Subject : 

Cultural and Creative Art

Term :

First Term / 1st Term


Week 5

Class :

JSS 2 / Basic 8

Previous lesson : 

The pupils have previous knowledge of  Tools and Equipment for Craft Production in their previous classes

Topic :


Behavioural objectives :

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • define colour
  • say the classification of Colours
  • mention the sources of Local Colours
  • say the uses of Colour
  • The Colour Wheel


Instructional Materials:

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures of different types of houses
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching:

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials:

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks




Definition of Colour

Colour is a pigment substance used for creative artwork. It is also the sensation produced in the eyes by the rays of decomposed light. It can also be defined as a property that makes object drawn to look more real as regard to absorption and reflection of light rays.

Classification of Colours

  1. Primary colours: These are basic or raw colours. They can never be obtained from the mixture of any other colour. They are red, yellow and blue.
  2. Secondary colours: These are colours obtained from the mixture of two primary colours. These colours include :

(i) Orange (red + yellow)

(ii) Purple (blue+ red)

(iii) Green (blue+ yellow)

  1. Tertiary colours: These are colours derived from the mixture of two secondary colours e.g.

(i) Green (Y+B) + Orange (Y+R) = Tertiary yellow

(ii) Green (Y+B) + Purple (R+B) = Tertiary blue

(iii) Purple (R+B) + Orange (Y+R) = Tertiary red

  1. Intermediate colours: These are colours obtained from the mixture of a primary colour and a nearest secondary colour e.g.

(i) Yellow + Green = Yellowish green

(ii) Blue + Purple = Bluish purple

(iii) Red + Purple = Reddish purple

(iv) Red+ Orange = Reddish orange

(v) Yellow + Orange = Yellowish orange

(vi) Blue + Green = Bluish green

  1. Neutral colours: black and white are neutral colours.
  2. Complementary colours: These are colour s that are directly opposite to each other on the colour wheel e.g.

(i) Purple compliments Yellow

(ii) Red compliments Green

(iii) Orange compliments Blue

  1. Harmonious colours: These are colours that lie side by side on the colour wheel. Hence they are known as adjacent or analogous colours e.g.

(i) Yellow is in harmony with orange and green

(ii) Red is in harmony with    orange and purple

(iii) Blue is in harmony with green and purple

Sources of Local Colours

Colour is gotten from the following sources:

  1. Colour from earth.
  2. Colour from leaves.
  3. Colour from roots of plant.
  4. Colour from tree latex.
  5. Colour from dye.

Uses of Colour

Colour has several uses, among which are the following:

  1. Colour is used to beautify things, building and environment.
  2. Colour is used to differentiate things for identification.
  3. Colour is used to create patterns on cloth
  4. Colour is used to put finishing touch in artworks.
  5. Colour is used to attract attention in poster design.
  6. It makes art works look real and finished, especially painting and design.
  7. It affects mood.
  8. It aids teaching in the classroom.
  9. It makes the work of art very interesting





The Colour Wheel

Colour wheel is used to explain the result of colour mixture.


Colour Mixture


Application of Colour in Craft Work

Teacher demonstrates before the painting of any craft work with brush and poster colour.







The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise




The class teacher wraps up or concludes the lesson by giving out a short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.



  1. Define colour.
  2. State 2 classes of colour.
  3. List any two (2) elements of art.
  4. Define line? Draw any 4 types of line you know.
  5. What is colour?
  6. How many colours are there on the colour wheel?
  7. What is the addition of red and blue?
  8. State all the classes of colour you know.
  9. Draw the colour wheel.
  10. Write out four equipment for making potter
  11. List any five (5) colours you know around you.