Uses of Colours Basic Science Primary 2 Third Term Lesson Notes Week 4

Explore the world of colour with this lesson! Identify different colours, classify objects, and discuss the uses and importance of colours in living and non-living things.




Subject: Basic Science

Class: Primary 2

Term: Third Term

Week: 4

Topic: Colour – Different colours, classification of objects using colour, uses of colour

Sub-topic: Identifying colours, classifying objects, uses and importance of colour

Duration: 60 minutes

Behavioural Objectives:

  • By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:
    • Identify different colours.
    • Classify objects using colour.
    • Identify colours in living and non-living things.
    • Discuss the uses of colours.
    • Appraise the importance of colours.

Key Words: Colour, classification, objects, living, non-living, uses

Entry Behaviour:

  • Pupils are familiar with basic colours like red, blue, and yellow.

Learning Resources and Materials:

  • Colourful objects (fruit, toys, clothes).
  • Pictures showing living and non-living things in various colours.
  • Colour charts and flashcards.

Building Background / Connection to Prior Knowledge:

  • Talk about everyday objects and their colours, like fruits and vegetables.
  • Discuss colours pupils see in their surroundings.

Embedded Core Skills:

  • Observation, communication, critical thinking.

Reference Books:

  • Lagos State Scheme of Work.

Instructional Materials:

  • Colourful objects and pictures, colour charts, and flashcards.


  • Explanation of different colours and how to classify objects using colour.
  • Discussion about the uses of colours and their importance.

1. Identify Different Colours:

  • Red: A bright, bold colour. 🍎
  • Blue: A calm, cool colour. 🌊
  • Green: The colour of grass and leaves. 🍃
  • Yellow: A cheerful, sunny colour. 🌞
  • Purple: A rich, royal colour. 🍇
  • Orange: A warm, vibrant colour. 🍊

2. Classify Objects Using Colour:

  • Red: Apples, tomatoes, and fire trucks. 🍎
  • Blue: The sky, the ocean, and blueberries. 🌊
  • Green: Grass, trees, and broccoli. 🍃
  • Yellow: Bananas, lemons, and the sun. 🌞
  • Purple: Grapes, eggplants, and flowers. 🍇
  • Orange: Oranges, pumpkins, and carrots. 🍊

3. Identify Colours in Living and Non-Living Things:

  • Living Things: Flowers come in many colours like pink, yellow, and purple. 🌸
  • Non-Living Things: Buildings can be painted in different colours like red, blue, and white. 🏠

4. Discuss the Uses of Colours:

  • Art: Colours help us paint beautiful pictures. 🎨
  • Clothing: We wear clothes in many colours like red, blue, and green. 👗
  • Traffic Lights: Colours help us know when to stop or go. 🚦
  • Emotions: Colours can make us feel happy, calm, or excited.

5. Appraise the Importance of Colours:

  • Colours help us tell things apart.
  • They make our world beautiful.
  • Colours can keep us safe (e.g., stop signs are red). 🚦
  • They help us express ourselves through art and fashion.

Let’s explore the world of colours and enjoy how they brighten our lives! 😊

Class Activity Discussion :

  1. What is your favourite colour?
    • (The answer will vary depending on the pupil.)
  2. What colour is the sky on a clear day?
    • The sky is blue.
  3. What colour is a ripe banana?
    • A ripe banana is yellow.
  4. What colour are leaves?
    • Leaves are usually green.
  5. What colour is an apple?
    • An apple can be red, green, or yellow.
  6. What colour is a fire truck?
    • A fire truck is red.
  7. What colour is an orange?
    • An orange is orange.
  8. What colour is the sun?
    • The sun is yellow.
  9. What colours can flowers be?
    • Flowers can be many colours like pink, purple, yellow, or red.
  10. What colours can houses be painted?
    • Houses can be painted different colours like white, blue, or red.
  11. Why are traffic lights important?
    • They help control traffic and keep us safe.
  12. What does a red traffic light mean?
    • It means stop.
  13. How does colour help us?
    • Colours help us recognize things and make our world beautiful.
  14. How do colours affect our emotions?
    • Colours can make us feel happy, calm, or excited.
  15. Why do we wear different coloured clothes?
    • We wear different coloured clothes to express ourselves and our styles.

Enjoy exploring the different colours in the world around you! 😊

Evaluation :

  1. The sky is ______. a. yellow b. green c. blue d. red
  2. A banana is ______ when ripe. a. purple b. yellow c. blue d. black
  3. Leaves are usually ______. a. pink b. white c. green d. orange
  4. An apple can be ______, green, or yellow. a. blue b. red c. black d. purple
  5. A fire truck is ______. a. green b. blue c. red d. white
  6. An orange is ______. a. red b. yellow c. orange d. purple
  7. The sun is ______. a. blue b. yellow c. green d. purple
  8. Flowers can be many colours like pink, ______, and yellow. a. brown b. white c. black d. purple
  9. Houses can be painted in many colours like white, blue, or ______. a. green b. black c. red d. yellow
  10. Traffic lights use three colours: red, yellow, and ______. a. black b. white c. green d. blue
  11. Traffic lights help us ______. a. walk b. stay safe c. fly d. run
  12. Red at a traffic light means ______. a. go b. stop c. walk d. turn
  13. Colours make our world ______. a. boring b. dark c. beautiful d. quiet
  14. Colours can affect our ______. a. emotions b. sleep c. eating d. studying
  15. We use colours in our ______. a. homes b. minds c. hearts d. dreams


Step 1: The teacher revises the previous topic, which was about sound energy and local instruments.

Step 2: The teacher introduces the new topic of colour, classification of objects using colour, and uses of colour.

  • Explains the importance of colours in our daily lives.
  • Uses flashcards and colour charts to show different colours and their names.

Step 3: The teacher allows pupils to give their own contributions and corrects them when necessary.

  • Encourages pupils to identify colours of different objects.
  • Guides pupils in discussing uses of colours in art, clothing, and traffic lights.

Teacher’s Activities:

  • Explains the topic using simple language and examples.
  • Shows pictures of living and non-living things in different colours.
  • Discusses the uses and importance of colours with the pupils.

Learners’ Activities:

  • Listen to the teacher’s explanations.
  • Identify colours of different objects.
  • Participate in discussions about the uses of colours.


  • The teacher asks ten evaluation questions to check understanding.

Evaluation Questions:

  1. What colour is the sky on a clear day?
  2. What colour is a ripe banana?
  3. What colour is an apple?
  4. Name a fruit that is orange.
  5. What colour is grass?
  6. What colour is the sun?
  7. Name an object that is red.
  8. What colour is the water in a swimming pool?
  9. Why is colour important in traffic lights?
  10. Name a flower that is pink.


  • The teacher goes around to check pupils’ answers.
  • Provides feedback and corrects any mistakes.
  • Praises pupils for their participation and encourages them to observe colours around them.

Forms of Energy Basic Science Primary 2 Third Term Lesson Notes Week 2

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