COMPUTER STUDIES PRIMARY FOUR FIRST TERM

COMPUTER STUDIES PRIMARY FOUR

FIRST TERM

WEEKS TOPICS PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVE

1. Importance of computer

2. Advantages of computer

3. Computer hardware

4. Hardware components List hardware input devices

5. Hardware Components Pupils should be able to:

6. Monitor (I). Define the term Monitor

7. Printers (I). Define the term printer

8. System Unit (I). Identify system unit

9. System Unit (I). Identify motherboard

10. Storage Devices (I). List hardware storage device

11. Computer Memory (I). Mention computer memory

12. Revision

13. Examination

WEEK 1

TOPIC: IMPORTANCE OF COMPUTER

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES

At the end of this lesson, Pupils should be able to:

  • Know the Definition of Computer
  • List the Uses of computer

TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS

  • Computer
  • Projector
  • Explanatory posters/pictures
  • Explanatory Video

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  • Universal Basic Education Curriculum.
  • NERDC Basic Education Curriculum for primary schools.
  • Lagos State Scheme of work
  • Online Materials
  • Computer Studies for Primary Schools.

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR/ PREVIOUS LESSON: pupils are familiar with the topic.

          CONTENT

          Meaning of Computer

Computer is an electronic machine or device that takes raw data as an input from the user and processes it, based on the instructions provided by a software or hardware program The computer as an electronic machine which accepts data as input, processes the data and gives out information. The information which the computer gives is called the output The computer carries out its function in a simple procedure known as Input Processing Output (IPO)

Examples of Computer

  1. Calculator
  2. Personal computer
  3. Smart phone
  4. Fuel pump

Importance of computer

Computer is used in the following places such as:

  1. Bank
  2. To keep customer account information.
  3. To transfer money from one point to another
  4. Offices
  5. To keep records.
  6. Write letters and keep accounts.
  7. Business
  8. To advertise our Goods and services.
  9. To keep records of all items and sales.
  10. Hospital
  11. To keep patients records and drugs.
  12. Too diagnose patients
  13. To treat patients.
  14. Transport
  15. To book reservation of tickets in airplanes, buses railways.
  16. Defense
  17. To design weapons and other defense equipment.
  18. To keep record of all defense equipment such as guns, rockets, bullets. etc.
  19. School
  20. To keep student’s records
  21. To assist in the teaching and learning process.
  22. Sport
  23. To display scores and results of matches.
  24. Publishing
  25. To create newspaper, magazine, books etc.
  26. Government
  27. To keep records of staff, process salaries of staffs.
  28. Prepare established plans and budgets.
  29. Manage records of census data.
  30. Taxes and notes
  31. Handles various types of registration like national identity card, voter’s registration. Etc.

PRESENTATION

  • The Teacher revises the previous lesson.
  • The Teacher introduces the topic: importance of computer.
  • She/he explains the Definition of Computer.
  • She/he mention the Uses of the computer.

EVALUATIVE ACTIVITIES

  • Define Computer
  • Mention three Uses of computer

CONCLUSION: Teacher goes over the topic once again for better understanding.

WEEK 2

TOPIC: ADVANTAGES OF COMPUTER

BEHAVIOURAL OBJECTIVES

At the end of this lesson, Pupils should be able to:

  • Mention the advantages of  computer

TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS

  • Computer
  • Projector
  • Explanatory posters/pictures
  • Explanatory Video

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  • Universal Basic Education Curriculum.
  • NERDC Basic Education Curriculum for primary schools.
  • Lagos State Scheme of work
  • Online Materials.
  • Computer Studies for Primary Schools.

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR/ PREVIOUS LESSON: the students were taught with importance of computer

                              CONTENT

ADVANTAGES OF COMPUTER

  1. Computers can work faster than human beings.
  2. Computers can store information accurately and then provide it when needed.
  3. Computers are more efficient and reliable than human beings.
  4. Computer has good storage capability.
  5. Computer is easy to use.
  6. Computers can be used to perform many tasks.
  7. Computers are more effective and accurate than human beings.

PRESENTATION

  • The Teacher revises the previous lesson.
  • The Teacher introduces the topic
  • She/he explains the advantages of the computer.

EVALUATIVE ACTIVITIES

  • Mention three Advantages of Computer.

