Revision English Grammar Primary 5 First Term Lesson Notes Week 11

Subject: English Grammar (Structure)

Topic: Revision (Active Voice, Passive Voice, Direct Speech, Indirect Speech, Modal Auxiliary Verbs)

Duration: 40 minutes

Term: First Term

Week: 11

Previous Lesson: Introduction to Sentence Structures

Set Induction: Begin with a short story involving characters taking different actions. Ask students to identify who performed the action (active voice) and who received the action (passive voice).

Learning Objectives:

  1. Review the concepts of active and passive voice.
  2. Understand the difference between direct and indirect speech.
  3. Familiarize with the use of modal auxiliary verbs in sentences.

Embedded Core Skills:

  • Sentence structure comprehension
  • Verb identification
  • Communication skills

Learning Materials:

  • Whiteboard and markers
  • Sentence examples on cards
  • Illustrative visuals for direct and indirect speech
  • Modal auxiliary verb chart


Teaching Methods:

  • Interactive discussions
  • Role-playing for direct and indirect speech
  • Sentence construction exercises
  • Visual aids for better understanding


Active and Passive Voice:


  • Active Voice: In active voice, the subject performs the action.
    • Example: The cat chased the mouse.
  • Passive Voice: In passive voice, the subject receives the action.
    • Example: The mouse was chased by the cat.

Distinction Between Direct and Indirect Speech:


  • Direct Speech: Reproducing spoken words exactly.
    • Example: She said, “I will come.”
  • Indirect Speech: Reporting words indirectly with changes.
    • Example: She said that she would come.

Modal Auxiliary Verbs and Their Usage:


  • Modal auxiliary verbs express necessity, possibility, ability, permission, or obligation.
  • Examples:
    1. Can: He can swim. (Ability)
    2. Must: You must finish your homework. (Obligation)
    3. May: She may join us. (Permission)
    4. Shall: We shall meet tomorrow. (Future tense)
    5. Should: You should apologize. (Advice)
    6. Will: They will arrive soon. (Future tense)
    7. Would: I would love some tea. (Polite request)

Understanding these concepts allows for effective communication and diverse sentence construction in communication

  • Definition of Key Words:
    • Active Voice: The subject performs the action.
    • Passive Voice: The subject receives the action.
    • Direct Speech: Reporting words exactly as spoken.
    • Indirect Speech: Reporting words indirectly with changes.
  • Lesson Content:
    1. Review active and passive voice.
    2. Understand the distinction between direct and indirect speech.
    3. Introduce modal auxiliary verbs and their usage.

1. The book _____ by the teacher yesterday.
a) was read
b) read
c) reads
d) reading

2. In active voice, the subject _____ the action.
a) performs
b) receiving
c) avoiding
d) completes

3. The keys _____ by John every morning.
a) were lost
b) loses
c) lose
d) are lost

4. Direct speech involves reproducing spoken words _____.
a) exactly
b) casually
c) with changes
d) indirectly

5. Transform the sentence “She said, ‘I enjoy painting'” into indirect speech:
a) She said that she enjoys painting.
b) She said she enjoyed painting.
c) She said, “She enjoys painting.”
d) She said, “I enjoy painting.”

6. Modal auxiliary verbs express:
a) nouns
b) actions
c) possibilities
d) locations

7. What is the modal auxiliary verb in the sentence “You must finish your homework”?
a) can
b) must
c) will
d) should

8. He _____ swim when he was just five.
a) can
b) will
c) must
d) should

9. Choose the correct passive voice form: “The letter was written by Sarah.”
a) Sarah writes the letter.
b) Sarah had written the letter.
c) Sarah wrote the letter.
d) The letter writes Sarah.

10. What is the active voice form of the sentence “The cake was baked by the chef”?
a) The chef baked the cake.
b) The cake is baked by the chef.
c) Baked by the chef is the cake.
d) The cake bakes the chef.

11. Which modal verb expresses a polite request?
a) can
b) would
c) must
d) shall

12. Indirect speech often involves changes in:
a) punctuation
b) tone
c) subject
d) verb tense

13. “You _____ apologize for your mistake.”
a) can
b) may
c) should
d) will

14. The car _____ by Peter yesterday.
a) is driven
b) was driven
c) drove
d) drives

15. Choose the correct direct speech form: She said, “I will come.”
a) She said she will come.
b) She says she will come.
c) She said she would come.
d) She said, “She will come.”


  • Step 1: Briefly revisit active and passive voice using examples.
  • Step 2: Explore direct and indirect speech through role-playing.
  • Step 3: Introduce modal auxiliary verbs and their role in sentences.

Teacher’s Activities:

  • Engage students in discussions about the difference between active and passive voice.
  • Facilitate role-playing activities to demonstrate direct and indirect speech.
  • Guide the introduction of modal auxiliary verbs through examples.

Learners’ Activities:

  • Participate in discussions to identify active and passive voice in sentences.
  • Act out scenarios for direct and indirect speech.
  • Practice using modal auxiliary verbs in constructing sentences.

Evaluation Questions:

  1. What is active voice in a sentence?
  2. Provide an example of a sentence in passive voice.
  3. How is direct speech different from indirect speech?
  4. Change the following direct speech sentence to indirect speech: “She said, ‘I love to read.'”
  5. Identify the subject performing the action in: “The cake was baked by Mary.”
  6. Use a modal auxiliary verb to complete the sentence: “He ____ swim.”
  7. What is the key difference between direct and indirect speech?
  8. Transform the sentence “The teacher teaches the lesson” into passive voice.
  9. Give an example of a sentence using a modal auxiliary verb.
  10. Explain the role of modal auxiliary verbs in expressing possibility.

Conclusion: In conclusion, this lesson provided a comprehensive review of sentence structures, focusing on active and passive voice, direct and indirect speech, and the introduction of modal auxiliary verbs. Understanding these concepts will enhance your ability to construct varied and meaningful sentences.


For homework, practice creating sentences using modal auxiliary verbs and identify instances of direct and indirect speech in a short story.

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