SOCIAL STUDIES PRIMARY FIVE FIRST TERM WKS TOPICS

SOCIAL STUDIES PRIMARY FIVE FIRST TERM WKS TOPICS

  1. Other people in the family
  2. Unity in cultural Diversity
  3. Processes of changing culture and difference
  4. Marriage customs and practices
  5. Roles played by families – consequence, prevention
  6. Responsible Parenthood
  7. Problems of parenthood STIS/STDS/AIDS
  8. Traditional marriage
  9. Modern marriage
  10. Religion and religious belief
  11. Controlling religious intolerance development
  12. Role of religious bodies in development
  13. Revision and Examination

WEEK1

Topic: Family

Subtitle: Nuclear and extended Family

Learning Objectives: At the end of this this lesson, pupils should be able to:

    1. Define family
    2. State the members of a family
    3. Differentiate between nuclear and extended family

Resources and materials:

Scheme of work Online information

Instructional material: picture chart

Building Background/connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with numbers in hundred, tens and units from their previous classes.

CONTENT

Meaning and members of a nuclear family

Family is defined as a group of people that are related by blood, marriage or by adoption. Everybody in the society belongs to one family or another; family can be small or big.

We know that the family is a group of people related by blood, marriage or social relationship. We also know that our family is made up of ourselves, our father, our mother, our brothers and our sisters. The blood relations of our father and mother are also members of our family. They are part of the extended family. They have their own families, but some of them live with our family for some time.

Our grandparents (grandfathers and grandmothers) sometimes visit us, and may want to stay around for a while. We should respect them, go on errands for them, and help to make them comfortable. They are the parents of our parents. As a result, we should give them more respect. Sometimes, other people who are not our blood relations live in our house. Anybody who lives in our house is a member of our family. We should live happily with them. We should not refuse to play or associate with them, because they are not our relations.

There are two types of family; they are:

  1. Nuclear family
  2. Extended family Nuclear family

A nuclear family is a simple family made up of a father, a mother and their children. In other words, nuclear family can also be referred to as immediate family. The members of a nuclear family are father, mother, sons and daughters

A nuclear family Extended family

An extended family refers to all the people that are related by blood through one’s father or mother. It is made up of many nuclear families.

The members of an extended family include:

1 Uncle: The brother of one’s mother or father 2 Aunt: The sister of one’s mother or father

  1. Nephew: The son of one’s brother or sister
  2. Niece: The daughter of one’s brother or sister
  3. Paternal grandfather: The father of one’s father
  4. Paternal grandmother: The mother of one’s father 7 Maternal grandfather: The father of one’s mother

8 Maternal grandmother: The mother of one’s mother 9 Father–in–law: Father of one’s husband or wife

10 Mother–in–law: Mother of one’s husband or wife.

When our relations like uncles, aunts and cousins are from our mother’s side they are known as maternal relations, but when they are from our father’s side, they are known as paternal relations.

An extended family

Assessment & Evaluation:

  1. Define family
  2. State two difference between nuclear and extended family

WRAP UP(CONCLUSION) Teacher goes over the topic once again for better understanding.

Assignment:

  1. Relations from mother’s side are known as

……………………………………………..

  1. state six members of the nuclear family
  2. Your father’s brother is called…………………………………………

Week 2-3

Topic: Cultural diversity

Behavioral objectives: At the end of the lessons, the pupils should be able to

  1. Explain the words: culture, diversity and unity.
  2. Explain in simple terms what unity in cultural diversity means.
  3. Give examples of different ways of promoting unity in cultural diversity in our community

Instructional materials

Different kind of Charts and references materials Scheme of work

And other relevant materials

6 years basic Education curriculum Online information

Building background connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes

CONTENT OF THE TOPIC

Culture is the total way of life of a group of people. It includes language, mode of dressing, way of greeting, music and dances, religious festivals and farming techniques. Diversity refers to a variety or wide range of culture. Unity, on the other hand, refers to oneness. Unity in cultural diversity, therefore, refers to oneness, in spite of the differences in culture, i.e. customs, traditions and languages

Customs and traditions in the community

Nigeria is a country of many cultures. Each of the many ethnic groups in Nigeria has a different culture. For instance, in Edo and Delta states alone, there are more than ten ethnic groups with different cultures, although certain things are common to all of them.

