BASIC CONCEPT OF DRUG AND DRUG ABUSE, NATURE OF DRUG ABUSE.

Subject :

Social Studies

Topic :

BASIC CONCEPT OF DRUG AND DRUG ABUSE, NATURE OF DRUG ABUSE.

Class :

Primary 6

Term :

Second Term,

Week :

Week 10

Instructional Materials :

  • Meaning of drugs, drug abuse
  • Consequences of drug abuse

 

Reference Materials

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum

Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have previous knowledge of PEACE EDUCATION

 

 

Behavioural Objectives :  At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • Meaning of drugs, drug abuse
  • Consequences of drug abuse

 

 

Content :

Drugs are what we take to prevent or cure illness or diseases.

A drug is a substance that can alter the way the body functions. Some drugs are used to treat medical conditions and are considered safe when used as directed, while others can be harmful and addictive.

Drug abuse is the use of drugs for non-medical purposes or in excessive amounts. It can lead to physical and psychological dependence and can have serious negative consequences on an individual’s health, relationships, and daily life. Some common types of drugs that are commonly abused include alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, prescription medications, and illegal drugs such as cocaine and methamphetamine.

The nature of drug abuse can vary depending on the specific drug being abused and the individual using it. Some people may use drugs recreationally to experience a sense of pleasure or escape from reality, while others may use drugs as a way to cope with stress, anxiety, or other mental health issues. Regardless of the reason for drug abuse, it can lead to serious health problems and social consequences.

Types of drugs

  1. Legal drugs: they are used in treating diseases and injuries. They are in the form of liquid (syrup) or solid (tablets) which a person can drink or swallow. Sometimes the liquid drug is taken through the use of injection. Legal drugs are gotten from a pharmaceutical store, hospital.

A person that sells drugs legally can be called any of these names; a druggist, a pharmacist, a chemist.

Legal drug is divided into two

  1. Naturally occurring drugs: these are chemical substance produce by nature. These are drugs obtained from natural sources like vegetable, kolanut, coffee.herbs, etc
  2. Synthetic drugs: these are chemical substance produced by human being to prevent or cure diseases. e.g., aspirin, chloroquine, paracetamol
  • Illegal drugs are drugs that some people smoke, drink or inject for the physical and mental effects it has on them. Illegal drugs are mostly stimulants.

A person who sells illegal drugs is called a drug dealer.

Examples of illegal drugs

  1. Cannabis such as hemp, afifia,ganga, igbo.
  2. Alchohol such as paraga,  Kai-kai, beer, hot drink.
  3. Tobacco such as taba.
  4. Heroin
  5. Cocaine
  6. Ritaline
  7. Methaqualone;it is a Sedative-hypnotic drugIt is commonly known as poroder or ntu.

Most people get illegal drugs through friends, families and strangers.

Drug abuse happens when we misuse drug. It is the improper way of using drug that is harmful to the person.

There are many different types of drugs, and they can be classified in a variety of ways. Some common categories of drugs include:

  1. Alcohol: a legal, psychoactive drug that is consumed by drinking alcoholic beverages.
  2. Tobacco: a psychoactive drug that is consumed by smoking tobacco products, such as cigarettes.
  3. Prescription drugs: drugs that are legally available only with a prescription from a medical doctor. These can include medications for pain, anxiety, depression, and other conditions.
  4. Illegal drugs: drugs that are not legal to buy, sell, or use in a given jurisdiction. Examples of illegal drugs include cocaine, marijuana, and methamphetamine.
  5. Hallucinogens: drugs that alter a person’s perception of reality and can cause hallucinations. Examples include LSD, psilocybin mushrooms, and mescaline.
  6. Stimulants: drugs that increase alertness, energy, and heart rate. Examples include amphetamines, caffeine, and cocaine.
  7. Depressants: drugs that slow down the central nervous system and can cause drowsiness and relaxation. Examples include alcohol, barbiturates, and benzodiazepines.
  8. Opioids: drugs that are used to relieve pain and can be highly addictive. Examples include morphine, oxycodone, and heroin.

CONSEQUENCES OF SOME DRUGS

HEROINE

  1. Jaundice
  2. Chills and cramps
  3. Respiratory infection
  4. Panic
  5. Nausea
  6. Lack of appetite
  7. Loss of weight

COCAINE

  1. High blood pressure
  2. Stroke
  3. Loss of weight
  4. Convulsions
  5. death

SEDATIVE DRUG.e.g valium and mandrax

  1. Truancy
  2. School drop out
  3. Anxiety
  4. Disorientation
  5. Poor school performance

EFFECTS OF NORMAL AND EXCESSIVE USE OF DRUGS

  1. Damage of the body
  2. Death
  3. Ill health

CHARACTERISTICS OF DRUG ABUSERS

Heroine

  1. Excessive happiness
  2. Pain and shivering when not on drug

Cocaine

  1. Sleeplessness
  2. Lack of appetite
  3. Excessive happiness of depression when not on drug

Sedative drugs

  1. Drunkenness
  2. Tremor
  3. Convulsion when not  on drugs

PRIMARY SOURCES OF HELP FOR DRUG ABUSERS

  1. Rehabilitation centers
  2. Re –orientation by teachers
  3. Re –orientation y parents
  4. Older relations
  5. School health offices

CONSEQUENCES OF DRUG ABUSE

Drug abuse creates pleasurable feelings that encourage the tendency to use it over and over again.

