Explain five (5) main objectives of indigenous or traditional education in Nigeria.
The latent aims of the indigenous system of education as observed by Fafunwa
(1974), which provided the bases, and process of training in the traditional education
A. To develop the child’s latent physical skills:
B. To develop character:
C. To inculcate respect for elders and those in position of authority.
D. To develop intellectual skills.
E. To acquire specific vocational training and to develop a healthy attitude towards honest labour.
F. To develop a sense of belonging and to participate actively in family and community affairs.
G. To understand, appreciate and promote the cultural heritage of the community at large.
According to Fafunwa’s observations in 1974, here are five main objectives of indigenous education, along with their latent aims:
- Developing Latent Physical Skills: The explicit aim was to nurture the physical abilities of the child. However, the latent aim was to ensure that children developed strong bodies and were prepared for the demands of their daily lives, often involving agricultural and practical tasks.
- Developing Character: Indigenous education aimed to instill moral values and virtues in students. Beyond this, the latent aim was to create individuals with strong ethical principles, integrity, and a sense of responsibility toward their community.
- Inculcating Respect for Elders and Authority Figures: The overt purpose was to teach children to respect their elders and authority figures. The latent objective was to establish a hierarchical and harmonious social structure where individuals understood their roles and responsibilities in society.
- Developing Intellectual Skills: The stated goal was to stimulate intellectual growth. Beyond this, the latent intention was to equip students with problem-solving skills, critical thinking abilities, and the capacity to make informed decisions that benefit their families and communities.
- Acquiring Vocational Training and Developing a Healthy Attitude Towards Honest Labor: The explicit objective was to provide practical skills that could contribute to the economic sustainability of the individual and their community. The latent aim was to cultivate a strong work ethic, emphasizing the dignity of honest labor and encouraging self-sufficiency.
These objectives reflect the holistic nature of indigenous education in Nigeria, which aimed to produce well-rounded individuals capable of contributing positively to their families and communities. The latent aims were often closely tied to cultural values and societal cohesion, fostering a sense of belonging and participation in various aspects of community life.
Discuss the five (5) formal steps in teaching as advocated by Johann Friedrich Herbert in (1906).
1. One of the objectives of indigenous education was to develop the child’s _______________ skills.
2. Indigenous education aimed to instill _______________ in students.
3. A key objective of indigenous education was to inculcate respect for _______________.
a) modern values
b) elders and authority
4. Indigenous education aimed to develop _______________ skills in students.
5. Developing a healthy attitude towards _______________ was one of the objectives of indigenous education.
a) dishonest labor
b) intellectual pursuits
c) honest labor
6. To participate actively in _______________ affairs was one of the aims of indigenous education.
b) family and community
7. One of the objectives of indigenous education was to _______________ the cultural heritage of the community.
c) understand, appreciate, and promote
8. Indigenous education aimed to develop a sense of _______________ among students.
9. The latent aim of developing character in indigenous education was to instill _______________ principles.
a) moral and ethical
10. Indigenous education sought to develop _______________ skills in addition to physical skills.
11. One of the objectives of indigenous education was to cultivate a _______________ toward authority figures.
12. Indigenous education aimed to create individuals who could actively participate in _______________.
a) global affairs
b) family and community affairs
c) individual pursuits
13. The latent aim of acquiring specific vocational training was to encourage _______________.
a) academic excellence
b) entrepreneurial skills
c) political engagement
14. Indigenous education aimed to _______________ the cultural heritage of the community.
c) understand, appreciate, and promote
15. Developing a sense of belonging in indigenous education was linked to participating actively in _______________.
a) international organizations
b) political parties
c) family and community affairs
THE NATURE OF ROMAN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM BEFORE THE ADVENT OF THE GREEKS