Differences in customs and traditions

The way of life of Nigerians is similar in many ways, but some differences can be seen among the different cultures. These differences include the following:

  1. Language: Each ethnic group has its own language. For instance, the Fulani speak Fulfulde, while the Yoruba speak Yoruba.
  2. Dressing: The Igbo men wear long shirts on trousers. Agbada and buba are two of the traditional clothes of Yoruba men. Many Hausa men wear long white clothes, while the Urhobo prefer brightly coloured clothes.
  3. Music and dance: There are various types of drums all over Nigeria. These include the Yoruba talking drums and the Hausa kannago. Apala music is a traditional music of the Yoruba. Udje and opiri are two types of music in Urhoboland. The Edo people play ema music

Music and dance go together. For example, Atilogwu dance and Nkwa umu agbogho dance among the Igbo are very important. Drums and music are played on important occasions only, and not just for mere entertainment.

These occasions include funeral, marriage and coronation ceremonies

  1. Body beautification: Facial and other body marks differ from one place to another. By looking at the marks on someone’s face, one can tell the family or ethnic group of that person. For instance, three straight marks, on each cheek, identify the Oyo people. Also, hairstyles, especially among women, show differences from place to place.
  2. Works of art: Local weaving, carving, sculpture, smiting, pottery and painting vary from place to place. For example, calabash carving in Yoruba land differs from calabash carving in Hausa land. Kano city is famous for leather works.
  3. Ways of showing respect: Nigerians regard greeting as a sign of respect. There are also other ways of showing respect. Igbo young men bow before elders as a sign of respect. The elders tap the younger men on their shoulders in return. Yoruba young men prostate, while the women kneel before elders. Younger Hausa men crouch when greeting elders.

Respect for elders also includes not talking when elders are talking, not calling elders by their first names, and children running errands for their parents or elders.

Similarities in customs and traditions

There are things that are similar among the different cultures in Nigeria. For instance:

  1. All Nigerians have traditional religious practices.
  2. Nigerians show respect to people because of their age and experience, and not because of their money.
  3. The same types of clothes are worn by two or more ethnic groups.
  4. All Nigerians have extended families. Everybody is his/her brother’s keeper. 5 All Nigerians are kind and friendly to everybody, especially strangers.
  5. Some members of an ethnic group can speak the languages of their neighboring ethnic groups (apart from their own).
  6. All ethnic groups have traditional chieftaincy institutions.
  7. Some languages have certain words in common. For instance, certain words in Igbo and Yoruba, and Yoruba and Igala are the same, and have the same meaning .

Cultures we need to keep

Many things or factors have helped to bring about changes in our society. These include technology, religion, politics, education and the ways in which people make money. Changes take place all the time in almost all aspects of Nigerian life.

However, we should still keep some of our customs and traditions. Those we should keep include the following:

1 Our extended families 2 Our mode of dressing

3 The way our houses are designed 4 Our hairstyles

5 Our kindness to visitors and strangers (hospitality) 6 Our respect for elders

7 Our music and dances 8 Our arts and crafts

If we keep and preserve these customs, we would become special, and other countries would recognize our people anywhere in the world

Cultures that need to be changed

Some aspects of our cultures need to be changed. Some are already being changed. These include:

  1. The killing of twins: Due to religious teachings and civilization, this practice has been condemned as evil, and has since been stopped
  2. The existence of cults: There are some groups who engage in evil acts and do evil in secret. They do this to get into positions where they will rule others, or to make money. Such groups should be stopped.
  3. Our attitude to wealth: Most Nigerians want to be rich. This desire is not bad in itself. What is bad is wanting to be rich at all costs, and wanting to get rich very quickly. This makes people do evil things, like giving and receiving bribes and, sometimes, stealing in order to become rich.
  4. Our attitude to work: Some Nigerians work hard, no matter the type of work. Some others do not like to do some jobs, especially when it is a menial job. They see it as disrespectful. Examples of menial jobs are rural farming and daily paid jobs. We should do any job we have very well.
  5. Female circumcisions: This is the removal of a body part or tissue in the

body of females. This practice is dangerous to young girls and should be stopped.

