TOWN AND SETTLEMENTS IN ANCIENT NIGERIA ūüá≥ūüá¨

Primary 3 Third Term Lesson Notes

Table of Contents

History

SUBJECT:

HISTORY

CLASS:

PRIMARY 3

TERM:

THIRD TERM

WEEK:

Week 8 & 9

TOPIC:

TOWNS AND SETTLEMENTS IN NIGERIA (ANCIENT)

  • Definition of ancient towns and settlements in ancient Nigeria ūüá≥ūüá¨
  • Examples of ancient towns in Nigeria ie Daura, Ile-Ife, Gboko, Aba, Idah, √ík√® ŠļĻ, Lokoja, Oturkpo, Benin, Oyo, Badagry, Kukawa, Calabar, Nsukka, etc
  • Features of ancient towns in Nigeria
  • Origin of ancient towns in Nigeria
  • Socialization in the ancient towns in Nigeria
  • Importance of Ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria

PREVIOUS LESSON

 

BEHAVIOURAL OBJECTIVES:

By the end of the lesson, pupils be able to:

  • List some ancient towns in Nigeria
  • Write the features of ancient towns in Nigeria
  • Relate the reasons origin of ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria ūüá≥ūüá¨
  • Examine the socialization in ancient the ancient towns in Nigeria
  • Research on the importance of ancient towns in Nigeria
  • Define ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria.
  • Identify examples of ancient towns in Nigeria.
  • Describe the features of ancient towns in Nigeria.
  • Understand the origin of ancient towns in Nigeria.
  • Explain socialization in ancient towns in Nigeria.
  • Discuss the importance of ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria

 

LEARNING ACTIVITIES

  • Pupils, as a class, mention some ancient towns in Nigeria
  • Pupils, in small groups, are guided to write the features of ancient towns in Nigeria
  • Pupils, in pairs, discuss the origins of ancient towns in Nigeria
  • Individual pupil examine the socialization in the ancient towns in Nigeria
  • Pupils, as a class, tell why and justify why these ancient towns in Nigeria are important

 

EMBEDDED CORE SKILLS

  • Critical thinking and Problem Solving
  • Leadership and personal Development
  • Communication and Collaboration
  • Citizenship
  • Digital Literacy

 

LEARNING RESOURCES

  • Audio Visual Resources
  • Charts showing the concepts of the topic
  • Map of Nigeria ūüá≥ūüá¨
  • Visual aids (pictures, diagrams, or posters) of different types of ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria
  • Whiteboard/Chalkboard and markers/chalk.
  • Fill in the gaps worksheet on the topic ‚ÄúRelate the features of these concepts‚ÄĚ.
  • Chart paper and markers.
  • Visual aids such as pictures, maps, and diagrams of ancient towns in Nigeria.
  • Whiteboard or blackboard and markers or chalk.
  • Textbooks with fill-in-the-gap questions on the topics discussed.
  • Lesson plan outline on the board.

 

CONTENT

Definition of ancient towns and settlements in ancient Nigeria ūüá≥ūüá¨

  1. Ancient towns and settlements in ancient Nigeria refer to communities or areas that were established and inhabited by people in Nigeria during ancient times.
  2. These towns and settlements were usually located along rivers, lakes, or other sources of water, which were essential for survival and economic activities.
  3. They were characterized by simple and rudimentary structures made of local materials such as mud, thatch, and wood.
  4. Ancient towns and settlements were usually organized around a central point, such as a marketplace, where people could trade and exchange goods and services.
  5. These towns and settlements were often fortified with walls, trenches, or other defensive structures to protect the inhabitants from external threats.
  6. Ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria had their own social, economic, and political systems, which were often influenced by factors such as geography, climate, and culture.
  7. The inhabitants of these towns and settlements engaged in various activities such as farming, fishing, hunting, and crafts, which sustained their livelihoods.
  8. Ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria had their own religious practices, beliefs, and rituals, which played an important role in their culture and daily life.
  9. Trade and commerce were important aspects of these ancient towns and settlements, as they facilitated exchange of goods and ideas with neighboring communities and distant regions.
  10. Over time, some of these ancient towns and settlements grew into larger cities and became centers of power, trade, and culture in ancient Nigeria

