Road users and proper road use Basic Science Primary 2 Third Term Lesson Notes Week 10

Discover the meaning of roads and understand different types of road users like cars, bicycles, motorcycles, humans, and animals. Learn how each user can safely use the road with easy-to-understand examples for Primary 2 pupils.



Subject: Basic Science

Class: Primary 2

Term: Third Term

Week: 10

Topic: Road Users

Sub-topic: Correct Use of the Road

Duration: 40 minutes

Behavioural Objectives:

  • Pupils should be able to:
    • Say the meaning of roads.
    • Identify different road users (e.g., cars, bicycles, motorcycles, humans, animals, etc.).
    • Explain how each user correctly uses the road.

Key Words:

  • Road, road user, sidewalk, traffic light, crosswalk

Entry Behaviour:

  • Pupils have some prior knowledge of roads and may have seen different road users.

Learning Resources and Materials:

  • Pictures of roads, cars, bicycles, motorcycles, and people using the road
  • Traffic signs and signals
  • Videos of correct road usage
  • Worksheet for practice

Building Background / Connection to Prior Knowledge:

  • Begin by asking pupils about their experiences using roads. Ask if they have ever crossed a road or seen vehicles on the road.

Embedded Core Skills:

  • Critical thinking, observation, and decision-making.

Learning Materials:

  • Pictures and videos for illustration
  • Worksheets for practice

Reference Books:

  • Lagos State Scheme of Work
  • Basic Science textbooks for Primary 2

Instructional Materials:

  • Pictures of roads and different road users
  • Traffic signs and signals
  • Worksheets for practice


  • Meaning of roads and how they are used.
  • Types of road users (e.g., cars, bicycles, motorcycles, people, animals).
  • Correct use of the road by different users.
  1. Meaning of Roads:
    • Roads are paths made for people and vehicles to move from one place to another.
  2. Road Users:
    • Cars: Cars drive on the road to take people and things to different places.
    • Bicycles: Bicycles are ridden on the road by people going to school, work, or other places.
    • Motorcycles: Motorcycles ride on the road like cars, but they are smaller and can move quickly.
    • Humans (Pedestrians): People walk on the road to get where they need to go. They should use the sidewalk.
    • Animals: Sometimes, animals like dogs and cats may cross the road.
  3. Correct Use of the Road:
    • Cars: Drivers must follow traffic rules and stay in their lane.
    • Bicycles: Bikers should ride in a straight line and follow road signs.
    • Motorcycles: Motorcyclists must wear helmets and follow traffic rules.
    • Humans (Pedestrians): People should use the crosswalk when crossing the street and wait for the “walk” signal.
    • Animals: If you have a pet, keep it on a leash to keep it safe on the road.

Always remember to be careful on the road and follow the rules to stay safe! 😊


Step 1: Introduction and Revision (5 minutes)

Step 2: Introduce the new topic (10 minutes)

  • Begin with the meaning of a road and explain its importance.
  • Show pictures of different road users (cars, bicycles, motorcycles, people, and animals).
  • Discuss the different ways each road user should use the road correctly (e.g., cars should stop at red lights, pedestrians should use crosswalks).

Step 3: Pupils’ Contributions and Corrections (10 minutes)

  • Encourage pupils to share their experiences with roads and road safety.
  • Ask questions about what they have observed and experienced.
  • Provide corrections and feedback as necessary.

Teacher’s Activities:

  • Use pictures and videos to illustrate different road users and their correct use of the road.
  • Explain the meaning of roads and the importance of using them safely.
  • Class Activity Discussion
    1. Q: What is a road?
      • A: A road is a path for people and vehicles to move from one place to another.
    2. Q: Who are road users?
      • A: Road users include cars, bicycles, motorcycles, humans, and animals.
    3. Q: How should cars use the road?
      • A: Cars should follow traffic rules, stay in their lane, and use signals.
    4. Q: How should bicycles use the road?
      • A: Bicycles should stay on the right side and follow road signs.
    5. Q: What should motorcyclists wear?
      • A: Motorcyclists should wear helmets for safety.
    6. Q: Where should people walk?
      • A: People should walk on the sidewalk.
    7. Q: How should pedestrians cross the road?
      • A: Pedestrians should use crosswalks and look both ways.
    8. Q: What should you do when crossing the road?
      • A: Wait for the “walk” signal and look for cars.
    9. Q: Why should you use the sidewalk?
      • A: To stay safe and avoid cars.
    10. Q: How should animals use the road?
      • A: Animals should be on a leash and kept off the road.
    11. Q: What should you do if there is no sidewalk?
      • A: Walk facing traffic to see oncoming cars.
    12. Q: Why is it important to follow traffic lights?
      • A: To avoid accidents and stay safe.
    13. Q: What do you do when you see a stop sign?
      • A: Stop and look both ways before going.
    14. Q: What is a crosswalk?
      • A: A crosswalk is a place where people can safely cross the road.
    15. Q: Why should you pay attention to road signs?
      • A: To know when to stop, go, or turn and stay safe.

Traffic light There IS Something That You Must Know

Learners’ Activities:

  • Observe and participate in discussions.
  • Answer questions and share experiences.
  • Complete the worksheet.


  • Observe pupils’ participation and understanding during the lesson.
  • Review pupils’ worksheets for comprehension.
  • Answer the following questions
    1. A road is a path where ______ and vehicles move. a. animals b. people c. plants d. stars
    2. People use _______ to move on the road. a. shoes b. skies c. water d. boats
    3. A car is a type of ______. a. road user b. animal c. book d. fruit
    4. A crosswalk is a place where people ______. a. sleep b. swim c. cross the road d. eat food
    5. When the traffic light is green, cars should ______. a. stop b. go c. sleep d. fly
    6. Bicycles should stay on the ______ side of the road. a. left b. middle c. right d. top
    7. _______ must walk on the sidewalk. a. Birds b. People c. Planes d. Boats
    8. When you see a stop sign, you should ______. a. stop b. go c. sing d. dance
    9. Motorcyclists should always wear a ______. a. hat b. helmet c. jacket d. glasses
    10. When crossing the road, you should look both ______. a. sides b. up c. down d. behind
    11. Cars should stay in their ______ on the road. a. lane b. house c. pool d. bed
    12. Animals should be on a ______ when walking on the road. a. road b. sidewalk c. leash d. roof
    13. When you see a red traffic light, you should ______. a. go fast b. stop c. fly d. scream
    14. People should use a _______ to safely cross the road. a. ball b. toy c. car d. crosswalk
    15. When crossing the road, wait for the _______ signal. a. run b. walk c. stand d. dance

Road Signs: Identification, Meaning, and Importance Basic Science and Technology Nursery 1 First Term Lesson Notes Week 7

Evaluation Questions:

  1. What is a road?
  2. Name one type of road user.
  3. How should people cross the road?
  4. What does a red traffic light mean?
  5. Where should pedestrians walk?
  6. Why should animals be on a leash?
  7. What should cars do at a stop sign?
  8. Why is it important to use crosswalks?
  9. Name a safety rule for bicycles.
  10. How can we keep ourselves safe on the road?

Conclusion: (5 minutes)

  • Review the key points of the lesson.
  • Encourage pupils to use the road safely and share the information with their families.
  • Collect the worksheets and assess their understanding.
  • Thank the pupils for their participation and engagement in the lesson.
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