Consequences of unemployment

Subject : Social Studies

 

 

Topic : Consequences of unemployment

 

 

Class : Primary 4

 

 

Term :  Third Term

 

Week : Week 1

 

Previous Knowledge : Pupils have previous knowledge of

Employment

that have been taught in their former lessons and classes

 

Behavioural Objectives : At the end of the lesson , pupils should be able to

 

1 say the meaning of unemployment

2 say the causes of unemployment

3 mention consequences of unemployment

4. say how we can solve the problems of unemployment

 

 

Methods Of Teaching 

  • Discussion
  • Explanation
  • Dramatization
  • Dialogue
  • Story telling
  • Questions and Answers
  • Role Modelling

 

 

Instructional Materials 

  • Wall Charts
  • Pictures
  • Online materials
  • Textbooks
  • Scheme of work
  • Workbooks

 

 

 

Content 

MEANING OF EMPLOYMENT

 

Employment means having a job or work to do to earn a living. A person may do

 

his or her own work or may work for other people, or even the government. If you

 

are doing your own work, you are said to be self-employed. If you are working

 

for government or other people, you are called an employee of those people

 

or the government, and the people or government that employed you are your

 

employers.

 

Jobs open to people in the locality

 

A job is work, for which payment is made when it is completed. Jobs that are open

 

to people in our community include the following:

 

1 Trading

 

2 Carpentry or interior decoration

 

3 Tailoring/fashion designing

 

4 Farming

 

5 Shoemaking

 

6 Teaching

 

7 Nursing

 

8 Banking

 

9 Printing

 

10 Engineering

 

11 Catering and hotel management

 

12 Publishing

 

13 Medicine

14. Welding

15. Baking

16. Driving

17. Party planning

18. Bricklaying

19. Wiring or Electrician

20. Farming

 

Some people are self-employed while others are employed by other individuals and

 

organisations.

 

People who is self-employed work for themselves, and whatever they produce

 

becomes their own. They can use the products or sell them to those who need

 

them.

 

A person who is employed by another person or an organisation works, and is

 

paid a salary by his/her employer at the end of the month.

 

Why people should be employed

 

People should be employed for the following reasons:

 

1 So that they can earn a living.

 

2 To keep them busy and out of trouble.

 

3 So that they will contribute to the development of society.

 

4 So that they will be responsible members of society.

 

5 When people work and earn an income, they are happy.

 

The meaning of unemployment

 

Unemployment means that someone is not having a job to do. People who do not have a means of livelihood (i.e., of making money)

 

or that are not engaged in a job are said to be unemployed. Some people have just left one job and they are yet to get another

 

job. For example, a bricklayer may have just completed building one house, and

 

may have to wait to be hired to build another. A person may have been sacked or

 

removed from one job and is yet to get another one.

 

During this period of waiting, he or she is unemployed. A school leaver who is

 

still searching for work is also unemployed.

 

Consequences (bad results) of unemployment in our society

 

The following are some of the consequences of unemployment in our society:

 

1 When people are unemployed, they become sad and idle, and may develop

 

bad habits such as stealing or prostitution.

 

2 Some people who do not have work become unhappy and may begin to

 

take hard drugs, such as Indian hemp and cocaine, thinking this would help

 

them overcome the frustration of unemployment. Soon they become drug

 

addicts and problems for themselves and society.

 

3 Some people who are unemployed may become frustrated and unhappy

 

and after a while, begin to beg for money. This brings shame to them and

 

their families.

 

4 School leavers who fail to get work turn to their parents for support. This may

 

become a big burden and sorrow for the parents.

 

5 When people fail to get employment, they may not be able to provide their

 

needs and solve their problems because they do not have money. They may

 

begin to think about their problem and worry too much about their condition,

 

and this may affect their health.

 

6 Unemployment makes big towns and large cities over-crowded, because

 

most people who are unemployed go there, thinking they would get jobs.

 

7 Many youths marry late because they do not have jobs to provide for themselves

 

and a new family.

 

Unemployment can be reduced in the following ways:

 

1 The government and rich people in our society should help create jobs by

 

setting up factories, industries and business outfits, so that people can work in

 

such places and be useful to themselves and society.

 

2 Banks should help people who are not employed to set up their own

 

businesses by giving them loans under conditions that they can bear.

 

3 Young people should be advised to study subjects that will make it easy for

 

them to get work, so that when they leave school, they can become selfemployed

 

or easily get employed by others.

 

4 Government should encourage people who are looking for jobs to work on

 

farm settlements or other similar government projects.

 

5 Government should set up training organisations to train people in different

 

fields so as to make them self-employed. People can, for instance, train to make

 

baskets and furniture, or train to be farmers and food producers.

 

6 Government should encourage farmers by making it easy for them to get

 

farmland, farming equipment, fertilisers and electricity.

 

7 Government should construct good roads in the rural areas and provide

 

constant electricity for all, so that people can establish workshops and

 

industries and run such industries without difficulty.

 

8 Sometimes, wicked and unpatriotic people reserve employment opportunities

 

only for their relations, some of which are still in school. When such people are

 

caught, they should be punished severely

 

 

 

 

 

 

Presentation 

The topic is presented step by step

Step 1 : He revises the previous topics

Step 2 : The class teacher introduces the new topic

Step 3 : The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own contributions and he or she corrects them when the needs arise

 

 

 

Evaluation 

1. What is employment

2. What is unemployment

3. Mention four jobs that people may do

4. Write out four consequences of unemployment

5. Mention four ways by which unemployment may be solved

6. People that worked for government are called ________

7. Mention four examples of job that you can do if you are self employed

8. Mention four examples of agricultural resources in Nigeria

 

 

Conclusion 

 

The class teacher gives out a short note and he or she goes round to do the necessary marking .

 

Assignment 

Please kindly prepare for the next lesson by reading about

Wages and income distribution

 

 

A Choose the best answers for the following questions.

1 ____________ means having a job or work to do to earn a living.

A Employment B Occupation C Working

2 We can be employed by working for ____________.

A thugs B the government C nobody

3 One who works for others is known as ____________.

A an employee B an employer C a messenger

4 One who does his own work and not for others is ____________.

A self-reliant B self-employed C sufficient

5 When people work and earn a living, they are ________.

A unhappy B happy C covetous

 

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