Evaluation

  1. Ancient towns and settlements in ancient Nigeria were communities or areas that were established and inhabited by people during __________ times. a) modern b) ancient c) medieval d) futuristic
  2. Ancient towns and settlements were usually located along __________, which were essential for survival and economic activities. a) highways b) deserts c) rivers d) mountains
  3. Ancient towns and settlements were characterized by simple and rudimentary structures made of local materials such as __________. a) marble b) steel c) mud d) plastic
  4. Ancient towns and settlements were often organized around a central point, such as a __________, where people could trade and exchange goods and services. a) school b) marketplace c) hospital d) museum
  5. Ancient towns and settlements were fortified with walls, trenches, or other defensive structures to protect the inhabitants from __________. a) wild animals b) floods c) neighboring communities d) rainfall
  6. The inhabitants of ancient towns and settlements engaged in various activities such as farming, fishing, hunting, and __________, which sustained their livelihoods. a) space exploration b) computer programming c) crafts d) sports
  7. Ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria had their own social, economic, and __________ systems. a) political b) medical c) musical d) educational
  8. Trade and commerce were important aspects of these ancient towns and settlements, as they facilitated exchange of goods and ideas with __________ communities and distant regions. a) neighboring b) underwater c) space d) fictional
  9. Over time, some of these ancient towns and settlements grew into larger __________ and became centers of power, trade, and culture in ancient Nigeria. a) forests b) villages c) cities d) islands
  10. Ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria had their own __________ practices, beliefs, and rituals, which played an important role in their culture and daily life. a) transportation b) religious c) culinary d) technological

 

Examples of ancient towns in Nigeria ie Daura, Ile-Ife, Gboko, Aba, Idah, √ík√® ŠļĻ, Lokoja, Oturkpo, Benin, Oyo, Badagry, Kukawa, Calabar, Nsukka, etc.

