Preparation of compost manure

 

 

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE SECOND TERM E NOTES FOR BASIC FOUR

 

 

Subject :

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

 

 

Topic :

Preparation of compost manure

 

 

Class :

BASIC FOUR

 

 

 SECOND TERM  

 

 

WEEK 8 & 9

 

 

LEARNING MATERIALS

  • Whiteboard/Chalkboard
  • Explanatory posters/pictures
  • Explanatory videos

 

Instructional Materials :

  • Lagos State Scheme of Work.
  • Online Materials.
  • Physical and Health Education for Primary Schools

 

 

Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have been taught

HOW TO RAISE ORNAMENTAL CROPS

in their previous lesson

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

At the end of the lesson , pupils should be able to

1. Define compost

2. List the material required for compost making

3. Explain the steps involved in compost making

4. Give reasons why we do the following during the compost preparation:

 

:CONTENT

 

 

PREPARATION OF COMPOST MANURE

What is compost manure?

Compost is mixture of decayed plants refuse, decayed animal dung and chicken waste. When added to the soil, it makes the soil fertile. Compost improves plant food and makes the crop to grow well.

Materials for making compost

  1. Plant refuse
  2. Animal dung(farm yard manure)
  3. Household refuse(kitchen)
  4. Wood ash
  5. Soil
  6. Water

Steps in making compost

  1. Dig four pits labeled A, B, C and D. the size should be 1 m × 1m x 0.5.
  2. Pit A is called loading pit. Arrange the materials for making compost in layer separated by soil in pit A. make sure you moisten the heap with water to allow for easy decomposition.
  3. After two weeks, move the contents of pit A to B ( first turn).
  4. After about one week, mo e the content of B to C (second turn).
  5. After another one week, move the content of C to D.
  6. Cover up the compost to prevent evaporation, leaching and erosion before applying it to the farm. Content of D is transferred to as compost after 4 – 6 weeks. Turning the heap allow the air into the heap and make for even decay.

 

 


Presentation

The topic is presented step by step

 

Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics

 

Step 2.

He introduces the new topic

 

Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise

 

 

 

Evaluation

1. What Is Compost?

2. List the material required for compost making

3. Explain the steps involved in compost making

4. Give reasons why we do the following during the compost preparation:

  1. Watering –
  2. Turning the heap –
  3. Shading from light –

 

 

Conclusion :

 

The teacher summarize the lesson. He or she gives out a board summary of the topic as note . He or she goes round to mark and does the necessary corrections

 

 

 

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