Why some of our customs and traditions must be changed

There are many reasons why we need to change certain aspects of our way of life (customs and traditions). Here are some of them:

  1. When some of our people get ill, they depend on traditional healers, or medicine men and charms, to make them well again. This was the practice in the past. However, since modern medicine is much better and effective, everybody should adopt it. This will make us have better health.
  2. Breast feeding babies is traditional. It then changed to bottle-feeding or using baby formula because women wanted to work outside the home. Breast milk is the best food for babies. We should give it to our babies, even if it means using it along with baby formula.
  3. In the rural areas especially, it was not necessary before to use burglary proof devices in our homes. With the increase in the rate of armed robbery and stealing, it is now important for people to change and start using burglary proof and other modern security devices.
  4. In traditional or rural societies, farmers used crude means of farming like the hoe and the cutlass. But today, the modern world has been able to produce a better means of farming, which is called mechanized farming. It involves the use of machines like tractors and other modern farming equipment.

How to change undesirable customs and traditions

Most of the bad aspects of our cultures can be changed through education. Such education must be given in schools, on television and radio, on the Internet and in newspapers. Government agencies, like the National Orientation Agency, and religious bodies can help to provide this education.

Ethnic groups in Nigeria and the languages they speak

Nigeria is a very large country. There are more than 300 ethnic groups in Nigeria, speaking different languages. Here are some of the ethnic group

state Ethnic groups Akwa Ibom Ibibio, Anang Anambra Igbo

Bauchi Hausa, Tangale, Fulfulde, Korkera, Poli, Yolla, Eleme Bayelsa Ijaw

Benue Igala, Tiv, Idoma, Igede

Bornu Kanuri, Shuwa, Bedde, Fulfulde, Bura, Ngizim, Hausa, Kanembu Cross River Efik, Efut, Qua, Ejagham, Ekoi

Delta Urhobo, Itsekiri, Kwale, Igbo, Isoko, Ijaw Edo Bini, Afemai, Esan, Owan

Imo Igbo

Kaduna Hausa, Kaje, Gwari Lagos Yoruba

Niger Gari, Nupe, Koro, Hausa Ondo Yoruba

Oyo Yoruba

Plateau Birom, Agas, Miango, Hausa Rivers Ijaw, Igbo, Ikwerre

How to treat people who do not speak our own language

Some people who speak other languages live among us in our states. Some of our people also live among people who speak other languages.There are people who speak Hausa and Fulfulde languages, who live in places like Lagos, Ibadan and Onitsha. Also there are people who speak Igbo language, living in places like Kano, Kaduna, Sokoto and Akure. We should, therefore, accept people who do not speak our language, and be friendly with them. If we do not accept other people in our area, our people living in other areas will not be accepted by others. We are all human beings, and we are equal before God. Also, as citizens of the same country, we should learn to work together in unity for the progress of our country.

Assessment and evaluation

Teacher asks questions from pupils based on the topic wrap up and conclusions

Teacher goes over the topic for better understanding.

Assignment

1. Define Culture

Week 4

Topic: marriage custom and practice

Behavioral objectives: At the end of the lessons, the pupils should be able to

1. Identify steps in selecting marriage partners.

  1. identify and explain values relevant to the selection of partners.
  2. identify the role played by families and others in the selection of marriage partners.
  3. identify the consequences of some unhealthy marriage practices. 5 suggest ways of preventing unhealthy marriage practices.