  1. Daura: Daura is an ancient town located in present-day Katsina State, known for its rich history and cultural heritage. It is believed to have been founded over a thousand years ago and was an important center of trade and agriculture.
  2. Ile-Ife: Ile-Ife, located in present-day Osun State, is considered to be the ancestral home of the Yoruba people and is regarded as one of the oldest cities in Nigeria. It is known for its ancient artistic and cultural heritage, including the famous bronze and terracotta sculptures.
  3. Gboko: Gboko is an ancient town in present-day Benue State, known for its history of iron smelting and blacksmithing. It was an important center of ironworking in pre-colonial Nigeria, with skilled blacksmiths producing tools, weapons, and ornaments.
  4. Aba: Aba is an ancient town in present-day Abia State, known for its historic role as a center of trade and commerce. It was a major market town and an important trading hub for palm oil, palm kernel, and other agricultural products.
  5. Idah: Idah is an ancient town located in present-day Kogi State, known for its historical significance as a center of the Igala Kingdom. It was a major political, economic, and cultural center in the region, known for its intricate brass and bronze artifacts.
  6. √ík√® ŠļĻ: √ík√® ŠļĻ, also known as Ile-IfŠļĻŐĀ, is an ancient town located in present-day Osun State, known for its rich history and cultural heritage. It is believed to be the birthplace of the creation myths of the Yoruba people and is known for its ancient terracotta sculptures.
  7. Lokoja: Lokoja is an ancient town located at the confluence of the Niger and Benue rivers, known for its historical significance as a center of British colonial administration in Nigeria. It was an important trading and transportation hub during the colonial era.
  8. Oturkpo: Oturkpo is an ancient town in present-day Benue State, known for its history of pottery making. It was a major center of pottery production in pre-colonial Nigeria, with skilled potters producing a wide range of utilitarian and decorative pottery.
  9. Benin: Benin, located in present-day Edo State, is renowned for its ancient civilization, the Kingdom of Benin, which flourished from the 13th to the 19th centuries. It was known for its sophisticated bronze and ivory artworks, palace architecture, and military prowess.
  10. Oyo: Oyo is an ancient town located in present-day Oyo State, known for its historical significance as the capital of the Oyo Empire, one of the largest pre-colonial empires in West Africa. It was a major political, economic, and cultural center in the region, known for its skilled artisans and administrative systems
  11. Badagry: Badagry is an ancient coastal town located in present-day Lagos State, known for its historical significance as a major port during the transatlantic slave trade era. It was a key departure point for slaves being transported to the Americas.
  12. Kukawa: Kukawa is an ancient town located in present-day Borno State, known for its historical significance as the capital of the Kanem-Borno Empire, one of the oldest and longest-lasting empires in Africa. It was a major center of trade, Islamic scholarship, and military power.
  13. Calabar: Calabar is an ancient coastal town located in present-day Cross River State, known for its historical significance as a major trading center and a hub of European colonial activities in Nigeria. It was a key port for the export of palm oil and other commodities during the colonial era.
  14. Nsukka: Nsukka is an ancient town located in present-day Enugu State, known for its historical significance as a center of Igbo culture and tradition. It is known for its ancient masquerade festivals, arts and crafts, and agricultural practices.
  15. Sokoto: Sokoto is an ancient town located in present-day Sokoto State, known for its historical significance as the seat of the Sokoto Caliphate, one of the largest Islamic states in Africa. It was a major center of Islamic scholarship, trade, and military power.
  16. Kano: Kano is an ancient city located in present-day Kano State, known for its historical significance as a major center of trade, commerce, and Islamic scholarship. It was a key trading hub along the trans-Saharan trade routes, known for its bustling markets and skilled artisans.
  17. Ife-Ilara: Ife-Ilara is an ancient town located in present-day Osun State, known for its history of bronze casting and terracotta art. It was a major center of artistic production in pre-colonial Nigeria, known for its intricate sculptures and artworks.
  18. Ogbomosho: Ogbomosho is an ancient town located in present-day Oyo State, known for its historical significance as a major center of cloth weaving and dyeing. It was renowned for its skilled weavers who produced a wide range of textiles using traditional methods.
  19. Nri: Nri is an ancient town located in present-day Anambra State, known for its historical significance as the spiritual and political center of the Nri Kingdom, one of the oldest known kingdoms in Nigeria. It was known for its sacred groves, religious practices, and traditional governance systems.
  20. Oron: Oron is an ancient coastal town located in present-day Akwa Ibom State, known for its historical significance as a major center of maritime trade and fishing. It was known for its skilled sailors and fishermen who navigated the waters of the Gulf of Guinea for trade and commerce.

Note: The above list is not exhaustive, as Nigeria has numerous ancient towns and settlements with rich histories and cultural heritage.

Evaluation

  1. Daura is an ancient town located in present-day ____________. a) Lagos State b) Enugu State c) Katsina State d) Ogun State
  2. Ile-Ife is an ancient town located in present-day ____________. a) Lagos State b) Osun State c) Rivers State d) Edo State
  3. Gboko is an ancient town located in present-day ____________. a) Lagos State b) Benue State c) Anambra State d) Kaduna State
  4. Aba is an ancient town located in present-day ____________. a) Lagos State b) Kogi State c) Abia State d) Ekiti State
  5. Idah is an ancient town located in present-day ____________. a) Lagos State b) Oyo State c) Kogi State d) Plateau State
  6. √ík√® ŠļĻ is an ancient town located in present-day ____________. a) Lagos State b) Kwara State c) Imo State d) Nasarawa State
  7. Lokoja is an ancient town located in present-day ____________. a) Lagos State b) Enugu State c) Kogi State d) Delta State
  8. Oturkpo is an ancient town located in present-day ____________. a) Lagos State b) Katsina State c) Benue State d) Ogun State
  9. Benin is an ancient town located in present-day ____________. a) Lagos State b) Kogi State c) Edo State d) Bayelsa State
  10. Oyo is an ancient town located in present-day ____________. a) Lagos State b) Oyo State c) Plateau State d) Imo State

Note: The correct answers are: 1) c) Katsina State, 2) b) Osun State, 3) b) Benue State, 4) c) Abia State, 5) c) Kogi State, 6) b) Kwara State, 7) c) Kogi State, 8) c) Benue State, 9) c) Edo State, 10) b) Oyo State.

Features of ancient towns in Nigeria.

