Simple Sewing tools and equipment Home Economics Primary 5 First Term Lesson Notes Week 8

 

Week: Week 8

Class: Primary 5

Subject: Home Economics

Topic: Simple Sewing Tools and Equipment

Duration: 45 minutes

Introduction: Begin the lesson by discussing the importance of sewing in our daily lives, like fixing torn clothes and creating new items. Explain that to sew effectively, we need the right tools and equipment.

Learning Objectives: By the end of this lesson, students should be able to:

  1. Identify and name simple sewing tools and equipment.
  2. Understand the purpose of each sewing tool and equipment.
  3. Describe the basic safety rules when using sewing tools.

Embedded Core Skills:

  • Fine motor skills
  • Attention to detail
  • Safety awareness

Reference Materials:

  • Visual aids (pictures of sewing tools and equipment)
  • Whiteboard and markers

Instructional Materials:

  • Sewing needles
  • Thimble
  • Pins
  • Scissors
  • Measuring tape
  • Thread
  • Fabric
  • Safety rules poster

Previous Knowledge: Students should have a basic understanding of what sewing is and why it’s important.

Content

  1. Sewing Needles:
    • Purpose: Sewing needles are slender, pointed tools with an eye for threading. They are used for stitching fabric by passing the thread through the fabric to join pieces together.
  2. Thimble:
    • Purpose: A thimble is a protective cap that fits on the finger. It’s used to protect fingers from pricks while pushing the needle through fabric, making sewing more comfortable and safer.
  3. Pins:
    • Purpose: Pins are small, pointed tools with a head. They are used to hold fabric pieces together temporarily, allowing you to sew along a specific line or pattern without the pieces shifting.
  4. Scissors:
    • Purpose: Scissors are cutting tools with sharp blades. They are used to cut fabric and thread neatly and accurately, helping to create precise shapes and edges in your sewing projects.
  5. Measuring Tape:
    • Purpose: Measuring tape is a flexible, ribbon-like tool with measurements marked on it. It is used to measure the length of fabric, ensuring that you cut the right size for your sewing project.
  6. Thread:
    • Purpose: Thread is a thin strand of material, usually made of cotton or synthetic fibers. It is used to create stitches that join pieces of fabric together, providing strength and durability to your sewing.
  7. Fabric:
    • Purpose: Fabric is the material you sew. It is the main component of your sewing projects, and it can be made from various materials such as cotton, silk, or polyester. Fabric serves as the base for your creative sewing designs.

These tools are essential for any sewing project and help make your sewing experience easier and more efficient. 🪡🧵🧷📏🪖

 

The following are important when using simple Sewing tools and equipment:

(1) The use of simple Sewing tools and equipment render Sewing pleasurable and easy. Using the sewing machine at the right height prevents fatigue.

(2) Storage of tools and equipment in a designated place allows them to be within reach when you need them. A sewing box or basket stores all the tools needed for Sewing.

(3) Sewing tools and equipment require care so that we can prolong their usage. The sewing machine requires oiling to lubricate the parts that do the work of Sewing. Running a Sewing machine while it is not in use, powers it for efficient use.

(4) Needles and pins are Sharp objects, and we need to handle them properly to avoid any accident which they can cause.

(5) The pressing of collars, seams , hems or any clothing object made, are done on a pressing board with a pressing Iron. For coal iron, pour out the coal which is on fire and quench it with water to prevent a fire hazard. If electric iron is used, set and regulate to the required temperature and handle the iron with care.

 

Evaluation questions

(1) Name three tools for Sewing machine.

 

(2) Sewing tools and equipment require care. Yes , No , all of the above

(3) What is used to lubricate parts of Sewing machine that do work of Sewing?

(4) The use of simple Sewing machine makes Sewing____________

(5) Storage of tools and equipment in a designated place allows them to _______________

 

 

1. Sewing needles are used for ______ fabric.
a) measuring
b) stitching
c) cutting
d) drawing

2. A thimble helps protect your ______ from pricks.
a) eyes
b) fingers
c) toes
d) ears

3. Pins are used to hold ______ pieces together.
a) fabric
b) paper
c) wood
d) plastic

4. Scissors are used to cut ______ and thread.
a) fruits
b) vegetables
c) fabric
d) rocks

5. Measuring tape helps us measure ______ length.
a) fabric
b) books
c) time
d) color

6. What does thread help us create?
a) stitches
b) music
c) stories
d) drawings

7. Fabric is the material we ______.
a) eat
b) wear
c) sleep on
d) watch

8. What tool protects your fingers from needle pricks?
a) pin
b) thimble
c) scissors
d) fabric

9. Which tool is used for cutting fabric?
a) thread
b) measuring tape
c) thimble
d) scissors

10. Pins are used to hold fabric pieces ______.
a) apart
b) together
c) in the air
d) in the water

11. Why is measuring tape important in sewing?
a) It makes music.
b) It measures fabric length.
c) It helps with cooking.
d) It tells time.

12. Fabric is the material we use for ______.
a) eating
b) sewing
c) drawing
d) playing

13. What does thread help us create when sewing?
a) stitches
b) songs
c) paintings
d) houses

14. Which tool is used for stitching fabric?
a) pins
b) scissors
c) sewing needles
d) measuring tape

15. Safety rules remind us to use a ______ to protect our fingers when sewing.
a) thimble
b) pin
c) scissors
d) measuring tape

Presentation: Step 1: Introduction to Sewing Tools and Equipment

  • Explain that sewing involves using different tools to stitch fabrics together.
  • Emphasize the importance of using the right tools for the job.

Step 2: Identifying and Understanding Tools and Equipment

  • Show pictures of each tool and equipment.
  • Name and explain the purpose of each tool:
    • Sewing needles: Used for stitching fabric.
    • Thimble: Protects fingers from pricks.
    • Pins: Hold fabric pieces together.
    • Scissors: Cut fabric and thread.
    • Measuring tape: Measures fabric length.
    • Thread: Used to create stitches.
    • Fabric: Material to sew.

Step 3: Safety Rules

  • Discuss basic safety rules for sewing, such as:
    • Always use a thimble to protect your fingers.
    • Keep scissors closed when not in use.
    • Store needles and pins safely.
    • Be careful when cutting fabric.

Teacher’s Activities:

  • Present the content using visual aids and examples.
  • Ensure students understand the purpose of each tool.
  • Emphasize safety rules and demonstrate safe tool handling.

Learners’ Activities:

  • Listen, observe, and ask questions.
  • Participate in a discussion about safety rules.

Assessment:

  • Assess understanding by asking students to name and explain the purpose of sewing tools and recall safety rules.

Conclusion: In this lesson, we learned about simple sewing tools and equipment used in sewing. Understanding these tools and their purposes is essential for anyone interested in sewing safely and effectively. As we continue our journey in Home Economics, we’ll explore more about sewing techniques and how to use these tools to create amazing items.