Instructional materials

Different kind of Charts and references materials Scheme of work

And other relevant materials

6 years basic Education curriculum Online information

Building background connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes

CONTENT OF THE TOPIC

Steps in selecting marriage partners (Marriage procedure)

Marriage is the union of a man and woman as husband and wife. Marriage does not just happen. A number of steps lead to marriage. First, the man and the woman meet. This usually takes place:

1 In social gatherings like parties. 2 Where they live.

  1. At school.
  2. In religious gatherings.
  3. When their families come together in village or town ceremonies. 6 In their places of work.

The marriage ceremony

The marriage ceremony is the last stage. The ceremony takes any suitable form. Generally, the preparation and the actual ceremony take this form: 1 A special place, usually a big hall, is arranged for a party.

  1. The lady gets a wedding dress and the man gets a suit. The couple’s parents, friends and relations also get their dresses ready.
  2. The first part of the ceremony is often a religious ceremony performed by religious leaders.
  3. Music is also arranged for the event.
  4. The couple makes their relationship officially recognized, by going to the marriage registry to get an official marriage certificate.

Values relevant to the selection of partners

It is important for people seeking marriage partners to look for basic qualities before selecting a partner. These qualities include:

  1. Trust: It is important to choose partners who are trustworthy and dependable, in order to have a good and long-lasting relationship.
  2. Love and affection: When selecting partners for marriage, it is important for both partners to love and show affection to each other. If one of the partners shows love and affection, while the other does not, the relationship may not last long. It would break up eventually.
  3. Tolerance: People should only select those that can tolerate or accommodate their behavior as partners. Otherwise, there will be quarrels and disagreements between them.
  4. Honesty: People seeking partners should select those that are honest, and not fraudsters, liars or backbiters.

Role played by families and others in the selection of marriage partners

  1. The families of both the suitor and the bride-to-be provide useful advice to both of them on how to go about the task of selecting a suitable husband or wife.
  2. The family of the bride-to-be tries to get some important information about the man, such as his character, his background, and his family. The family of the suitor also does the same.
  3. The lady’s family and other relations meet to make useful suggestions on how to plan the marriage ceremony, and suggest steps to be followed in order to organize a successful marriage ceremony.
  4. The family members of the suitor also meet to plan how to meet the family of the lady. They also make arrangements for the gifts and money to be taken to the family.

Some unhealthy marriage practices and their consequences

Some unhealthy marriage practices common in our society include the following:

  1. Early marriage
  2. Same-sex marriage
  3. Trial marriages
  4. Forced marriages
  5. Widow (or wife) inheritances

Early marriage occurs when two persons who are not mature to marry get married at a very early age. Most times, this marriage does not last long, and couples get divorced or separated shortly after marriage, because of lack of understanding and maturity.

Same-sex marriage occurs when two people of the same sex, for example, a man and a man or a woman and a woman, live together as a couple. This is not accepted by most ethnic groups in Nigeria. But there are occasions when people of the same sex get married. Such people are not accepted in most

societies, and people generally condemn this kind of marriage.

Trial marriage does not last long, because it is based on experiment to test whether such a marriage would work well or not. Most times, the partners are not compatible; so they often disagree.

Forced marriage is marriage that is not based on consent or agreements between both partners. Such a marriage often has trouble and disagreements between both partners. This kind of marriage does not last for a long time.

Widow inheritance occurs when the brother or any mature male member of a dead man’s family inherits his wife. This practice is common amongst the Yoruba and Igbo ethnic groups in Nigeria. This marriage practice also comes with trouble and disagreements, because the woman is forced to marry someone she may not love.

Ways of preventing unhealthy marriage practices 1 Early marriage should be discouraged.

  1. Same-sex marriage is immoral, unlawful in Nigeria and not ideal. Most religions preach against it. It should, therefore, be discouraged.
  2. Widow Inheritance is barbaric and ancient. It should, therefore, be stopped. 4 Marriage should be based on love and agreement between the man and woman. People should not be forced into marriage. The practice of forcing people into marriage should be discouraged.