Here are some features of ancient towns in Nigeria, explained in list format using short sentences:

  1. Walls and Gates: Ancient towns in Nigeria often had walls made of mud or stone, and gates that served as entry points.
  2. Central Market: Ancient towns had a central market where people bought and sold goods and services.
  3. Palaces: Many ancient towns had palaces, which were the residences of the rulers or kings.
  4. Religious Shrines: Ancient towns had religious shrines where people worshiped their gods and performed religious rituals.
  5. Community Meeting Places: Ancient towns had designated areas where community meetings were held for important discussions and decision-making.
  6. Homesteads: Ancient towns had homesteads, which were compounds where families lived, with separate huts or rooms for different purposes.
  7. Defensive Structures: Some ancient towns had defensive structures like trenches, moats, or forts to protect against attacks from enemies.
  8. Sacred Groves: Ancient towns often had sacred groves, which were natural spaces considered sacred and used for religious and cultural activities.
  9. Livestock Enclosures: Ancient towns had areas designated for keeping livestock, such as cattle, goats, or sheep, within the town or in nearby outskirts.
  10. Water Sources: Ancient towns were typically located near water sources, such as rivers, lakes, or springs, for drinking water, bathing, and other domestic uses.

Note: These features may vary depending on the specific ancient town in Nigeria and the time period being referred to.

Evaluation

  1. Walls and gates were common features of ancient towns in Nigeria to ___________. a) protect against wild animals b) provide a decorative element c) indicate the wealth of the town d) serve as entry points
  2. The central market in ancient towns in Nigeria was a place where people ___________. a) held community meetings b) worshiped their gods c) bought and sold goods d) performed religious rituals
  3. Palaces in ancient towns in Nigeria were used as ___________. a) livestock enclosures b) community meeting places c) homes of the rulers d) defensive structures
  4. Religious shrines in ancient towns in Nigeria were used for ___________. a) buying and selling goods b) defensive purposes c) religious worship and rituals d) storing water for domestic use
  5. Community meeting places in ancient towns in Nigeria were used for ___________. a) buying and selling goods b) performing religious rituals c) holding important discussions d) storing livestock
  6. Homesteads in ancient towns in Nigeria were compounds where ___________. a) people gathered for worship b) rulers conducted their official duties c) families lived d) livestock were kept
  7. Defensive structures in ancient towns in Nigeria included ___________. a) central markets b) palaces c) walls and gates d) livestock enclosures
  8. Sacred groves in ancient towns in Nigeria were used for ___________. a) storing goods b) community meetings c) livestock rearing d) religious and cultural activities
  9. Livestock enclosures in ancient towns in Nigeria were used for ___________. a) community meetings b) religious worship c) defensive purposes d) keeping livestock
  10. Water sources were important features in ancient towns in Nigeria for ___________. a) providing decorative elements b) protecting against enemies c) storing goods d) domestic use, such as drinking and bathing

Note:

The correct answers are: 1) d) serve as entry points, 2) c) bought and sold goods, 3) c) homes of the rulers, 4) c) religious worship and rituals, 5) c) holding important discussions, 6) c) families lived, 7) c) walls and gates, 8) d) religious and cultural activities, 9) d) keeping livestock, 10) d) domestic use, such as drinking and bathing.

Origin of ancient towns in Nigeria

  1. Early human settlements: Ancient towns in Nigeria were likely established by early human settlers who migrated to the region thousands of years ago.
  2. Geographic factors: The availability of water sources, fertile land, and favorable climate in certain areas could have influenced the origin of ancient towns in Nigeria.
  3. Economic activities: The presence of natural resources such as minerals, forests, and arable land could have attracted people to settle and engage in economic activities, leading to the origin of ancient towns.
  4. Trade and commerce: The development of trade routes and the exchange of goods and services among different communities could have led to the establishment of ancient towns as centers of trade and commerce.
  5. Social and cultural factors: The social and cultural practices of different ethnic groups in Nigeria could have influenced the origin of ancient towns, as people gathered in certain areas for religious, cultural, or social purposes
  6. Defense and security: Some ancient towns in Nigeria may have been established as defensive settlements, strategically located for protection against external threats.
  7. Political and administrative reasons: The establishment of ancient towns could have been influenced by political and administrative considerations, such as the need for a centralized authority to govern a region or a community.
  8. Historical events: Historical events such as wars, conquests, or migrations could have played a role in the origin of ancient towns in Nigeria, as people resettled or established new settlements due to changing circumstances.
  9. Urbanization: Over time, as populations grew and societies evolved, certain areas in Nigeria could have developed into ancient towns due to the process of urbanization, with increased concentration of people, infrastructure, and economic activities.
  10. Cultural heritage: The rich cultural heritage of Nigeria, with diverse ethnic groups and traditions, could have contributed to the origin of ancient towns as centers of cultural significance, where customs, traditions, and practices were preserved and celebrated

