Movement of the Body Physical Development Primary 1 First Term Lesson Notes Week 1

Subject: Physical and Health Education

Class: Primary 1

Term: First Term

Week: 1

Age: 6 years

Topic: Movement of the Body

Duration: 40 minutes

Behavioural Objectives:

By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. Identify different ways the body can move.
  2. Demonstrate running, jumping, and skipping rope movements.

Key Words:

  • Movement
  • Running
  • Jumping
  • Skipping
  • Walking
  • Leaping
  • Stepping
  • Hopping

Set Induction:

Start by asking students to show how they can move their bodies, like running in place or jumping gently, to get them excited about learning different movements.

Entry Behaviour:

Students should already be familiar with activities like running and skipping ropes from their previous experiences.

Learning Resources and Materials:

  • Pictures of children running, jumping, and skipping
  • Mats or soft ground for jumping activities
  • Skipping ropes

Building Background / Connection to Prior Knowledge:

Remind students that all living things move to find food or shelter, and ask them to share times when they’ve run or skipped.

Embedded Core Skills:

  • Physical coordination
  • Balance
  • Stamina

Learning Materials:

  • Visual aids (pictures)
  • Mats
  • Skipping ropes

Reference Books:

  • Lagos State Scheme of Work for Primary 1

Instructional Materials:

  • Visual aids
  • Mats
  • Skipping ropes


Explanation of Movement Types:

  1. Running:
    • Moving quickly with your legs.
    • Example: Running in a race.
  2. Jumping:
    • Going up into the air and coming back down.
    • Example: Jumping over a small obstacle.
  3. Skipping:
    • Jumping over a rope and landing on alternating feet.
    • Example: Playing with a skipping rope.
  4. Walking:
    • Moving forward slowly with small steps.
    • Example: Walking to school.
  5. Leaping:
    • Jumping forward with both feet together.
    • Example: Leaping like a frog.
  6. Stepping:
    • Moving one foot after the other.
    • Example: Stepping up onto a curb.
  7. Hopping:
    • Jumping on one foot repeatedly.
    • Example: Hopping like a bunny.


  1. Jumping involves going _______ into the air. a) Backward b) Up c) Down d) Forward
  2. Running is faster than _______. a) Walking b) Crawling c) Jumping d) Leaping
  3. Skipping involves jumping over a _______. a) Chair b) Table c) Rope d) Ball
  4. Walking is done _______ by moving forward. a) Slowly b) Quickly c) Quietly d) Loudly
  5. Leaping uses both feet to _______ forward. a) Jump b) Hop c) Skip d) Run
  6. Stepping means moving one _______ after the other. a) Arm b) Leg c) Head d) Hand
  7. Hopping is jumping on _______ foot. a) One b) Two c) Three d) Four
  8. When you run, you move with your _______. a) Hands b) Feet c) Head d) Body
  9. Skipping rope is a fun _______ activity. a) Swimming b) Dancing c) Running d) Jumping
  10. Jumping helps you go _______. a) Down b) Up c) Sideways d) Backward

Class Activity Discussion:

  1. What is running? Running is when you move quickly with your legs.
  2. How do you skip rope? You jump over a rope and land on alternating feet.
  3. What is leaping? Leaping is jumping forward using both feet together.
  4. Why is walking slower than running? Walking uses smaller steps and is not as fast as running.
  5. When do you use hopping? Hopping is used when you jump on one foot repeatedly.
  6. What is stepping? Stepping means moving one foot after the other.
  7. How can jumping be helpful? Jumping can help you reach higher places.
  8. Is skipping rope a solo activity? Yes, you can skip rope alone or with friends.
  9. Can you leap over a small object? Yes, you can leap over obstacles like small rocks.
  10. Why do we walk slowly sometimes? We walk slowly to be careful and not fall.


Step 1:

Review what students know about running and skipping ropes from their previous activities.

Step 2:

Introduce new ways to move the body, like jumping, leaping, and hopping.

Step 3:

Let students show how they move their bodies and correct them when needed.

Teacher’s Activities:

  • Demonstrate each movement.
  • Guide students in practicing movements.
  • Provide feedback and corrections.

Learners’ Activities:

  • Watch the teacher demonstrate.
  • Try out movements like running and jumping.
  • Participate in discussions and activities.


Observe how well students perform each movement and offer individual feedback.

Evaluation Questions:

  1. What is running?
  2. How do you skip rope?
  3. Name a movement that involves jumping forward.
  4. Describe walking.
  5. What is leaping?
  6. Explain stepping.
  7. How is hopping different from jumping?
  8. When do you use running?
  9. Why is skipping rope fun?
  10. Can you name another way to move your body?


Wrap up the lesson by summarizing the different movements learned today and ensuring all students understand. Make sure everyone has copied the notes correctly and make corrections as needed.


Jumping involves taking giant steps up in the airr

5 Fun Jumping Game for Preschoolers

Walking involves movement that is done step by step by moving forward

How to get in shape easily by walking - Business Insider
Skipping can be done by jumping over ropes repeatedly
8 Benefits of Skipping Rope You Should Know

Running involves a type of walk with longer strides or steps, and it is always faster than walking

10 Proven Benefits of Running: Why Runners Live Better and Longer
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