Assessment and evaluation

Teacher asks questions from pupils based on the topic Wrap up and conclusions

Teacher goes over the topic for better understanding. Assignment

1. Define marriage

Week 5-6

Topic: responsible parent hood

Behavioral objectives: At the end of the lessons, the pupils should be able to

  1. lists various characteristics of responsible parenthood.
  2. mention some of the problems of irresponsible parenthood.
  3. identify values that can be developed to avoid irresponsible parenthood. 4 explain the concepts of STDs and AIDS.
  4. mention sources of HIV infection.
  5. list the effects of STDs and HIV/AIDS on the family Instructional materials

Different kind of Charts and references materials Scheme of work

And other relevant materials

6 years basic Education curriculum Online information

Building background connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes

CONTENT OF THE TOPIC

Characteristics of responsible parenthood regarding marriage

After marriage, the husband and wife are expected to behave well, live responsibly and prepare to be good and responsible parents. Some of the characteristics of responsible parenthood include:

  1. Preparing for a new baby: Procreation, or producing babies, is one of the characteristics of marriage. It is the duty of the married couple to prepare well and provide the necessary materials needed for a new baby.
  2. Attending antenatal clinics regularly: Expectant mothers or pregnant women are expected to register in a clinic or hospital for regular checkup, in order to ensure that the mother and baby are healthy.
  3. Eating nourishing food: Expectant mothers are supposed to eat nourishing foods in order to ensure a healthy growth of the baby, and to nourish the mother, to make her healthy and strong till the day of delivery.
  4. Ensuring immunizations: Immunization is the drug administered to people, in order to prevent sickness or illness. Parents should ensure that their babies are given complete immunization, in order to prevent such babies from contracting diseases like polio, meningitis, measles, smallpox, and yellow fever.
  5. Breastfeeding: It is the responsibility of mothers to place their babies exclusively on breast milk, instead of using baby formula, which is not as good as breast milk.

Problems of irresponsible parenthood (STDs and AIDS) Meaning of STDs, HIV and AIDS

STDs are sexually transmitted diseases, which mean that they can be contracted through sexual intercourse.

Examples of STDs are gonorrhea and syphilis. They may make it difficult for a woman to get pregnant in future. Another STD that is deadly is HIV/AIDS.

HIV means Human Immunodeficiency Virus. This virus attacks the white blood cells, and causes Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). The virus normally damages the system that fights diseases in the human body.

Sources of HIV/AIDS infection

HIV/AIDS can be contracted through the following sources: 1 Sexual intercourse.

  1. Exchange of body-piercing objects, such as pins, needles, syringes, clippers, and razors.
  2. Through the blood of an AIDS patient entering a cut or a wound of another person.
  3. Blood transfusions, i.e. passing of blood from one person to another. If the blood is infected with AIDS virus, the person who receives it could contract AIDS.

We cannot contract AIDS from food, water, handshake, toilet, furniture or telephone. There is no cure yet for AIDS. The best way to prevent it is not to have sexual intercourse outside marriage. Antiviral drugs are also available to those who have AIDS, to help them reduce the effect of the disease.

Effects of STDs, HIV and AIDS on the family

  1. Marriage failure: A man or woman can contract HIV/AIDS through any of

the sources mentioned earlier. If either of them happens to get the infection, it might eventually lead to marriage failure or divorce.

  1. Reduction in family income: Another effect it would have on the family is the reduction in income, because a major part of the family income would be used to buy drugs and pay for treatments, in order to sustain the patient; and since there is no cure for HIV/AIDS, the family would have to keep spending money to keep the patent alive and healthy.
  2. Stigma from members of the community: Even though it is bad to neglect or look down upon anyone who is ill, some people still do this to HIV/AIDS patients. That is what stigma means. Such behavior is very bad.

