The Importance of Soil

Subject : 

Basic Science and Technology


Topic : 

The Importance of Soil 


Term :

First Term




Week  10



Class :

Primary 1 / Basic 1



Previous lesson : 

The pupils have previous knowledge of Living organisms in the soil




Behavioural objectives :

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • say the importance of soil to plants
  • usefulness of soil to animals
  • benefits of soil to human existence


Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures different types of local roads or highways
  • Related Online Video
  • soil samples
  • flash cards

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks


Content :


Importance of soil to plants 

  • soil supports plants growth
  • soil holds plants firmly in the soil
  • soil supplies water to the plants
  • soil provides nutrients to the plants

Importance of soil to Animals

  • Animals like cows grazed and love on land or soil
  • Some animals like earthworms live in the soil

Importance of soil to Human

  • We use soil to build our houses
  • we use soil to make clay pots



The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise




The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.



Mention three types of soil

  1. _______________________________________________
  2. ______________________________________________
  3. ______________________________________________

mention two organisms that live in the soil

  1. —————-
  2. —————




Prepare for the next lesson by reading for revision