CONCLUSION: the teacher sum up the lesson.

WEEK 3

TOPIC:  COMPUTER HARDWARE

Sub –topics:

  • Meaning of computer hardware
  • Computer hard ware features

ENABLE OBJECTIVES

At the end of this lesson, Pupils should be able to:

  • Define the term  Hardware
  • Name the features of computer hardware.
  • List parts of computer Hardware.

TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS

  • Computer
  • Projector
  • Explanatory posters/pictures
  • Explanatory Video

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  • Universal Basic Education Curriculum.
  • NERDC Basic Education Curriculum for primary schools.
  • Lagos State Scheme of work
  • Unified Schemes of Work Primary Schools for Computer Studies (MIDDLE BASIC)
  • Internet Materials.
  • Computer Studies for Primary Schools.

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR/ PREVIOUS LESSON: the students are familiar with Advantages of computer.

    CONTENT

               COMPUTER HARDWARE

Hardware means anything that can be touched or hold.

Computer hardware is the parts of computer that can be seen and touched. They comprises the electronic and physical parts of a computer system. Examples are keyboard, mouse, speaker, monitor, central processing unit, hard disk, etc

The hardware components of the computer system are made up of four parts. They are the

i) Input devices;

ii) System unit;

iii) Output devices; and

iv) Storage devices

FEATURES OF COMPUTER HARDWARE

Computer hardware features are:

  1. Computer hardware can be felt.
  2. It can be touched.
  3. It can be seen.

PARTS OF COMPUTER HARDWARE

Computer hardware is grouped into the following:

  1. Input device: these are computer parts through which data is sent into the computer. Examples are Keyboard, Joystick, scanner, stylus pen, webcam, light pen, etc.
  2. Output devices: these are parts that display the result of process data. Examples are speaker, printer, monitor, etc.
  3. System unit:  it processes all the data entered into the computer. The central processing unit (CPU) is the brain of the computer system. The components are the Cpu and motherboard.
  4. Storage devices: these are parts used for storing data in electronic form. Examples are Hard disk, cd/dvd, zip disk.

PRESENTATION

  • The Teacher revises the previous lesson
  • The Teacher introduces the topic: Computer Hardware.
  • She/he explains the term hardware and computer hardware.
  • He/she explains the features of computer Hardware.
  • The teacher leads the pupils to mention parts of computer Hardware.

EVALUATIVE ACTIVITIES

  • Hardware means what?
  • What is Computer Hardware?
  • List three features of computer Hardware.
  • Mention three parts of computer hardware.

CONCLUSION: the teacher sum up the lesson.

WEEK 4

TOPIC:  HARDWARE COMPONENTS (INPUT DEVICES)

Sub –topics:

  • Meaning of computer hardware
  • Computer hard ware features

ENABLE OBJECTIVES

At the end of this lesson, Pupils should be able to:

  • List hardware input devices.

TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS

  • Computer
  • Keyboard
  • Mouse
  • microphone
  • joystick
  • scanner
  • Projector

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  • Universal Basic Education Curriculum.
  • NERDC Basic Education Curriculum for primary schools.
  • Lagos State Scheme of work
  • Unified Schemes of Work Primary Schools for Computer Studies (MIDDLE BASIC)
  • Internet Materials.
  • Computer Studies for Primary Schools.

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR/ PREVIOUS LESSON: the students are familiar with Computer Hardware.

     CONTENT

                                 Input devices

Input devices are computer parts or equipment through which data is sent into the computer.

Examples of input devices

  1. Keyboard
  2. Joystick,
  3.  Scanner
  4.  stylus pen/ light pen
  5. Webcam
  6. Microphone

7.mouse

8. Diskette

PRESENTATION

  • The Teacher revises the previous lesson.
  • The Teacher introduces the topic: 
  • She/he explains the examples input devices.
  • Teacher leads pupils to select each input devices and say it name.

EVALUATIVE ACTIVITIES

  • What is computer input devices?
  • List three examples of computer devices.

CONCLUSION: Teacher goes over the topic once again for better understanding.

WEEK 5

TOPIC:  HARDWARE COMPONENTS (OUTPUT DEVICES)

Sub –topics:

ENABLE OBJECTIVES

At the end of this lesson, Pupils should be able to:

  • List hardware output devices.
  • Identify output devices.

TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS

  • Computer
  • Monitor
  • Printer
  • Speaker
  • projector
  • Explanatory posters/pictures
  • Explanatory Video

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  • Universal Basic Education Curriculum.
  • NERDC Basic Education Curriculum for primary schools.
  • Lagos State Scheme of work
  • Unified Schemes of Work Primary Schools for Computer Studies (MIDDLE BASIC)
  • Internet Materials.
  • Computer Studies for Primary Schools.

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR/ PREVIOUS LESSON: the students are familiar with Input Devices.

WORD FILE: equipment, printer.

                           CONTENT

                                 Output Devices

Output device are hardware parts or equipment that display the result of process data to the user. The output devices show the results of data processed in the CPU. Data is entered into the computer through the input devices. It is processed in the CPU. The result of the processing shows on the output devices.

 Examples of output devices

  1. Speaker
  2. Printer

3. Monitor

Earphone

PRESENTATION

  • The Teacher revises the previous lesson.
  • The Teacher introduces the topic:.
  • She/he explains the examples output devices.
  • Teacher leads pupils to select each output devices and say it name.

EVALUATIVE ACTIVITIES

  • What are computer output devices?
  • List three examples of computer devices output devices.

CONCLUSION:  Teacher goes over the topic once again for better understanding.

WEEK 6

TOPIC: MONITOR

Sub –Topics:

Definition of monitor

Types of monitor

Uses of monitor

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES

At the end of this lesson, Pupils should be able to:

Define the term monitor

List Types of monitor

Mention the Uses of monitor

TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS

Computer

Monitor

Projector

Explanatory posters/pictures

Explanatory Video

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Universal Basic Education Curriculum.

NERDC Basic Education Curriculum for primary schools.

Lagos State Scheme of work

Unified Schemes of Work Primary Schools for Computer Studies (MIDDLE BASIC)

Internet Materials.

Computer Studies for Primary Schools.

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR/ PREVIOUS LESSON: the students have been taught output device.

  CONTENT

  MONITOR

Monitor is an output device that display the result of process data to the user in electronic form they display information in pictorial form, video, sound, text.

The monitor types are the monochrome and coloured monitors. The monitor looks like a television and there is on/off switch. It can also be called the Visual Display Unit (VDU).

TYPES OF MONITOR BASED ON COLOUR

There are different types of Monitors. They are monochrome monitor, grey –scale monitor and coloured monitors.

Monochrome monitor: this monitor can display two colours, one is for the text (foreground) and one is for the background.

Grey – Scale Monitor: this monitor display different shades of grey.

Colour Monitor: this monitor can display over one million different colours. Coloured monitor generate Red, green, Blue, (RGB) light.

TYPES OF MONITOR BASED ON SIZE AND SHAPE

The size and shape of monitors are in two forms. These are Flat – panel Display (Liquid Crystal Display (LCD)) and Light Emitting Diode (LED) and Cathode Ray Tube (CRT).

Flat – panel Display (Liquid Crystal Display (LCD)) and Light Emitting Diode (LED): these are modern day monitors. They are slim and light. They are easier on the eyes and it does not consume much current.

Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) Monitor:  this type of monitor is very big and heavy.

USES OF COMPUTER MONITOR

It can be used to watch movies.

To display result of processed data.

To play video games

It helps to display data entered into the computer.

To displays information from the computer as visual images.

PRESENTATION

The Teacher revises the previous lesson.

The Teacher introduces the topic:

She/he explains the examples output devices.

Teacher leads pupils to select each output devices and say it name.

EVALUATIVE ACTIVITIES

Define monitor.

List the three types of monitors.

—————– is used to display processed data in electronic form.

Mention three uses of computer.

CONCLUSION: Teacher goes over the topic once again for better understanding

WEEK 7

TOPIC: PRINTERS

Sub –Topics:

Definition of printers

Types of printers

Uses of printers

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES

At the end of this lesson, Pupils should be able to:

Define the term printers

List Types of printers

Mention the Uses of printers

TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS

Computer

Printers

Projector

Explanatory posters/pictures

Explanatory Video

RELEVANT MATERIALS

Universal Basic Education Curriculum.

NERDC Basic Education Curriculum for primary schools.

