Features of physical development in Children
Class: Basic 4
Subject: Civic Education
Topic: Features of physical development in Children
There are many stages of development in a child. Each stage has its peculiar characteristics. Once a child does not show these characteristics, it means the child is not developing well. Such a child needs medical care.
Below are the different stages of development.
(1) Infancy:This is a period from birth to one year of life. A child is expected to be able to suck well, eat cereals
from 4—6 months, sit and later crawl ,erupt milk teeth, and increase height and weight.
(2) Toddler (1–3years): The child must be able to walk, eat better, see and recognise members of his or her family, and increase in height and weight.
(3) Pre– schooler (4–5years): The child walks well,knows when and where to use the toilet, talks better, etc.
(4) School age (6–12 years ): The child will start school, and replace milk teeth with permanent teeth. The child also
(a)recognises and arranges alphabets.
(b) increases his or her vocabulary
(c) grow taller.
(d) some girls at this time show signs of puberty (development of secondary sexual characteristics like breast)
(e) some may have reached menarche (first menstrual flow).
(5) Adolescence (13- 19): Boys and girls look like adults. They have all the features of adults. Some may be taller than their parents. There is increase in height and weight. They behave like adults.
(1) Explain why personal hygiene is necessary for physical development.
(2) List three stages of development
(3) List three changes that can occur in a toddler.
(4) List changes that occur in a school age child.