Responsible sexual behaviour

It is very important for the husband and wife to live responsibly, and remain faithful to each other. In order to ensure a happy, peaceful and harmonious married life, people should not engage in sex outside marriage.

Values relevant to responsible sexual behaviour

  1. Faithfulness: The husband and wife should remain faithful to each other all their lives.
  2. Discipline: The man and the woman should also be disciplined, and should not engage in extramarital affairs.
  3. The fear of God: People should fear God, and always do the right things, as stipulated in the holy books.

Assessment and evaluation

Teacher asks questions from pupils based on the topic Wrap up and conclusions

Teacher goes over the topic for better understanding. Assignment

1. Define HIV

Week 7-8

Topic: Traditional marriage and modern marriage

Behavioral objectives: At the end of the lessons, the pupils should be able to 1 describes the features of traditional marriage.

2 highlight the advantages and disadvantages of traditional marriage. 3 describe the features of modern marriage in Nigeria.

4 identify values associated with Christian marriage and Islamic marriage Instructional materials

Different kind of Charts and references materials Scheme of work

And other relevant materials

6 years basic Education curriculum Online information

Building background connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes

CONTENT OF THE TOPIC

Main features of traditional marriage

Traditional marriage is conducted in accordance with the traditions and customs of the people. These traditions have been with the people for a long time, even before other people’s ideas were introduced. Here are some of the features of traditional marriage:

  1. Traditional marriage is mainly between the families of the man and the woman.
  2. There is always a betrothal ceremony.
  3. Traditional marriages are not held without the payment of a bride price. 4 It usually involves traditional rites and prayers.
  4. In many Nigerian cultures, the woman is taken to her husband’s house the same day the marriage ceremony is held.
  5. in some cultures, the woman goes, in a ceremony, with her own parents to her husband’s house. For example, the Edo and Urhobo ethnic groups perform this ceremony.
  6. In traditional marriage, a man can marry as many wives as he wants. 8 The marriage takes place in the family home of the wife-to-be.

Advantages and disadvantages of traditional marriage Advantages of traditional marriage

  1. It allows a man to marry many wives, who could help him on his farm or in his business.
  2. A man is able to have as many children as possible from this type of marriage.

These children help on the farm and in the family business. They also provide support when their parents are old.

  1. A large extended family, made up of the families of a man’s wives, is produced from this type of marriage. This large family is usually helpful to the man in bad times.

Disadvantages of traditional marriage

  1. Since his wives and children are many, the man may not be able to take care of them adequately.
  2. There may be frequent quarrels among the wives and children.
  3. Most times, the man does not give equal love and care to his wives and children

Main features of modern marriage

Modern marriage was brought into Nigeria from outside the country. There are three types of modern marriage, namely:

1 Christian marriage or church marriage 2 Muslim marriages

3 Marriages by the Marriage Act

Christian marriage

  1. Christian marriage is conducted in accordance with the rules of the church.
  2. The marriage is celebrated in the church.
  3. A reverend or pastor conducts the marriage
  4. The marriage is expected to be guided by the dictates of the Holy Bible.
  5. The man puts a ring on the fourth finger on the left hand of the woman and the woman does the same to the man. Usually, the woman already has an engagement ring on that same finger.
  6. A man can be married to only one woman at a time.
  7. After the wedding, there is usually a party. Here, among other ceremonies, the couple is advised by their friends and relations, on how to have a successful marital life.

Muslim marriage

  1. The Muslim marriage starts with the traditional steps we have learnt about in the previous unit.
  2. An Imam conducts the wedding.
  3. The man is permitted to marry up to four wives. 4 The marriage is conducted in the mosque.
  4. The man pays a bride price called yigi.
  5. Guests are entertained with food and drinks to celebrate the marriage

Marriage by the Marriage Act

Marriage by the Marriage Act was brought into the country by the Europeans. The marriage follows the laws of the government office called the Marriage Registry.