 

 

Evaluation

  1. Ancient towns in Nigeria were typically established near ___________. a) water sources b) rocky cliffs c) fertile plains d) dense forests
  2. The earliest settlements in Nigeria were formed by ___________. a) hunter-gatherer communities b) foreign invaders c) nomadic herders d) maritime traders
  3. The growth of ancient towns in Nigeria was often influenced by ___________. a) geographical factors b) political conflicts c) religious beliefs d) technological advancements
  4. Ancient towns in Nigeria developed as a result of ___________. a) agricultural activities b) military conquests c) cultural exchanges d) natural disasters
  5. The origin of some ancient towns in Nigeria can be traced back to ___________. a) prehistoric times b) colonial era c) modern times d) recent decades
  6. Some ancient towns in Nigeria were founded by ___________. a) local tribes b) foreign explorers c) religious missionaries d) royal families
  7. The early settlers of ancient towns in Nigeria were primarily ___________. a) farmers b) traders c) hunters d) warriors
  8. The formation of ancient towns in Nigeria was influenced by ___________. a) climate and natural resources b) foreign invasions c) religious beliefs and practices d) political alliances
  9. The origin of ancient towns in Nigeria can be attributed to ___________. a) human migration b) economic opportunities c) social interactions d) environmental factors
  10. Ancient towns in Nigeria were often founded as ___________. a) trading centers b) military outposts c) religious pilgrimage sites d) agricultural settlements

Socialization in the ancient towns in Nigeria

  1. Family: Family was the basic unit of socialization in ancient towns in Nigeria. Children learned cultural norms, values, and traditions from their parents, grandparents, and other family members.
  2. Community: The community played a significant role in socialization. Children learned from their neighbors, elders, and other members of the community. The community often had shared beliefs, customs, and practices that were passed down through generations.
  3. Oral Traditions: Oral traditions were an essential part of socialization in ancient towns in Nigeria. Elders and storytellers passed down history, myths, folktales, and other cultural knowledge through oral narratives.
  4. Cultural Festivals: Cultural festivals were important socialization events in ancient towns. They provided opportunities for people to come together, participate in cultural activities, and learn about their heritage, customs, and traditions.
  5. Religious Institutions: Religious institutions, such as shrines and temples, played a role in socialization. They were places where people learned about religious beliefs, practices, and rituals that were integral to their culture
  6. Apprenticeship: Apprenticeship was a common practice in ancient towns where young people learned skills and trades from experienced craftsmen or professionals, passing down traditional knowledge and techniques.
  7. Elders: Elders were respected members of the community and played a crucial role in socialization. They served as mentors, advisors, and role models, passing down wisdom, values, and cultural practices to the younger generations.
  8. Gender Roles: Gender roles were a part of socialization in ancient towns, where boys and girls were taught different roles and responsibilities based on their gender, such as traditional gender roles in agriculture, crafts, and household activities.
  9. Initiation Rites: Initiation rites were common in ancient towns as a way to mark the transition from childhood to adulthood. They often involved rituals, ceremonies, and teachings that were important for socialization and cultural identity.
  10. Communication: Communication was a vital aspect of socialization in ancient towns. People communicated through language, storytelling, songs, proverbs, and other forms of expression, passing down cultural knowledge, norms, and values through generations