Lagos State Scheme of work

Unified Schemes of Work Primary Schools for Computer Studies (MIDDLE BASIC)

Internet Materials.

Computer Studies for Primary School

 CONTENT

    PRINTERS

A printer is an output device that is used to print result of process data such as text, picture on a sheet of paper (Hard copy).

TYPES OF PRINTERS

 Printers are classified into Impact Printer and non-impact printer.

IMPACT PRINTER: this type of printer is slow and noisy. It works by banging a head or needle against an ink ribbon to make a mark on the paper. Examples of impact printers are Line printers, Dot – Matrix printers, etc.

Non – Impact printer: this type of printer do not make noise. It does not use any striking device to produce text, symbols on the paper. Examples of non – impact printers are inkjet printers and laser printers.

USES OF COMPUTER PRINTERS

Used for domestic and industrial purposes.

Used as copying machines.

Printers are used to print texts, figures and symbols on a sheet of paper.

PRESENTATION

The Teacher revises the previous lesson .

The Teacher introduces the topic:

She/he explains the examples printers.

She/he explains the types of printers.

Teacher leads pupils to mention the uses of printer.

EVALUATIVE ACTIVITIES

Define printers.

List the two types of printers.

—————– is used to display processed data on sheet of paper.

Mention three uses of computer.

CONCLUSION: the teacher sum up the lesson.

WEEK 8

TOPIC: SYSTEM UNIT

Sub –Topics:

External features of system unit

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES

At the end of this lesson, Pupils should be able to:

Identify system unit.

List external features of a system unit.

TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS

Computer

System unit

Projector

Explanatory posters/pictures

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Universal Basic Education Curriculum.

NERDC Basic Education Curriculum for primary schools.

Lagos State Scheme of work

Unified Schemes of Work Primary Schools for Computer Studies (MIDDLE BASIC)

Internet Materials.

Computer Studies for Primary Schools.

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR/ PREVIOUS LESSON: the students are familiar with printer.

    CONTENT

    SYSTEM UNIT

System unit is the hardware component of a computer which processes all the information entered into the computer. It can be called computer chassis, computer tower, and computer case.

 The interior parts of the system units are motherboard, central processing unit (cpu), power supply, disk drive(hard disk, cd drive), Memory (RAM and ROM).

The Cpu is the brain of the system.

EXTERNAL FEATURES OF A SYSTEM UNIT

The external features of a system unit include:

Reset button: it is used to clear the computer memory. It reset the computer.

Power button: it is used to power on and off the computer.

Cd drive: it is used to read data encoded on a compact disc or DVD.

Universal Serial Bus (Usb) port: it is used to connect different external devices like keyboard, flash drive, mouse, etc.

PRESENTATION

The Teacher revises the previous lesson.

The Teacher introduces the topic:

She/he explains and list the interior parts of system units.

She/he explains and list the External features of system units.

Teacher leads pupils to mention the external features of system unit.

EVALUATIVE ACTIVITIES

Another name for system unit is —————-.

.The hard ware component of a computer which processes all the information entered into the computer is ______________________.

USB stands for _______________________.

List three external features of a system unit

CONCLUSION: Teacher goes over the topic once again for better understanding

WEEK 9

TOPIC: SYSTEM UNIT (INTERNAL FEATURES)

Sub –Topics:

Internal features of system unit

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES

At the end of this lesson, Pupils should be able to:

Identify motherboard.

Identify Hard disk

TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS

Computer

System unit

Projector

Explanatory posters/pictures

Explanatory Video

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Universal Basic Education Curriculum.

NERDC Basic Education Curriculum for primary schools.

Lagos State Scheme of work

Unified Schemes of Work Primary Schools for Computer Studies (MIDDLE BASIC)

Internet Materials.

Computer Studies for Primary Schools.

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR/ PREVIOUS LESSON: the students are familiar with system unit.

       CONTENT

 SYSTEM UNIT INTERNAL UNIT

The internal system unit can be seen when opened. The following makes up the internal unit of system unit. These are:

Cpu

Disk  Drives

Motherboard

Power supply unit

                                        MOTHERBOARD

It connects all other components on computer to the CPU. It is the heart of the computer. The motherboard is the main printed circuit board (PCB) inside a computer that connect different vital components of a computer together.