The person who joins the couple is called a Registrar. In this kind of marriage, a man may only marry one wife. The couple swears to certain statements, and may Exchange rings. Parents and friends are usually present at the registry.

Advantages and disadvantages of modern marriage

Advantages of modern marriage

  1. It is based on good traditional customs.
  2. It is backed up by the religion or law, which the couple strongly holds on to. 3 It makes divorce difficult.

4 It is guided by written laws.

Disadvantages of modern marriage

  1. It does not follow our customs and traditions.
  2. It tries to limit the influence of parents on the affairs of the couple who, however, may not be ready to bear the problems of a married life.

Values associated with modern marriage

The Christian marriage, Islamic marriage and marriage by the Marriage Act are based on love and submission, which must be adhered to strictly by both the husband and wife.

Both husband and wife should fear God, as stipulated in the Christian and Islamic doctrines. Both of them should learn to forgive each other. This attitude will encourage peace and prolong the relationship.

Assessment and evaluation

Teacher asks questions from pupils based on the topic Wrap up and conclusions

Teacher goes over the topic for better understanding. Assignment

1. Define Traditional and modern marriage

Week 9

Topic: Religion and Religion beliefs

Behavioral objectives: At the end of the lessons, the pupils should be able to 1 lists the types of religious practices in Nigeria.

  1. explain the meaning of religious intolerance.
  2. identify problems of religious bodies in Nigeria.
  3. state five of the role of religious bodies in Nigeria. 5 state how religious conflicts can be controlled

Instructional materials

Different kind of Charts and references materials Scheme of work

And other relevant materials

6 years basic Education curriculum Online information

Building background connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes

CONTENT OF THE TOPIC

Types of religious practices in Nigeria

We already know that there are three main religions in Nigeria. These are the African traditional religion, Islam and Christianity. There are various groups or sects in each of these religions. These sects have some beliefs which are different from those of the larger group. Some of the sects in the Muslim religion are the Ansar-ud-deen, the Ahmadiyya and the Nawar-ud-deen sects. in African traditional religion, there are, among others, the Sango worshippers, the Obatala worshippers, the Amadioha worshippers and the Olokun worshippers. Among the Christians, there are the Roman Catholic, the Church Missionary Society (CMS), the Baptist and the Pentecostal Movement, among others.

Each of the sects in Islam, Christianity and African traditional religion interprets aspects of the Holy Quran, the Holy Bible, and the teachings of the African traditional religion in different ways. However, they all claim to serve and worship the same God.

Meaning of religious intolerance

Religious intolerance is the inability to accept that others have the right to practise their own religion. Religious intolerance occurs when some members of society refuse to accept or tolerate the religious practices of other people.

For instance, some people want everybody to belong to their own religion or sect. Such people sometimes attack or kill those of other sects.

Sometimes ago, there were religious riots in some parts of the northern states especially in Kano. Some Muslims tried to force others to join their own sect of the Islamic religion. This group was known as the Maitatsine group. They killed many People and destroyed property. Recently, the Boko Haram has also destroyed lives and properties in parts of northern Nigeria. This is not a good religious practice.

There have also been religious riots in Kaduna, Kafanchan, Maiduguri, Bauchi and Katsina towns.

God is merciful, kind and peaceful. He does not want violence. People should, therefore, not fight or kill one another because of religion. Such actions do not help the country to be united.

Effects of religious conflicts on society

Some of the bad effects of religious quarrels on society are:

  1. Loss of lives: People are often killed during religious riots. The killing may be planned, or it may be by accident.
  2. Loss of property: Houses of worship are often burnt. Cars and other property belonging to people are destroyed.
  3. Public disturbances: Religious crises disturb public peace. People, therefore, leave their work to hide in safer places, and this is bad for the country’s progress.
  4. Wasteful spending: Government usually helps people who are affected by religious riots. This help is often in the form of money or materials. Often, places of worship, which have been damaged, have to be rebuilt. This is wasteful; as such money could be put to better use.
  5. Hatred: Religious riots also affect national unity. People begin to hate one another, and this is not good for the peace and unity of Nigeria.

