HOW TO RAISE ORNAMENTAL CROPS

 

 

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE SECOND TERM E NOTES FOR BASIC FOUR

 

 

Subject :

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

 

 

Topic :

HOW TO RAISE ORNAMENTAL CROPS

 

 

Class :

BASIC FOUR

 

 

 SECOND TERM  

 

 

WEEK 6

 

 

LEARNING MATERIALS

  • Whiteboard/Chalkboard
  • Explanatory posters/pictures
  • Explanatory videos

 

Instructional Materials :

  • Lagos State Scheme of Work.
  • Online Materials.
  • Physical and Health Education for Primary Schools

 

 

Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have been taught

SAFETY MEASURE IN APPLYING CHEMICALS

in their previous lesson

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

At the end of the lesson , pupils should be able to

  • say what are ornamental crops
  • give examples of ornamental crops
  • explain how to pl;ant ornamental crops

 

:CONTENT

 

HOW TO RAISE ORNAMENTAL PLANTS

Ornamental plants are plants that beautify our environment.

They are mostly flowers e.g. hibiscus, rose flower, flamboyant flower and sun flower.

 

The Steps in growing ornamental crops are:

  1. Land clearing : Before planting, the land must be cleared of weeds and debris. Hoes and machetes can be used in clearing the land.
  2. Seed bed or pot preparation : Seed bed should be well planned. Pot should also be fine and filled with good soil. Topsoil should be loosening for removal or roots, stones   and woods.
  3. Planting : Most ornamental plants are planted through their seedlings. So, seedlings are transplanted tpo the pots ot flower bed.
  4. Weeding :This is the removal of unwanted plants. It is done regularly with the aid of hoes in the flower bed. In the pot, hand weeding should be done i.e. pulling out the weeds with hands.
  5. Manuring :This means applying manure to the flower beds or the soil in the pots. Manure helps the plants to grow well.
  6. Watering : The flower bed should be regularly watered particularly, in the dry season. The pots should be watered daily.
  7. Mulching : This is the covering of the surface of the soil or the seed bed with cut dry leaves, stems and even plastic to reduce the loss of water from the soil.
  8. Pruning : Trimming should be done constantly to make the flower look attractive.

 

 


Presentation

The topic is presented step by step

 

Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics

 

Step 2.

He introduces the new topic

 

Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise

 

 

 

Evaluation :-

 

1. What are ornamental plants?

2. What are the importance of planting flowers in your school?

3. List the steps you would take to raise ornamental crops

4. List four ornamental plants grown in your school.

5. Name three tools for planting ornamental plants.

 

Conclusion :

 

The teacher summarize the lesson. He or she gives out a board summary of the topic as note . He or she goes round to mark and does the necessary corrections

 

 

 

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