Land Transportation Social Studies Primary 5 Second Term Lesson Notes Week 11

Subject: Social Studies

Class: Primary 5

Term: Second Term

Week: Week 11

Topic: Land Transportation

Duration: 45 minutes

Behavioural Objectives:

  • To explain what land transportation is.
  • To identify various vehicles used in land transportation.
  • To list the advantages and disadvantages of land transportation.

Key Words: Land transportation, vehicles, advantages, disadvantages.

Entry Behaviour: Students should be able to recognize different modes of transportation such as walking, cycling, and riding in cars or buses.

Learning Resources and Materials:

  • Pictures of different vehicles used in land transportation.
  • Charts showing the advantages and disadvantages of land transportation.
  • Textbooks with relevant information on transportation.

Building Background / Connection to Prior Knowledge: Recall with students the various modes of transportation they are familiar with, such as walking, cycling, or riding in cars. Discuss how these modes are related to land transportation.

Embedded Core Skills: Critical thinking, communication, and problem-solving skills.

Instructional Materials: Charts, pictures, textbooks, and a whiteboard.


  1. Introduction to land transportation.
  2. Different types of vehicles used in land transportation.
  3. Advantages of land transportation.
  4. Disadvantages of land transportation.

Land transportation means moving people and things on roads. We use cars, buses, and bikes for this. It’s good because it helps us go places faster. But sometimes, there are problems like bad roads and accidents. We can fix these by following traffic rules and taking care while driving.

  • Explain Transportation: Transportation means moving people or things from one place to another. It helps us travel or move goods.
  • Vehicles used in Land transportation: Bicycles, cars, trucks, buses, motorcycles, and even animals like horses or camels are used for land transportation.
  • Advantages of land transportation:
    1. Fast Movement: It helps us travel quickly from one place to another.
    2. Accessibility: Land transportation is available almost everywhere, making it easy to reach different destinations.
    3. Cost-Effective: It’s usually cheaper compared to other modes of transportation like air or sea.
    4. Flexibility: We can easily change routes or destinations based on our needs.
  • Disadvantages of land transportation:
    1. Traffic Congestion: Sometimes roads get crowded, causing delays.
    2. Accidents: There’s a risk of accidents due to reckless driving or poor road conditions.
    3. Pollution: Vehicles emit harmful gases that pollute the environment.
    4. Infrastructure Maintenance: Roads and bridges require regular maintenance, which can be costly.

Discussion on Land Transportation

  1.  What is transportation?
    • Answer: Transportation means moving people or things from one place to another, like going to school or carrying goods to the market.
  2.  What vehicles are used in land transportation?
    • Answer: Cars, buses, bicycles, motorcycles, trucks, and sometimes animals like horses or camels are used for land transportation.
  3. Why is land transportation important?
    • Answer: Land transportation helps us travel quickly, reach places easily, and move goods from one location to another at a lower cost.
  4. What are the good things about land transportation?
    • Answer: Land transportation is fast, accessible, cost-effective, and flexible, allowing us to go where we need to go efficiently.
  5. Are there any problems with land transportation?
    • Answer: Yes, sometimes roads get congested, accidents can happen, vehicles pollute the environment, and roads need regular maintenance.
  6. How can we make land transportation safer?
    • Answer: We can follow traffic rules, drive carefully, maintain our vehicles properly, and avoid distractions like using phones while driving.
  7. Can land transportation harm the environment?
    • Answer: Yes, vehicles emit harmful gases that pollute the air, but we can reduce this by using cleaner fuels or choosing eco-friendly transportation options.
  8. What can we do if we’re stuck in traffic?
    • Answer: We can be patient, listen to music, read a book, or play games to pass the time until the traffic clears.
  9.  How can we help keep roads clean?
    • Answer: We can avoid littering, dispose of trash properly, and participate in community cleanup efforts to keep roads clean and safe.
  10. Is it important to respect other road users?
    • Answer: Yes, it’s essential to be considerate of pedestrians, cyclists, and other drivers to ensure everyone’s safety on the road

