Basic Science and Technology
Primary 6 / Basic 6
Previous lesson :
The pupils have previous knowledge of Basic Science in their previous lesson
The Human Reproductive System
Behavioural objectives :
At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to
- define reproduction
- Explain reproduction in man.
- Identify male and female reproductive organs.
- State the functions of the organs.
- say the need for reproduction
Instructional Materials :
- Wall charts
- Related Online Video
- Flash Cards
Methods of Teaching :
- Class Discussion
- Group Discussion
- Asking Questions
- Role Modelling
- Role Delegation
Reference Materials :
- Scheme of Work
- Online Information
- 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
HUMAN REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
Reproduction is the process whereby living things like mammals give birth to young ones that look alike or resemble their parents . There is a need for reproduction so that there will be continued existence of human or mammals on the planet earth .
MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
The male creature is the man . His reproductive system is made up of the following organs
- Vas deferens (Sperm duct),
- a pair of testes in a scrotal sac,
- some associated glands.
FUNCTIONS OF THE MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
- Testes – produces sperm.
- Urethra – carries sperm within the penis into the female organs.
- Scrotal sac – protect testes.
- Penis – introduces sperm into the vagina.
- Vas deferens – transfer sperm from testes to seminal vesicle.
FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
The female reproductive System
The female reproductive system consist of
- the Ovaries,
FUNCTIONS OF THE FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
- Ovaries – produces eggs.
- Oviduct – carries egg cells to the uterus.
- Uterus – receives and cares for developing foetus.
- Vagina – Outlet from the uterus or womb.
- Both male and female come together during sex.
- The sperm is released during intercourse and they swim towards the female egg cell (gametes or Ovum).
- This process is known as fertilization.
- Fertilization leads to formation of a zygote, which develops into a new offspring inside the uterus of the female.
- The zygote then develop to embryo.
- After nine months the female will give birth to a baby.
The topic is presented step by step
The class teacher revises the previous topics
He introduces the new topic
The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise
The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.
The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.
He or she does the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.
- Explain the process of reproduction
- Mention three female sex organs
- Write out out four male sex organs
- What is reproduction ?
Prepare for the next lesson by reading about water projects in Nigeria