent or cure diseases. e.g. aspirin, chloroquine, paracetamol
  • Illegal drugs are drugs that some people smoke, drink or inject for the physical and mental effects it has on them. Illegal drugs are mostly stimulants.

A person who sells illegal drugs is called a drug dealer.

Examples of illegal drugs

  1. Cannabis such as hemp, afifia,ganga, igbo.
  2. Alchohol such as paraga,  Kai-kai, beer, hot drink.
  3. Tobacco such as taba.
  4. Heroin
  5. Cocaine
  6. Ritaline
  7. Methaqualone;it is a Sedative-hypnotic drugIt is commonly known as poroder or ntu.

Most people get illegal drugs through friends, families and strangers.

Drug abuse happens when we misuse drug. It is the improper way of using drug that is harmful to the person.

CONSEQUENCES OF SOME DRUGS

  1. HEROINE
  2. Jaundice
  3. Chills and cramps
  4. Respiratory infection
  5. Panic
  6. Nausea
  7. Lack of appetite
  8. Loss of weight
  9. COCAINE
  10. High blood pressure
  11. Stroke
  12. Loss of weight
  13. Convulsions
  14. death
  15. SEDATIVE DRUG.e.g valium and mandrax
  16. Truancy
  17. School drop out
  18. Anxiety
  19. Disorientation
  20. Poor school performance

EFFECTS OF NORMAL AND EXCESSIVE USE OF DRUGS

  1. Damage of the body
  2. Death
  3. Ill health

CHARACTERISTICS OF DRUG ABUSERS

  1. Heroine
  2. Excessive happiness
  3. Pain and shivering when not on drug
  4. Cocaine
  5. Sleeplessness
  6. Lack of appetite
  7. Excessive happiness of depression when not on drug
  8. Sedative drugs
  9. Drunkenness
  10. Tremor
  11. Convulsion when not  on drugs

PRIMARY SOURCES OF HELP FOR DRUG ABUSERS

  1. Rehabilitation centers
  2. Re –orientation by teachers
  3. Re –orientation y parents
  4. Older relations
  5. School health offices

CONSEQUENCES OF DRUG ABUSE

Drug abuse create pleasurable feelings that encourage the tendency to use it over and over again.

It leads to the development of tolerance to drug which lead the person to larger quantity produces the same effects.

FACTORS SUSTAINING DRUG ABUSE BEHAVIOUR

  1. Pleasurable effects of drugs
  2. Unpleasant effects on withdrawal
  3. Inability to control peer pressure

 

 

Presentation

The topic is presented step by step

 

Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics

 

Step 2.

He introduces the new topic

 

Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise

 

Evaluation :

  • What is  drug abuse
  • Mention three Consequences of taking drugs without doctor’s advice

 

Conclusion :

 

The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.

 

Assignment :

Prepare for the next lesson by reading about

SYNTHETIC AND NATURALLY OCCURRING DRUGS

 

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