Evaluation :

  1. Land transportation involves the conveying of people and goods from one geographical location to another through ____________.
    • a) air
    • b) land
    • c) water
    • d) space
  2. Bicycles, cars, trucks, and ____________ are vehicles used in land transportation.
    • a) airplanes
    • b) boats
    • c) trains
    • d) motorcycles
  3. Trekking is the oldest and ____________ form of transportation.
    • a) fastest
    • b) slowest
    • c) newest
    • d) tallest
  4. Movement of goods and people is easier and faster with ____________ transportation.
    • a) land
    • b) air
    • c) water
    • d) space
  5. Land transportation is considered a safe means of moving goods and people due to its ____________.
    • a) speed
    • b) reliability
    • c) accessibility
    • d) safety measures
  6. Bad roads, carelessness of drivers, and bad vehicles are common ____________ of land transportation.
    • a) solutions
    • b) advantages
    • c) problems
    • d) benefits
  7. Effective supervision of drivers by traffic management authorities like LASMA or VIO is a ____________ to transportation problems.
    • a) cause
    • b) solution
    • c) advantage
    • d) disadvantage
  8. ____________ must be fixed and properly maintained to address transportation problems.
    • a) Good roads
    • b) Bad roads
    • c) Railways
    • d) Airports
  9. Drinking alcohol while driving is a common ____________ in land transportation.
    • a) solution
    • b) advantage
    • c) problem
    • d) benefit
  10. ____________ of vehicles with too much load contributes to transportation problems.
    • a) Underloading
    • b) Overloading
    • c) Proper loading
    • d) Equal loading
  11. Animals like donkeys, horses, or camels are used for land transportation in areas where ____________.
    • a) roads are good
    • b) vehicles are available
    • c) waterways are accessible
    • d) roads are not accessible
  12. Lack of ____________ is a problem in land transportation.
    • a) money
    • b) education
    • c) roads
    • d) fuel
  13. Land transportation is the commonest available means of ____________.
    • a) flying
    • b) swimming
    • c) transportation
    • d) communication
  14. Rails are used for ____________ transportation.
    • a) air
    • b) land
    • c) water
    • d) space
  15. Movement of goods and people by land transportation is considered ____________.
    • a) slow
    • b) expensive
    • c) fast
    • d) dangerous


  • Step 1: The teacher revises the previous topic by asking students to recall different modes of transportation they discussed earlier.
  • Step 2: The teacher introduces the new topic of land transportation, explaining what it means and providing examples of vehicles used for land transportation.
  • Step 3: The teacher allows students to share their own experiences with land transportation and encourages them to identify advantages and disadvantages of this mode of transportation.

Teacher’s Activities:

  • Presenting information about land transportation.
  • Facilitating discussions.
  • Providing examples and explanations.

Learners’ Activities:

  • Listening to the teacher’s presentation.
  • Participating in class discussions.
  • Sharing personal experiences related to land transportation.


  • Observing students’ participation and engagement during discussions.
  • Reviewing students’ responses to questions asked during the lesson.

Evaluation Questions:

  1. What is land transportation?
  2. Can you name three vehicles used in land transportation?
  3. What are two advantages of land transportation?
  4. List two disadvantages of land transportation.
  5. Why do people use cars for land transportation?
  6. How does land transportation contribute to the economy?
  7. What safety measures should be taken when using land transportation?
  8. Describe a situation where land transportation would be preferred over other modes of transportation.
  9. What improvements could be made to enhance land transportation in our community?
  10. How does land transportation impact the environment?

Conclusion: The teacher reviews and discusses the key points covered in the lesson. Any misconceptions are clarified, and students are encouraged to ask questions. The teacher goes round to assess students’ understanding and provides feedback as necessary.

Reference Books:

  • Lagos State Scheme of Work for Social Studies, Primary 5.
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