It leads to the development of tolerance to drug which lead the person to larger quantity produces the same effects.

FACTORS SUSTAINING DRUG ABUSE BEHAVIOUR

  1. Pleasurable effects of drugs
  2. Unpleasant effects on withdrawal
  3. Inability to control peer pressure

Drug abuse can have a wide range of negative consequences, both for the individual using drugs and for society as a whole. Here are some potential consequences of drug abuse:

  1. Health problems: Drug abuse can lead to a variety of health problems, including overdose, organ damage, infectious diseases (such as HIV/AIDS and hepatitis), mental health issues, and addiction.
  2. Accidents and injuries: People who are under the influence of drugs may be more likely to have accidents or suffer injuries as a result of impaired judgment and coordination.
  3. Relationship problems: Drug abuse can strain relationships with family and friends and can lead to social isolation.
  4. Legal problems: Illegal drug use can result in arrest and incarceration. Even legal drugs, such as prescription medications, can lead to legal problems if they are used in ways that are not prescribed or recommended.
  5. Financial problems: The cost of obtaining drugs can lead to financial strain and may lead to illegal activities to obtain drugs.
  6. Employment problems: Drug abuse can affect an individual’s ability to perform their job and may lead to job loss or difficulty finding employment.
  7. Educational problems: Drug abuse can interfere with an individual’s ability to concentrate and perform well in school, which can lead to academic problems.
  8. Social problems: Drug abuse can contribute to social problems such as crime, violence, and homelessness.
Evaluation
  1. Which of the following is NOT a potential consequence of drug abuse? a) Health problems b) Improved relationships c) Legal problems d) Financial strain e) Employment problems
  2. Which of the following is the correct definition of a drug? a) A substance that can alter the way the body functions b) A substance that only has positive effects on the body c) A substance that is always illegal d) A substance that is only used for medical purposes e) A substance that is only used recreationally
  3. What is drug abuse? a) The use of drugs for non-medical purposes or in excessive amounts b) The use of drugs in the recommended amounts as prescribed by a medical doctor c) The use of illegal drugs d) The use of drugs to cope with stress or mental health issues e) The use of drugs to experience pleasure or escape reality
  4. What is the nature of drug abuse? a) It is always recreational in nature b) It is always related to mental health issues c) It can vary depending on the specific drug being abused and the individual using it d) It is always illegal e) It is always medically necessary
  5. Which of the following is NOT a potential consequence of drug abuse? a) Accidents and injuries b) Improved physical health c) Relationship problems d) Legal problems e) Employment problems
  6. What is the basic concept of drug abuse? a) It is always harmful and addictive b) It is only related to illegal drugs c) It is the use of drugs for non-medical purposes or in excessive amounts d) It is the use of drugs to experience pleasure or escape reality e) It is the use of drugs to cope with stress or mental health issues
  7. Which of the following is NOT a potential consequence of drug abuse? a) Social problems b) Educational problems c) Improved mental health d) Financial strain e) Employment problems
  8. What is the basic concept of a drug? a) A substance that only has positive effects on the body b) A substance that is always illegal c) A substance that is only used for medical purposes d) A substance that can alter the way the body functions e) A substance that is only used recreationally
  9. Which of the following is NOT a potential consequence of drug abuse? a) Health problems b) Improved relationships c) Legal problems d) Financial strain e) Improved employment prospects
  10. What is the nature of drug abuse? a) It is always recreational in nature b) It is always related to mental health issues c) It can vary depending on the specific drug being abused and the individual using it d) It is always illegal e) It is always medically necessary

 

Presentation

The topic is presented step by step

 

Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics

 

Step 2.

He introduces the new topic

 

Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise

 

Evaluation :

  • What is drug abuse
  • Mention three Consequences of taking drugs without doctor’s advice
  • What are the potential consequences of drug abuse on an individual’s health?
  • How can drug abuse affect relationships with family and friends?
  • How can drug abuse lead to financial problems?
  • In what ways can drug abuse interfere with an individual’s ability to perform well in school or at work?
  • How can drug abuse contribute to social problems such as crime and homelessness?

 

Conclusion:

 

The class teacher wraps up or concludes the lesson by giving out a short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she makes the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.

 

Assignment:

Prepare for the next lesson by reading about

SYNTHETIC AND NATURALLY OCCURRING DRUGS

 

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