Evaluation

  1. In ancient towns in Nigeria, socialization was primarily learned through ___________. a) family members b) religious institutions c) cultural festivals d) oral traditions
  2. Apprenticeship was a common practice in ancient towns where young people learned skills and trades from ___________. a) elders b) neighbors c) storytellers d) craftsmen
  3. Gender roles in ancient towns in Nigeria were based on ___________. a) age b) occupation c) religion d) gender
  4. Elders in ancient towns played a role as ___________. a) mentors b) craftsmen c) neighbors d) religious leaders
  5. Initiation rites in ancient towns were meant to mark the transition from ___________. a) childhood to adulthood b) one religion to another c) one community to another d) one occupation to another
  6. Communication in ancient towns was primarily through ___________. a) language b) proverbs c) cultural festivals d) apprenticeship
  7. Cultural festivals in ancient towns were important for ___________. a) socialization b) trade and commerce c) religious worship d) entertainment
  8. Oral traditions in ancient towns were used to pass down ___________. a) history b) folklore c) religious beliefs d) all of the above
  9. Religious institutions in ancient towns served as places to learn about ___________. a) customs and traditions b) gender roles c) initiation rites d) all of the above
  10. Community members in ancient towns played a role in socialization by ___________. a) passing down cultural knowledge b) participating in cultural activities c) providing guidance and advice d) all of the above

 

Importance of Ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria

  1. Historical significance: Ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria have a rich history that spans thousands of years, providing insights into the country’s past and cultural heritage.
  2. Cultural heritage: These ancient towns and settlements are often considered the cradle of Nigerian culture, with unique customs, traditions, arts, and crafts that have been preserved and passed down through generations.
  3. Economic significance: Many ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria were important centers for trade, commerce, and economic activities, serving as hubs for agricultural, manufacturing, and trading activities.
  4. Political importance: Some ancient towns in Nigeria were centers of political power and served as capitals or strongholds of ancient kingdoms and empires, shaping the country’s political landscape.
  5. Architectural marvels: Ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria are known for their impressive architectural designs, including palaces, walls, gates, and other structures that showcase the advanced engineering and craftsmanship of the time.
  6. Tourism potential: Ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria are popular tourist destinations, attracting visitors interested in history, culture, and heritage, thereby contributing to the country’s tourism industry and economy.
  7. Social significance: These ancient towns and settlements were centers of social interaction, community development, and socialization, playing a pivotal role in shaping the social fabric of Nigerian society.
  8. Educational value: Studying ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria provides educational opportunities for students to learn about the country’s history, culture, geography, and social structures, fostering a deeper understanding and appreciation of their roots.
  9. Preservation of traditional knowledge: Ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria are repositories of traditional knowledge, practices, and wisdom that have been passed down through generations, contributing to the preservation of indigenous knowledge systems.
  10. National pride: Ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria are a source of national pride, representing the rich cultural heritage and history of the country, and fostering a sense of identity and belonging among Nigerians

Evaluation

  1. Ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria are significant for their ___________. a) historical significance b) modern infrastructure c) population density d) sports facilities
  2. Some ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria were centers of ___________. a) political power b) artistic expression c) scientific research d) technological innovation
  3. Ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria are known for their ___________. a) cultural heritage b) modern amenities c) skyscrapers d) technological advancements
  4. The economic significance of ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria is due to their role as ___________. a) centers of trade and commerce b) recreational spots c) wildlife reserves d) government institutions
  5. Ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria contribute to the country’s tourism industry due to their ___________. a) historical and cultural attractions b) luxury resorts c) shopping malls d) amusement parks
  6. Studying ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria provides educational opportunities to learn about ___________. a) the country’s history and culture b) modern technology c) foreign languages d) space exploration
  7. Ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria are important for the preservation of ___________. a) traditional knowledge and practices b) modern technologies c) industrial innovations d) foreign languages
  8. Some ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria are famous for their ___________. a) architectural designs b) fast food chains c) high-rise buildings d) theme parks
  9. Ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria have social significance as they were centers for ___________. a) social interaction and community development b) scientific research c) international trade d) political debates
  10. The cultural heritage of ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria is important for fostering ___________. a) national pride and identity b) global trade and commerce c) modern technological advancements d) environmental conservation efforts

General Evaluation 

  • List four ancient towns in Nigeria
  • Write out four features of ancient towns in Nigeria
  • State four reasons or importance of towns and settlements in Nigeria ūüá≥ūüá¨
  • Mention four examples of socialization in ancient the ancient towns in Nigeria
  • Locate four ancient towns and settlements on the map of Nigeria

Lesson Presentation

Introduction (5 minutes):

  • Greet the students and review the previous history lessons.
  • Introduce the topic of towns and settlements in Nigeria (ancient) and ask students if they have ever heard of or visited any ancient towns in Nigeria.
  • Show visual aids such as pictures, maps, or diagrams of ancient towns in Nigeria and engage students in a brief discussion about what they see.

