Consequences of unemployment

Subject : Social Studies



Topic : Consequences of unemployment



Class : Primary 4



Term :  Third Term


Week : Week 1


Previous Knowledge : Pupils have previous knowledge of


that have been taught in their former lessons and classes


Behavioural Objectives : At the end of the lesson , pupils should be able to


1 say the meaning of unemployment

2 say the causes of unemployment

3 mention consequences of unemployment

4. say how we can solve the problems of unemployment



Methods Of Teaching 

  • Discussion
  • Explanation
  • Dramatization
  • Dialogue
  • Story telling
  • Questions and Answers
  • Role Modelling



Instructional Materials 

  • Wall Charts
  • Pictures
  • Online materials
  • Textbooks
  • Scheme of work
  • Workbooks







Employment means having a job or work to do to earn a living. A person may do


his or her own work or may work for other people, or even the government. If you


are doing your own work, you are said to be self-employed. If you are working


for government or other people, you are called an employee of those people


or the government, and the people or government that employed you are your




Jobs open to people in the locality


A job is work, for which payment is made when it is completed. Jobs that are open


to people in our community include the following:


1 Trading


2 Carpentry or interior decoration


3 Tailoring/fashion designing


4 Farming


5 Shoemaking


6 Teaching


7 Nursing


8 Banking


9 Printing


10 Engineering


11 Catering and hotel management


12 Publishing


13 Medicine

14. Welding

15. Baking

16. Driving

17. Party planning

18. Bricklaying

19. Wiring or Electrician

20. Farming


Some people are self-employed while others are employed by other individuals and




People who is self-employed work for themselves, and whatever they produce


becomes their own. They can use the products or sell them to those who need




A person who is employed by another person or an organisation works, and is


paid a salary by his/her employer at the end of the month.


Why people should be employed


People should be employed for the following reasons:


1 So that they can earn a living.


2 To keep them busy and out of trouble.


3 So that they will contribute to the development of society.


4 So that they will be responsible members of society.


5 When people work and earn an income, they are happy.


The meaning of unemployment


Unemployment means that someone is not having a job to do. People who do not have a means of livelihood (i.e., of making money)


or that are not engaged in a job are said to be unemployed. Some people have just left one job and they are yet to get another


job. For example, a bricklayer may have just completed building one house, and


may have to wait to be hired to build another. A person may have been sacked or


removed from one job and is yet to get another one.


During this period of waiting, he or she is unemployed. A school leaver who is


still searching for work is also unemployed.


Consequences (bad results) of unemployment in our society


The following are some of the consequences of unemployment in our society:


1 When people are unemployed, they become sad and idle, and may develop


bad habits such as stealing or prostitution.


2 Some people who do not have work become unhappy and may begin to


take hard drugs, such as Indian hemp and cocaine, thinking this would help


them overcome the frustration of unemployment. Soon they become drug


addicts and problems for themselves and society.


3 Some people who are unemployed may become frustrated and unhappy


and after a while, begin to beg for money. This brings shame to them and


their families.


4 School leavers who fail to get work turn to their parents for support. This may


become a big burden and sorrow for the parents.


5 When people fail to get employment, they may not be able to provide their


needs and solve their problems because they do not have money. They may


begin to think about their problem and worry too much about their condition,


and this may affect their health.


6 Unemployment makes big towns and large cities over-crowded, because


most people who are unemployed go there, thinking they would get jobs.


7 Many youths marry late because they do not have jobs to provide for themselves


and a new family.


Unemployment can be reduced in the following ways:


1 The government and rich people in our society should help create jobs by


setting up factories, industries and business outfits, so that people can work in


such places and be useful to themselves and society.


2 Banks should help people who are not employed to set up their own


businesses by giving them loans under conditions that they can bear.


3 Young people should be advised to study subjects that will make it easy for


them to get work, so that when they leave school, they can become selfemployed


or easily get employed by others.


4 Government should encourage people who are looking for jobs to work on


farm settlements or other similar government projects.


5 Government should set up training organisations to train people in different


fields so as to make them self-employed. People can, for instance, train to make


baskets and furniture, or train to be farmers and food producers.


6 Government should encourage farmers by making it easy for them to get


farmland, farming equipment, fertilisers and electricity.


7 Government should construct good roads in the rural areas and provide


constant electricity for all, so that people can establish workshops and


industries and run such industries without difficulty.


8 Sometimes, wicked and unpatriotic people reserve employment opportunities


only for their relations, some of which are still in school. When such people are


caught, they should be punished severely








The topic is presented step by step

Step 1 : He revises the previous topics

Step 2 : The class teacher introduces the new topic

Step 3 : The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own contributions and he or she corrects them when the needs arise





1. What is employment

2. What is unemployment

3. Mention four jobs that people may do

4. Write out four consequences of unemployment

5. Mention four ways by which unemployment may be solved

6. People that worked for government are called ________

7. Mention four examples of job that you can do if you are self employed

8. Mention four examples of agricultural resources in Nigeria





The class teacher gives out a short note and he or she goes round to do the necessary marking .



Please kindly prepare for the next lesson by reading about

Wages and income distribution



A Choose the best answers for the following questions.

1 ____________ means having a job or work to do to earn a living.

A Employment B Occupation C Working

2 We can be employed by working for ____________.

A thugs B the government C nobody

3 One who works for others is known as ____________.

A an employee B an employer C a messenger

4 One who does his own work and not for others is ____________.

A self-reliant B self-employed C sufficient

5 When people work and earn a living, they are ________.

A unhappy B happy C covetous



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