Fundamental Rhythms and Movements

Subject : 

Physical and Health Education,

Term :

Second Term ,


Week 2

Class :

Basic 1 / Primary 1


Previous lesson : 

The pupils have previous knowledge of various ways of handling balls

Topic : Fundamental Rhythms and Movements


Behavioural objectives :

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • mention various fundamental movements
  • explain different types of fundamental movements
  • mention types of fundamental movements


Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks


Content :



Fundamental Rhythms and Movements

Fundamental Rhythms and Movements are the basic body movements that have rhythm. Examples of such movements are leaping, walking, stepping and hopping.


Walking means to move by putting one leg after the other. We can walk forward, backward or side-ways


Stepping means to move one foot before or behind the other while walking or moving. A person can step forward, backward or sideways.


Leaping means to make a long and high jump or sudden movement in order to land in another place. When leaping, one can land on one or both feet. An example of animal that leaps is the kangaroo, because it moves by making very long jumps.


Hopping means to make short and small jumps in order to move forward. The body is lifted up and comes down with one or both legs at the same time.

Examples of animals that hop are frogs, monkeys and grasshoppers

Wrong ways of leaping

• landing on the heels instead of toes;

• failing to move arms forward when leaping

Wrong ways of walking

• moving with the toes upwards;

• moving with the toes inwards;

• dragging the feet;

• walking with bent posture.

Wrong way of stepping

• when the body is not balanced on the second foot while the first foot is stepping forward.

Wrong way of hopping

not bending the knees slightly before hopping.





The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise




The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.



  • Explain hopping
  • Mention types of leaping
  • How is hopping done rightly
  • What does walking mean




Prepare for the next lesson by reading about Creative Rhythms and Movements



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