Definition of Ancient Towns and Settlements in Nigeria (5 minutes):

  • Write the definition of ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria on the board.
  • Explain to the students that ancient towns are settlements that were established a long time ago in Nigeria, and they have historical significance.
  • Discuss examples of ancient towns in Nigeria such as Daura, Ile-Ife, Gboko, Aba, Idah, √ík√® ŠļĻ, Lokoja, Oturkpo, Benin, Oyo, Badagry, Kukawa, Calabar, Nsukka, etc.

Features of Ancient Towns in Nigeria (10 minutes):

  • Discuss the features of ancient towns in Nigeria with the students.
  • Write the features on the board and explain each feature in simple terms.
  • Discuss features such as walls and gates for protection, palaces for rulers, religious shrines, central markets, and community meeting places.

Origin of Ancient Towns in Nigeria (10 minutes):

  • Discuss the origin of ancient towns in Nigeria with the students.
  • Explain how ancient towns were established due to factors such as geographical location, availability of resources, trade routes, and cultural or historical significance.
  • Discuss how ancient towns in Nigeria grew over time and became centers of trade, commerce, and political power

Socialization in Ancient Towns in Nigeria (10 minutes):

  • Discuss socialization in ancient towns in Nigeria with the students.
  • Explain how people in ancient towns interacted, communicated, and lived in communities.
  • Discuss social activities such as community meetings, religious worship, trade and commerce, and cultural practices in ancient towns.

Importance of Ancient Towns and Settlements in Nigeria (10 minutes):

  • Discuss the importance of ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria with the students.
  • Explain how ancient towns in Nigeria have cultural, historical, economic, and social significance.
  • Discuss how the preservation of ancient towns and settlements contributes to the country‚Äôs heritage, tourism industry, and national identity.

Recap and Conclusion (5 minutes):

  • Review the main points covered in the lesson.
  • Distribute the handout with fill-in-the-gap questions on the topics discussed and allow students to complete them.
  • Discuss the answers and clarify any doubts or questions.
  • Summarize the lesson and highlight the importance of understanding ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria.
  • Conclude the lesson with a closing remark and encourage students to further explore and appreciate the history and significance of ancient towns in Nigeria

Assessment:

  • Fill-in-the-gap questions on the handout to assess students‚Äô understanding of the topics discussed during the lesson.
  • Oral questions during the class discussion to check students‚Äô comprehension and participation.
  • Observation of students‚Äô engagement and participation during the lesson.
  • Review of completed handouts and classwork to assess students‚Äô knowledge and understanding of the lesson content.

Extension Activities:

  1. Research and presentation: Assign students to conduct research on one of the ancient towns in Nigeria discussed during the lesson, and create a presentation to share with the class. They can include information on the town’s history, culture, landmarks, and significance.
  2. Role-play: Divide students into groups and assign them roles of different people living in an ancient town in Nigeria, such as a ruler, farmer, merchant, or craftsman. Have them create short skits to depict the socialization and daily life in the ancient town.
  3. Field trip: If possible, arrange a field trip to a local museum or historical site that showcases artifacts or exhibits related to ancient towns and settlements in Nigeria. Allow students to explore and observe firsthand the history and culture of ancient towns.

Note to Teacher:

  • Ensure that the language and explanations used are age-appropriate and suitable for primary 3 students.
  • Use visual aids, props, and real-life examples to make the lesson more engaging and interactive.
  • Encourage student participation through discussions, questions, and group activities.
  • Provide additional support or clarification to students who may need it.
  • Recap and reinforce key concepts throughout the lesson to reinforce understanding.
  • Assess students‚Äô learning through formative and summative assessments.
  • Follow up with extension activities to deepen students‚Äô understanding of the topic