Tonic Sol-fa and Song Singing Cultural and Creative Arts Primary 1 First Term Lesson Notes Week 9

Lesson Plan for Teaching Tonic Sol-fa and Song

Subject: Cultural and Creative Arts
Class: Primary 1
Term: First Term
Week: 9
Age: 6 years
Sex: Mixed
Topic: Tonic Sol-fa and Song Practice
Duration: 1 Hour

Behavioural Objectives:

By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. Understand the basics of tonic sol-fa notation.
  2. Sing the song “Sing the day is bright, is bright and fear happy day of joy” using tonic sol-fa notation.
  3. Repeat the song several times with correct pitch and rhythm.

Key Words:

  • Tonic sol-fa
  • Pitch
  • Rhythm
  • Song practice
  • Rehearsal

Set Induction:

Sing a familiar nursery rhyme using tonic sol-fa notation to introduce the concept to the pupils.

Entry Behaviour:

Pupils may have some familiarity with singing songs and nursery rhymes.

Learning Resources and Materials:

  • Tonic sol-fa flashcards (Do, Re, Mi, Fa, Sol, La, Ti, Do)
  • Song lyrics printed with tonic sol-fa notation
  • Audio recording of the song

Building Background / Connection to Prior Knowledge:

Discuss any previous experiences pupils have with singing and listening to songs.

Embedded Core Skills:

  • Singing
  • Listening
  • Memorization
  • Coordination

Reference Books:

  • Lagos State Scheme of Work for Primary 1
  • Basic Music Theory for Children

Instructional Materials:

  • Tonic sol-fa flashcards
  • Printed song lyrics with tonic sol-fa notation
  • Audio recording of the song

Content Explanation:

  1. Introduction to Tonic Sol-fa:
    • Explain that tonic sol-fa is a method of teaching music by using syllables (Do, Re, Mi, etc.) to represent musical notes.
    • Show and practice singing each syllable (Do, Re, Mi, etc.) with corresponding hand signs or gestures.
  2. Practice Song: “Sing the day is bright, is bright and fear happy day of joy”:
    • Introduce the song lyrics printed with tonic sol-fa notation.
    • Play the audio recording of the song for pupils to listen to the melody and rhythm.
    • Practice singing the song several times together, focusing on correct pitch and rhythm.


Step 1: The teacher introduces tonic sol-fa notation and explains its purpose in music.

Step 2: The teacher presents the song “Sing the day is bright, is bright and fear happy day of joy” with tonic sol-fa notation.

Step 3: The teacher leads pupils in singing the song, ensuring correct pitch and rhythm.

Teacher’s Activities:

  • Demonstrate each tonic sol-fa syllable (Do, Re, Mi, etc.) with hand signs.
  • Guide pupils in practicing the song, correcting pitch and rhythm as needed.

Learners’ Activities:

  • Listen and repeat the tonic sol-fa syllables.
  • Sing along with the teacher and the recorded song.
  • Practice the song multiple times to improve performance.



  • Observe pupils’ ability to sing using tonic sol-fa notation.
  • Check for correct pitch and rhythm during song practice.
  • Provide feedback on pronunciation of sol-fa syllables and overall performance.


The teacher encourages pupils to continue practicing the song at home and emphasizes the importance of listening and singing accurately using tonic sol-fa.

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