FOOD CONTAMINATION AND ADULTERATION

Subject : SECURITY EDUCATION

Topic : FOOD CONTAMINATION AND ADULTERATION

Class : JSS 3

TERM : Second Term

WEEK : Week 1

LEARNING MATERIALS

  • Wall Chart
  • Explanatory posters/pictures

 

 

Reference Materials

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum

 

Previous Knowledge :

 

Learners have previous knowledge of

Definition of Crime 

that was taught in the previous lesson

Behavioural Objectives :  At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • say the meaning of food contamination and adulteration
  • highlight ways by which food can become contaminated
  • write out ways of preventing food contamination and adulteration
  • mention the effects of food contamination and adulteration

 

Content :

WEEK 1

TOPIC : FOOD CONTAMINATION AND ADULTERATION

Food contamination means the presence of injurious or harmful chemicals and micro organisms in food which can cause illness for the consumer,

Food can be contaminated in any of the following ways;;

Exposure to dust

Exposure to flies and cockroaches,rats,etc

Inadequate washing of hands and fingernails in the process of preparing food or when food is being served.

Improper washing of utensils used in preparing other foods,

Exposure to animal or human wastes particularly vegetables and fruits

Washing of cooking utensils,vegetables and fruits with dirty water

Poor personal hygiene of those who prepare food

Improper handling ,preparing and storing g of food

Effects of contamination;

Food contamination can lead to food poisoning which can lead to death

Prevention of food contamination.

Hygienically preparing food

keeping raw foods separate from ready-to-eat food

constantly washing of hands and fingernails

Punishment for food contamination .

According to counterfeit and fake drugs and unwholesome processed foods Act,the punishment is;

A jail term of between 5 and 15 years or a fine of not more than N500,000 or both.

FOOD ADULTERATION;

Food adulteration is an act of intentionally reducing the quality of food by adding inferior substances or removing valuable ingredients, For instance, palm oil is adulterated if other substances are added to increase the content in order to make profit,

Common food products that are often adulterated in Nigeria

Palm oil

milk

Honey

fruit juice

coffee

Ground pepper

Reasons for increase in Existence of Adulterated food and drugs in Nigeria

Improper enforcement of existing laws against offenders

Effect of corruption

Greed and tendency to make fast money

High level of illiteracy


Effects of food Adulteration

Sickness or poor health condition

Increase in death rate due to adulterated food

Decrease in life expectancy

Reduction in export for our goods

Decrease in foreign exchange earning

Bad image in the comity of nations

Punishment For ADULTERATION

it is determined by the court based on the gravity of the offence,

besides ,according to counterfeit and fake drugs and unwholesome processed foods,act, the punishment is a jail term of between 5 and 15 years or a fine of not more than N500,000 or both.

 

 

 


Presentation

The topic is presented step by step

 

Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics

 

Step 2.

He introduces the new topic

 

Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise

 

Evaluation :

 

  • What is the meaning of food contamination
  • What is the meaning of adulteration
  • Mention four ways by which food can become contaminated
  • Write out four  ways of preventing food contamination and adulteration
  • Mention four  effects of food contamination and adulteration
  • Say three food items that are commonly adulterated in Nigeria
  • Mention two reasons why people adulterate products in Nigeria
  • What are the likely punishment for people that are caught adulterating original products in Nigeria . Mention Two
  • Mention four ways by which food poison can be avoided or prevented

 

Conclusion :

 

The teacher summarize the lesson. He or she gives out a board summary of the topic as note . He or she goes round to mark and does the necessary corrections

 

 

ASSIGNMENT;

State some criminal behaviours in the society

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