Assessment and evaluation

Teacher asks questions from pupils based on the topic Wrap up and conclusions

Teacher goes over the topic for better understanding. Assignment

1. Define Religion intolerance

Week 10

Topic: Religion and Religion beliefs

Behavioral objectives: At the end of the lessons, the pupils should be able to 1 list the types of religious practices in Nigeria

  1. explain the meaning of religious intolerance
  2. identifies problems of religious bodies in Nigeria. 4 state five of the role of religious bodies in Nigeria

.5 states how religious conflicts can be controlled Instructional materials

Different kind of Charts and references materials Scheme of work

And other relevant materials

  1. years basic Education curriculum Online information

Building background connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes

CONTENT OF THE TOPIC

Role of religious groups in national development

  1. Religious group was the first to provide formal education in schools. They have continued to build and run schools in which children receive their education. For instance, several Muslim and Christian groups have continued to do this.
  2. Religious groups have built hospitals in which the sick are treated.
  3. Religious bodies encourage people to live a good life, according to the laws of God.
  4. They have formed youth associations to help the youth to develop.
  5. They also encourage national unity, because their members come from different ethnic groups in Nigeria.

How to control religious conflicts

Religion provides rules which help to control human feelings and actions for the good of the people. The following are some of the ways to control religious conflicts:

  1. Different religion preaches peace and brotherly love. Each religion has its own doctrines and dogmas. Doctrines are the most important beliefs of a religion, while dogmas are fixed beliefs which must be accepted without any question.

Religious groups may not change their dogmas. They can, however, preach tolerance. This helps to reduce conflicts.

  1. All religions have practices and celebrations. Some of these are held in a noisy Way. These celebrations can make some people, whose religions are different, feel bad. Therefore, such celebrations must be held without noise and disturbance.
  2. Religion may involve preaching in the open air. Loudspeakers are sometimes used even in places of worship. The noise coming from this could make other people angry. The country or religious groups should find ways of controlling such noise in public.
  3. The government should also organize public enlightenment programmes to educate people on how to tolerate other religious practices.
  4. Religious bodies should be made to pay for things damaged by their members during religious riots, while fanatic groups or those involved in religious violence must be made to face court action.

Assessment and evaluation

Teacher asks questions from pupils based on the topic Wrap up and conclusions

Teacher goes over the topic for better understanding. Assignment

  1. List roles of religious groups’ national development

WEEK 11

Topic: Drugs Subtitle: Drug abuse

Learning Objectives: At the end of this this lesson, pupils should be able to:

    1. Define drug abuse
    2. State ways to identify someone abusing drugs
    3. State drugs that are commonly abused Resources and materials:

Scheme of work Online information

Instructional material: charts

Building Background/connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes.

CONTENT

Meaning of drug abuse

We can define drug abuse as the wrong and harmful intake of drugs especially without a doctor’s prescription.

Ways a person can abuse drugs:

  1. Taking drugs wrongly especially without doctor’s advice.
  2. Taking drugs when you are not sick.
  3. Taking more than what the doctor prescribes.
  4. Taking less than what the doctor prescribes
  5. Buying drugs from the bus, markets, road side or unregistered medicine stores.

Drugs that are commonly abused: it can be grouped into;

    1. Common drugs: paracetamol and vitamin C
    2. Legal drugs: Valium 5
    3. Illegal drugs: Heroine and cocaine

Other substances that can be abused included: Alcohol, snuff, tabacco, kola nut, cigarette, etc.

Ways to know someone who abuse drugs

  1. Untidy appearance
  2. Drunken behavior
  3. Convulsion
  4. Inattentiveness

Assessment & Evaluation:

1. Who is a pharmacist?

WRAP UP (CONCLUSION) Teacher goes over the topic once again for better understanding.

Assignment:

  1. Write five people that can administer drugs
  2. Who are those that should not take drugs on their on
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