The motherboard can also be called System board, Mobo, Mainboard.

HARD DISK

A hard disk is a hardware device that stores data or information on a magnetic or optical disk. It stores data permanently that is the data is still intact even when the computer is off.

PRESENTATION

The Teacher revises the previous lesson.

The Teacher introduces the topic:

She/he explains and list the internal parts of system units.

She/he explains and lists the internal features of system units.

Teacher leads pupils to mention the external features of system unit.

EVALUATIVE ACTIVITIES

Another name for motherboard is —————-.

The device that stores data permanently is called ________________.

List three internal features of a system unit

CONCLUSION: the teacher sum up the lesson.

WEEK 10

TOPIC: STORAGE DEVICES

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES

At the end of this lesson, Pupils should be able to:

List hardware storage devices.

Mention uses of storage devices.

TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS

Computer

Hard disk

Compact disk (CD)

Flash drive

Memory card

Projector

Explanatory posters/pictures

Explanatory Video

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Universal Basic Education Curriculum.

NERDC Basic Education Curriculum for primary schools.

Lagos State Scheme of work

Unified Schemes of Work Primary Schools for Computer Studies (MIDDLE BASIC)

Internet Materials.

Computer Studies for Primary Schools.

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR/ PREVIOUS LESSON: the students are familiar with system unit.

 CONTENT

Meaning of Storage Device

 Storage devices are computer hardware components that are used for storing data in electronic form. It is used to keep processed data.  It can store text, images, video, audio, symbol, etc.

  Storage devices are classified into two groups, these are:

Internal storage devices.

External storage devices.

          Internal storage devices.

Internal storage devices are seen inside the computer. It is also called the primary storage device. Example of internal storage device is hard – disk.

      External storage devices

External Storage Devices are seen outside the computer. They are connected with usb cable through the system unit.

Examples of external storage devices are flash drive, memory card, compact disk, external hard disk.

   USES OF STORAGE DEVICES

Storage devices are used to keep data for temporarily or permanently.

Used in sharing file.

Storage devices are used to back up saved files.

They are used in transporting file from one storage device to another.

PRESENTATION

The Teacher revises the previous lesson.

The Teacher introduces the topic:

She/he explains storage devices.

She/he explains list the examples of storage devices.

She/he explains the uses of storage devices.

Teacher leads pupils to mention the uses of storage devices.

STUDENT ACTIVITIES: the student identifies two storage devices on the table.

EVALUATIVE ACTIVITIES

Define storage devices.

 List three examples of storage devices.

Mention three uses of storage devices.

Another name for internal storage devices is —————-.

CONCLUSION: the teacher sum up the lesson.

WEEK 11

TOPIC: COMPUTER MEMORY

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES

At the end of this lesson, Pupils should be able to:

Mention computer memory

TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS

Computer

RAM

ROM

Projector

Explanatory posters/pictures

Explanatory Video

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Universal Basic Education Curriculum.

NERDC Basic Education Curriculum for primary schools.

Lagos State Scheme of work

Unified Schemes of Work Primary Schools for Computer Studies (MIDDLE BASIC)

Internet Materials.

Computer Studies for Primary Schools.

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR/ PREVIOUS LESSON: the students are familiar with Storage devices.

   CONTENT

    Meaning of Computer Memory

Computer memory is any physical device that is able to store date temporarily or permanently.

Examples of computer memory are Random Access Memory (RAM) and Read only Memory (Rom).

Random Access Memory (RAM)

The ram allows data items to be read or written in any computer system. It is a volatile memory. That is it loses it data when the power off a computer system is turned off.

Read only Memory (Rom)

Rom always retain it data. It is a non- volatile memory that stores essential information to operate the computer system. The rom is always at work when y a computer system is booting.

PRESENTATION

The Teacher revises the previous lesson.

The Teacher introduces the Topic:

She/he explains computer memory.

She/he explains the types of computer memory.

She/he explains differentiate between ram and rom.

Teacher leads pupils to mention the types of computer memory.

STUDENT ACTIVITIES: the students differentiate between ram and rom.

EVALUATIVE ACTIVITIES

Define computer memory.

Mention the types of computer memory.

Differentiate between ram and rom.

CONCLUSION: Teacher goes over the topic once again for better understanding.

 

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